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Case Law Details

Case Name : Suman Poddar Vs ITO (ITAT Delhi)
Appeal Number : ITA No. 1006/Del/2019
Date of Judgement/Order : 25/07/2019
Related Assessment Year : 2014-15
Courts : ITAT Delhi
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Suman Poddar Vs ITO (ITAT Delhi)

The evidences put forth by the Revenue regarding the entry operation fairly leads to a conclusion that the assessee is one of the beneficiaries of the accommodation entry receipts in the form of long-term capital gains. The assessee has failed to prove that the share transactions are genuine and could not furnish evidences regarding the sale of shares except the copies of the contract notes, cheques received against the overwhelming evidences collected by the Revenue regarding the operation of the entire affairs of the assessee. This cannot be a case of intelligent investment or a simple and straight case of tax planning to gain benefit of long-term capital gains. The earnings @ 491% over a period of 5 months is beyond human probability and defies business logic of any business enterprise dealing with  share transactions. The net worth of the company is not known to the assessee. Even the brokers who coordinated the transactions were also unknown to the assessee. All these facts give credence to the unreliability of the entire transaction of shares giving rise to such capital gains.

The ratio laid down by the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of Sumati Dayal vs. CIT, 214 ITR 801 is squarely applicable to the case. Though the assessee has received the amounts by way of account payee cheques, the transactions cannot be treated as genuine in the presence of the overwhelming evidences put forward by the Revenue. The fact that in spite of earning such steep profits, the assessee never ventured to involve himself in any other transaction with the broker cannot be a mere coincidence of lack of interest.

Reliance is placed on the judgment in the case of Nipun Builders and Developers Pvt. Ltd. (supra), where it was held that it is the duty of the Tribunal to scratch the surface and probe the documentary evidence in depth, in the light of the conduct of assessee and other surrounding circumstances in order to see whether the assessee is liable to the provisions of section 68 or not.

In the case of NR Portfolio , it was held that the genuineness and credibility are deeper and obtrusive. Similarly, the bank statements provided by the assessee to prove the genuineness of the transactions cannot be considered in view of the judgment of Hon’ble court in the case of Pratham Telecom India Pvt. Ltd., wherein, it was stated that bank statement is not sufficient enough to discharge the burden.

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