Permanent Account Number (PAN) is the key identifier of taxable entity and aggregator of all financial transactions undertaken by one person. One PAN for one person is the guiding principle for allotment of PAN. However, for achieving the objective of one PAN to one assessee it is required to maintain uniqueness of PAN. The uniqueness of PAN is achieved by conducting a de-duplication check on all already existing allotted PAN against the data furnished by new applicant. Under the existing system of PAN only demographic data is captured. Some instances are found where multiple PANs have been allotted to one person or one PAN has been allotted to multiple persons despite the application of de-duplication process based on demographic data. Linkage of Aadhaar number into PAN database will allow a robust way of de-duplication as Aadhaar number is based on bio metric attributes of finger prints and iris images. Further seeding of Aadhaar will allow the Income-tax Department to weed out any undetected duplicate PANs. It will also facilitate resolution of cases of one PAN allotted to multiple persons.As on 27.7.2017, 11,44,211 PANs have been identified and deleted or de-activated in cases where multiple PANs were found allotted to one person. Similarly, as on 27.7.2017, 1,566 PANs have been identified as ‘Fake’ which were allotted to either non-existent person or in the names of persons with false identities. In this regard, the PAN service provider carries out onsite verification of PAN applications to verify identity and addresses of the applicant and share the report of such verification to the concerned Assessing Officer. On receipt of such report the assessing officer also conducts enquirers and mark the PAN as “Fake”. If information of allotment of more than one PAN is received, the facility to delete or de-activate the PAN is available with the Assessing Officer through application software. Further, during 2004 to 2007, an exercise for de-duplication of PAN was conducted in the Department to identify probable duplicate PANs, which were consequently deleted or de-activated by the concerned assessing officers after examinations.

This was stated by Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar, Minister of State for Finance in written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today. (PIB)

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One Comment


    The linking of PAN with Aadhar is a welcome step. However, lot of difficulties are experienced due to mismatch of name.
    Every one forgets that Aadhar is just a Number which identifies a person uniquely. Your profile including photo is displayed on biometric identification. I had pleasant surprises twice.
    Once at Mumbai Airport where CISF asked for my Aadhar Number & entered it on his key board; He asked me to look into a binocular vision test; OTP came to my mobile; he punched it and asked me to walk in.
    Second when I went to reverify my mobile with BSNL. Here also they only asked for the Number (No need to show Aadhar Card); entered the mobile number to be verified, asked for Finger Print and presto OTP arrived at mobile; they punched it re-verified Finger Print and gave an acknowledgement slip.
    Not only that BSNL sent an SMS stating that the mobile had been re-verified by so and so number and if I had NOT done it asked me to send REVRYNO to a particular SMS No.
    I think IT Department can follow such aprocedure to ease the problem. It will be fool proof.
    Instead of wasting tme and effort of field staff all PAN not verified may just be struck off

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January 2021