The due date for filing income tax return for corporate assessees and other assessees who are required to get their accounts audited under Income Tax Act 1961 or under any other law for the time being in force is 30th September and for others it is 31st July every year as have been prescribed u/s 139(1).
For a layman sometimes it may create doubt if he fails to file his return of Income within due date, whether he can file his return of Income after the due date, especially when he is under no obligation to get his accounts audited under Income Tax Act or under any other law.
The answer to this question is YES. Under section 139(4) a belated return can be filed before the expiry of one year from the end of relevant assessment year or before the completion of assessment whichever is earlier.
But since due to COVID-19 pandemic the due date for filing belated return of FY 2018-19 i.e AY 2019-20 has been extended upto 30th September, 2020
But, where the assessee has some capital loss or loss from business or profession to be carried forward he should file his return of income within the due date as prescribed u/s 139(1). As per section 139(3), no loss shall be allowed to be carried forward under the head Business or Profession or under the head Capital Gain unless the return is filed within the due date as mentioned in section 139(1).
Where return of income is filed after the due date, interest u/s 234A will be payable. But if there is already tax has been deducted from the income of the assessee or advance tax has been paid by the assessee and there remains no tax to be paid after such T.D.S or advance tax then no interest is levied u/s 234A for filing the return after the due date.
Thus if your due date for filing Income tax return was 31st July, 2019 or 30th September, 2019 and you miss to file it within due date you can still file it till 31st July, 2020.
So just geared up because last 2 months are pending!!
Writer is certified and authorized Tax Return Preparer of Income Tax Department of India, Currently he is Managing Director and Founder of ARS Solutions.
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(Republished with Amendments by Team Taxguru)