Case Law Details

Case Name : DCIT (E) Vs Shree Bhartimaiya memorial Foundation (ITAT Ahmedabad)
Appeal Number : I.T.A. No. 2619/Ahd/2017
Date of Judgement/Order : 29/05/2019
Related Assessment Year : 2013-14
Courts : All ITAT (6332) ITAT Ahmedabad (434)

DCIT (E) Vs Shree Bhartimaiya Memorial Foundation (ITAT Ahmedabad)

The solitary question that arises for adjudication whether the trust has incurred deficit due to excess spending on the object of the trust during the particular year and whether excess expenditure incurred in earlier years by the trust could be allowed to be set off against the income of subsequent year by invoking Section 11 of the Act. The issue is no longer res integra. The Hon’ble Gujarat High Court in CIT vs. Shri Plot Shwetamber Murti Pujak Jain Mandal (1995) 211 ITR 0293 (Guj) has rendered decision favourable to the assessee on the very issue. The Hon’ble Gujarat High Court has held that there is nothing in the language of Section 11(1)(a) of the Act to indicate that the income from trust property should have been applied for charitable or religious trusts only in the year in which such income has arisen. The expenditure incurred in the earlier year can be met out of the income of the subsequent year and utilization of such income for meeting the expenditure of the earlier year would amount to such income being applied for charitable or religious trusts. The Hon’ble Gujarat High Court further held that income derived from Trust property has to be computed on commercial principles and consequently deficit arising out of expenditure over income for the previous year should, therefore, be set off against surplus of income over expenditure relating to the subsequent year. Similar view has been expressed in CIT vs. Maharana of Mewar Charitable Foundation (1987) 164 ITR 439 (Raj) and CIT vs. Matriseva Trust (2000) 242 ITR 20 (Mad). Whatever little controversy might be existing has been put to rest by the recent decision of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of CIT(Exemption) vs. Subros Education Society (2018) 303 CTR 1 (SC). Hence, the CIT(A) in our view has correctly applied the law as evolved by the judicial precedents. In the absence of any infirmity in the order of the CIT(A), we decline to interfere therewith.

FULL TEXT OF THE ITAT JUDGEMENT

The captioned appeal has been filed at the instance of the Revenue against the order of the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals)-9, Ahmedabad, (‘CIT(A)’ in short), dated 19.09.2017 arising in the assessment order dated 30.03.2016 passed by the Assessing Officer (AO) under s. 143(3) of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (the Act) concerning AY 2013-14.

2. The ground of appeal raised by Revenue reads as under:

“1. The Ld. CIT(A) has erred in the law and on facts in allowing carry forward excess expenditure for future years against its future income in absence of any express provision in the Act regarding the same.”

3. The assessee is a public charitable trust and has been granted registration under s.12A(a) of the Income Tax Act. During the year under consideration, the assessee trust has claimed set off of deficits on earlier year AY 2009-10 to the extent of Rs.1,21,07,908/-. The AO while passing the assessment order under s.143(3) of the Act disallowed carried forward deficit for being set off.

4. In the first appeal against the aforesaid action of the AO, the CIT(A) allowed carry forward of excess expenses over next years.

5. Aggrieved by the order of the CIT(A), the Revenue is in appeal before the Tribunal.

6. The learned DR for the Revenue relied upon the order of the AO while the learned AR for the assessee relied upon the order of the CIT(A) as well as various judicial pronouncements in this regard.

7. We have carefully considered the rival submissions. The solitary question that arises for adjudication whether the trust has incurred deficit due to excess spending on the object of the trust during the particular year and whether excess expenditure incurred in earlier years by the trust could be allowed to be set off against the income of subsequent year by invoking Section 11 of the Act. The issue is no longer res integra. The Hon’ble Gujarat High Court in CIT vs. Shri Plot Shwetamber Murti Pujak Jain Mandal (1995) 211 ITR 0293 (Guj) has rendered decision favourable to the assessee on the very issue. The Hon’ble Gujarat High Court has held that there is nothing in the language of Section 11(1)(a) of the Act to indicate that the income from trust property should have been applied for charitable or religious trusts only in the year in which such income has arisen. The expenditure incurred in the earlier year can be met out of the income of the subsequent year and utilization of such income for meeting the expenditure of the earlier year would amount to such income being applied for charitable or religious trusts. The Hon’ble Gujarat High Court further held that income derived from Trust property has to be computed on commercial principles and consequently deficit arising out of expenditure over income for the previous year should, therefore, be set off against surplus of income over expenditure relating to the subsequent year. Similar view has been expressed in CIT vs. Maharana of Mewar Charitable Foundation (1987) 164 ITR 439 (Raj) and CIT vs. Matriseva Trust (2000) 242 ITR 20 (Mad). Whatever little controversy might be existing has been put to rest by the recent decision of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of CIT(Exemption) vs. Subros Education Society (2018) 303 CTR 1 (SC). Hence, the CIT(A) in our view has correctly applied the law as evolved by the judicial precedents. In the absence of any infirmity in the order of the CIT(A), we decline to interfere therewith.

8. In the result, the appeal filed by the Revenue is dismissed.

This Order pronounced in Open Court on 29/05/2019

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