ICAI Guidance Note on Tax Audit under Section 44AB of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (Revised 2023) subject to amendments made by law, judiciary or administration, for the subsequent assessment years)


The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) has released its ninth edition of the Guidance Note on Tax Audit under Section 44AB of the Income-tax Act, 1961. This updated edition comes on the heels of substantial legislative, administrative, and judicial changes that have impacted the tax landscape in India. The Guidance Note serves as a vital resource for Chartered Accountants and other stakeholders involved in the tax audit process, delineating a clear roadmap for compliance and ethical practice.

Historical Context

Tax audit provisions under Section 44AB have been a part of the Indian tax landscape since 1984. Over the years, the Direct Taxes Committee (DTC) of the ICAI has periodically issued guidance notes to help Chartered Accountants navigate the evolving complexities of the law. The last such comprehensive update came in 2014, followed by an Implementation Guide in 2018 addressing specific changes.

What’s New

The 2023 edition incorporates changes in law, notifications, circulars, and other directives that have occurred since the last publication. It’s updated to guide Chartered Accountants through the nuances of the current Form No. 3CD and other required documentation like Form No. 3CA/3CB.

The Role of Chartered Accountants

Chartered Accountants play a crucial role in the tax audit process, ensuring the compliance and authenticity of financial statements. Their meticulous examination of financial records is instrumental in compiling the audit report and the particulars in Form No. 3CD.

Commitment to Ethical Practice

The Guidance Note lays heavy emphasis on the need for ethical practice and commitment towards comprehensive and accurate reporting. The DTC has formed various study groups across India, with Central Council Members acting as convenors, to ensure that the revised edition incorporates the best practices in the industry.

Stakeholder Engagement

The DTC actively sought the input of stakeholders in the process, and the ninth edition reflects these contributions. The stakeholders’ involvement ensures that the Guidance Note is both practical and efficient for the Chartered Accountants who will use it.


The 2023 edition of the Guidance Note on Tax Audit under Section 44AB is a significant milestone in tax practice in India. The extensive revisions, updated compliance requirements, and added emphasis on ethical practice make it an indispensable tool for Chartered Accountants. It also reflects the ICAI’s ongoing commitment to maintain high standards in tax practice, taking into account legislative changes and stakeholder feedback. With its release, Chartered Accountants and tax professionals are better equipped than ever to navigate the complexities of the Indian tax landscape.

Download Guidance Note on Tax Audit under Section 44AB of the Income-tax Act, 1961

(Republished with amendments)

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February 2024