Article explains about Furnishing of Statement of Financial Transaction [Rule 114E], Non Furnishing/Defective Furnishing of SFT (Section 285BA) , Opportunity by Income Tax Authority to rectify defect, Notice in case of non-furnishing of SFT,  Opportunity to rectify defect within 10 days,  Penalty for failure to furnish statement of financial transaction or reportable account [Section 271FA] and Penalty for furnishing inaccurate statement of financial transaction or reportable account [Section 271FAA].

I. Furnishing of Statement of Financial Transaction [Rule 114E]

114E. (1) The statement of financial transaction required to be furnished under sub-section (1) of section 285BA of the Act shall be furnished in respect of a financial year in Form No. 61A and shall be verified in the manner indicated therein.

(2) The statement referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be furnished by every person mentioned in column (3) of the Table below in respect of all the transactions of the nature and value specified in the corresponding entry in column (2) of the said Table in accordance with the provisions of sub-rule (3), which are registered or recorded by him on or after the 1st day of April, 2016, namely:—

Sl. No. Nature and value of transaction Reporting by
-1 -2 -3
1 (a) Payment made in cash for purchase of bank drafts or pay orders or banker’s cheque of an amount aggregating to ten lakh rupees or more in a financial year. A banking company or a co-operative bank to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 applies (including any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act).
(b) Payments made in cash aggregating to ten lakh rupees or more during the financial year for purchase of pre-paid instruments issued by Reserve Bank of India under section 18 of the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007.
(c) Cash deposits or cash withdrawals (including through bearer’s cheque) aggregating to fifty lakh rupees or more in a financial year, in or from one or more current account of a person.
2 Cash deposits aggregating to ten lakh rupees or more in a financial year, in one or more accounts (other than a current account and time deposit) of a person. (i) A banking company or a co-operative bank to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 applies (including any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act);
(ii) Post Master General as referred to in clause (j) of section 2 of the Indian Post Office Act, 1898
3 One or more time deposits (other than a time deposit made through renewal of another time deposit) of a person aggregating to ten lakh rupees or more in a financial year of a person. (i) A banking company or a co-operative bank to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949) applies (including any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act);
(ii) Post Master General as referred to in clause (j) of section 2 of the Indian Post Office Act, 1898 (6 of 1898);
(iii) Nidhi Company referred to in section 406 of the Companies Act, 2013
(iv) Non-banking financial company which holds a certificate of registration under section 45-IA of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, to hold or accept deposit from public.
4 Payments made by any person of an amount aggregating to— A banking company or a co-operative bank to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 applies (including any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act) or any other company or institution issuing credit card.
(i) one lakh rupees or more in cash; or
(ii) ten lakh rupees or more by any other mode, against bills raised in respect of one or more credit cards issued to that person, in a financial year.
5 Receipt from any person of an amount aggregating to ten lakh rupees or more in a financial year for acquiring bonds or debentures issued by the company or institution (other than the amount received on account of renewal of the bond or debenture issued by that company). A company or institution issuing bonds or debentures.
6 Receipt from any person of an amount aggregating to ten lakh rupees or more in a financial year for acquiring shares (including share application money) issued by the company. A company issuing shares.
7 Buy back of shares from any person (other than the shares bought in the open market) for an amount or value aggregating to ten lakh rupees or more in a financial year. A company listed on a recognised stock exchange purchasing its own securities under section 68 of the Companies Act, 2013
8 Receipt from any person of an amount aggregating to ten lakh rupees or more in a financial year for acquiring units of one or more schemes of a Mutual Fund (other than the amount received on account of transfer from one scheme to another scheme of that Mutual Fund). A trustee of a Mutual Fund or such other person managing the affairs of the Mutual Fund as may be duly authorised by the trustee in this behalf.
9 Receipt from any person for sale of foreign currency including any credit of such currency to foreign exchange card or expense in such currency through a debit or credit card or through issue of travellers cheque or draft or any other instrument of an amount aggregating to ten lakh rupees or more during a financial year. Authorised person as referred to in clause (c) of section 2 of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999.
10 Purchase or sale by any person of immovable property for an amount of thirty lakh rupees or more or valued by the stamp valuation authority referred to in section 50C of the Act at thirty lakh rupees or more. Inspector-General appointed under section 3 of the Registration Act, 1908 or Registrar or Sub-Registrar appointed under section 6 of that Act.
11 Receipt of cash payment exceeding two lakh rupees for sale, by any person, of goods or services of any nature (other than those specified at Sl. Nos. 1 to 10 of this rule, if any.) Any person who is liable for audit under section 44AB of the Act.
12 Cash deposits during the period 09th November, 2016 to 30th December, 2016 aggregating to— (i) A banking company or a co-operative bank to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 applies (including any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act);
(i) twelve lakh fifty thousand rupees or more, in one or more current account of a person; or (ii) Post Master General as referred to in clause (j) of section 2 of the Indian Post Office Act, 1898
(ii) two lakh fifty thousand rupees or more, in one or more accounts (other than a current account) of a person.
13 Cash deposits during the period 1st of April, 2016 to 9th November, 2016 in respect of accounts that are reportable under Sl.No.12. (i) A banking company or a co-operative bank to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 applies (including any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act);
(ii) Post Master General as referred to in clause (j) of section 2 of the Indian Post Office Act, 1898

