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Introduction: In a casual conversation between Vivaan and Aahil, the mysterious Section 43B(h) sparks curiosity. Aahil reveals it’s a game-changer in the Indian Income Tax Act, designed to alleviate payment struggles for micro and small enterprises (MSEs). This article unravels the complexities of 43B(h) in a friendly Q&A format.

Vivaan: Dude, what’s this buzz about Section 43B(h)? Sounds like some legal jargon!

Aahil: Haha, not exactly! It’s actually a new rule in the Indian Income Tax Act that affects businesses like ours. Remember how we sometimes struggle to get timely payments from larger companies?

Vivaan: Totally! Cash flow gets messed up, growth slows down… ugh.

Aahil: Exactly! Well, Section 43B(h) aims to fix that. If you’re a micro or small enterprise (MSE) registered under the MSME Act, and you sell goods or services to bigger companies, they have to pay you within a specific timeframe!

Vivaan: Oh wow, that’s huge! What’s the timeframe?

Aahil: Depends on the agreement. If you have a written agreement specifying a payment date, the company has 45 days to pay you. Otherwise, the deadline is 15 days from the invoice date.

Vivaan: Okay, sounds good. But what if they still delay the payment?

Aahil: That’s where things get interesting! If they don’t pay within the timeframe, the big company cannot claim the expense as a deduction in the same year. Basically, they have to pay more taxes!

Vivaan: So it incentivizes them to pay us on time? Nice!

Tax Time Made Easy Mastering Section 43B(h) with a Friendly Q&A & Year-Specific Dates

Aahil: Absolutely! Let’s look at some examples. Imagine you sell supplies to a company on January 15th, 2024. The invoice amount is ₹10,000.

Scenario 1: They pay you on February 10th, 2024 (within 15 days). You report the ₹10,000 as income in your 2023-24 tax return and Company will claim the corresponding deduction.

Scenario 2: They pay you on March 20th, 2024 (between 15 and 45 days). Same as above, you record the income and company will claim deduction in 2023-24.

Scenario 3: They pay you on May 1st, 2024 (after 45 days). Now, things change! You still record the income, but the company can’t deduct it in their 2023-24 tax return. They have to wait until their 2024-25 return, meaning they pay more taxes.

Vivaan: This is fantastic! Section 43B(h) basically holds them accountable for delaying payments.

Aahil: Exactly! It protects our cash flow and gives us leverage when negotiating payment terms. Remember, the rule came into effect on April 1st, 2024, so it applies to invoices dated from then onwards.

Vivaan: This is definitely something I need to inform my accountant about. Thanks for explaining it so clearly!

Aahil: No problem! Just remember, Section 43B(h) is on our side when it comes to timely payments.

Conclusion: Vivaan concludes that Section 43B(h) serves as a powerful tool, holding larger companies accountable for timely payments. Aahil reinforces that the rule, effective from April 1st, 2024, is a game-changer for negotiating payment terms.

Disclaimer: This information is for general awareness only and does not constitute legal advice. Please consult a qualified professional for specific guidance.

Author Bio

Greetings to Everyone, I am Practising Chartered Accountant from Thane,Maharashtra, Proprietor of Bhavik Chudasama & Co, Chartered Accountants.Having been in this Industry from 2009 years I expertise in the Field of VAT, Income Tax Return Filing, Tax Audit, Income Tax Scrutiny , Drafting of A View Full Profile

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April 2024