(3) The reporting person mentioned in column (3) of the Table under sub-rule (2) [(other than the persons at Sl.No.10 and Sl.No.11)] shall, while aggregating the amounts for determining the threshold amount for reporting in respect of any person as specified in column (2) of the said Table,—

(a) take into account all the accounts of the same nature as specified in column (2) of the said Table maintained in respect of that person during the financial year;

(b) aggregate all the transactions of the same nature as specified in column (2) of the said Table recorded in respect of that person during the financial year;

(c) attribute the entire value of the transaction or the aggregated value of all the transactions to all the persons, in a case where the account is maintained or transaction is recorded in the name of more than one person;

(d) apply the threshold limit separately to deposits and withdrawals in respect of transaction specified in item (c) under column (2), against Sl. No. 1 of the said Table.

(4) The return in Form No. 61A referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be furnished through online transmission of electronic data to a server designated for this purpose under the digital signature of the person specified in sub-rule (7)

Provided that in case of a reporting person, being a Post Master General or a Registrar or an Inspector General referred to in sub-rule (2), the said return in Form 61A may be furnished in a computer readable media, being a Compact Disc or Digital Video Disc (DVD), alongwith the verification in Form-V on paper.

(5) The statement of financial transactions referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be furnished on or before the 31st May (However in the wake of COVID 19, the date has been extended to 30th June, 2020), immediately following the financial year in which the transaction is registered or recorded:

[Provided the statement of financial transaction in respect of the transactions listed at serial number (12) [and serial number (13)] in the Table under sub-rule (2), shall be furnished on or before the 31st day of January, 2017.]

(6) (a) Every reporting person mentioned in column (3) of the Table under sub-rule (2) shall communicate to the Principal Director General of Income-tax (Systems) the name, designation, address and telephone number of the Designated Director and the Principal Officer and obtain a registration number.

(b) It shall be the duty of every person specified in column (3) of the Table under sub-rule (2), its Designated Director, Principal Officer and employees to observe the procedure and the manner of maintaining information as specified by its regulator and ensure compliance with the obligations imposed under section 285BA of the Act and rules 114B to 114D and this rule.

Explanation 1.—”Designated Director” means a person designated by the reporting person to ensure overall compliance with the obligations imposed under section 285BA of the Act and the rules 114B to 114D and this rule and includes—

(i) the Managing Director or a whole-time Director, as defined in the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013), duly authorised by the Board of Directors if the reporting person is a company;
(ii) the managing partner if the reporting person is a partnership firm;
(iii) the proprietor if the reporting person is a proprietorship concern;
(iv) the managing trustee if the reporting person is a trust;
(v) a person or individual, as the case may be, who controls and manages the affairs of the reporting entity if the reporting person is, an unincorporated association or, a body of individuals or, any other person.

Explanation 2.—”Principal Officer” means an officer designated by the reporting person referred to in the Table in sub-rule (2).

(7) The statement of financial transaction referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be signed, verified and furnished by the Designated Director specified in sub-rule (6):

Provided that where the reporting person is a non-resident, the statement may be signed, verified and furnished by a person who holds a valid power of attorney from such Designated Director.

II. Non Furnishing/Defective Furnishing of SFT [Section 285BA(4), Section 285BA(5) & Section 285BA(6)]

a. Opportunity by Income Tax Authority to rectify defect [Section 285BA(4)]

Where the prescribed income-tax authority considers that the statement furnished under sub-section (1) of 285BA is defective, he may intimate the defect to the person who has furnished such statement and give him an opportunity of rectifying the defect within a period of thirty days from the date of such intimation or within such further period which, on an application made in this behalf, the said income-tax authority may, in his discretion, allow; and if the defect is not rectified within the said period of thirty days or, as the case may be, the further period so allowed, then, notwithstanding anything contained in any other provision of this Act, [the provisions of this Act shall apply as if such person had furnished inaccurate information in the statement].

b. Notice in case of non-furnishing of SFT [Section 285BA(5)]

Where a person who is required to furnish a statement under sub-section (1) of 285BA has not furnished the same within the specified time, the prescribed income-tax authority may serve upon such person a notice requiring him to furnish such statement within a period not exceeding thirty days from the date of service of such notice and he shall furnish the statement within the time specified in the notice.

c. Opportunity to rectify defect within 10 days [Section 285BA(6)]

If any person, having furnished a statement under sub-section (1) of Section 285BA, or in pursuance of a notice issued under sub-section (5) of 285BA, comes to know or discovers any inaccuracy in the information provided in the statement, he shall within a period of ten days inform the income-tax authority or other authority or agency referred to in sub-section (1) of 285BA, the inaccuracy in such statement and furnish the correct information in such manner as may be prescribed.

III. Penalty for non-furnishing/inaccurate furnishing [Section 271FA & Section 271FAA]

a. Penalty for failure to furnish statement of financial transaction or reportable account [Section 271FA]

If a person who is required to furnish a statement of financial transaction or reportable account under sub-section (1) of section 285BA, fails to furnish such statement within the time prescribed under sub-section (2) thereof, the income-tax authority prescribed under said sub-section (1) may direct that such person shall pay, by way of penalty, a sum of five hundred rupees for every day during which such failure continues:

Provided that where such person fails to furnish the statement within the period specified in the notice issued under sub-section (5) of section 285BA, he shall pay, by way of penalty, a sum of one thousand rupees for every day during which the failure continues, beginning from the day immediately following the day on which the time specified in such notice for furnishing the statement expires.

b. Penalty for furnishing inaccurate statement of financial transaction or reportable account [Section 271FAA]

If a person referred to in sub-section (1) of section 285BA, who is required to furnish a statement under that section, provides inaccurate information in the statement, and where—

a. the inaccuracy is due to a failure to comply with the due diligence requirement prescribed under sub-section (7) of section 285BA or is deliberate on the part of that person; or

b. the person knows of the inaccuracy at the time of furnishing the statement of financial transaction or reportable account, but does not inform the prescribed income-tax authority or such other authority or agency; or

c. the person discovers the inaccuracy after the statement of financial transaction or reportable account is furnished and fails to inform and furnish correct information within the time specified under sub-section (6) of section 285BA, then, the prescribed income-tax authority may direct that such person shall pay, by way of penalty, a sum of fifty thousand rupees.

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Qualification: CA in Practice
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Location: EAST DELHI, New Delhi, IN
Member Since: 03 Apr 2020 | Total Posts: 5
CA Satish Singh is a practicing Chartered Accountant. Besides, He also holds membership of ICSI. A B.com(H) graduate from Motilal Nehru College, Delhi University. He did his articleship training from M/S. Mohinder Puri & Co., Chartered Accountants a renowned Chartered Accountancy Firm. His Post View Full Profile

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2 Comments

    1. CA. Satish Singh says:

      Dear Sir,

      Due date remains the same i.e. 30th June,2020. No extension in respect of filing form 61A has been given.

      Best Regards,
      CA. Satish SIngh

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