Case Law Details

Case Name : Shri Deven Chachra Vs. Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax (ITAT Delhi)
Appeal Number : ITA Nos. 4209/Del/2017 and 4210/Del/2017
Date of Judgement/Order : 02/11/2017
Related Assessment Year : 2011- 12 and 2012- 13
Courts : All ITAT (4351) ITAT Delhi (960)

Shri Deven Chachra Vs. DCIT (ITAT Delhi)

In Circular No. 19/2017, paragraph 3, the CBDT has also held that trade advances, which are in the nature of commercial transactions would not fall within the ambit of the word ‘advance’ in Section 2(22)(e) of the Act.

In the case under consideration, the addition u/s 2(22)(e) is made in the case of an assessee who is an individual. Admittedly, no advance or borrowed money is received by the assessee from the concerns in which the assessee is a shareholder. There is a transaction of advancing of money by M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. to the group concerns in the normal course of business. In view of the above decision of Hon’ble High Court of Calcutta as well as CBDT’s Circular, Section 2(22)(e) is not applicable in the facts of the case under appeal before us.

FULL TEXT OF THE ITAT JUDGMENT

These appeals by the assessee for the assessment year 2011-12 & 2012-13 are directed against the order of learned CIT(A)-21, New Delhi dated 18th April, 2017.2. In both these appeals, the assessee has challenged dis allowance under Section 2(22)(e) of the Income-tax Act, 1961 amounting to Rs. 2,84,87,233/- in assessment year 2011-12 and Rs. 6,37,55,557/- in assessment year 2012-13.

3. At the time of hearing before us, it is submitted by the learned counsel that the assessee is a major shareholder in the following companies :-

Sr. No. Name of company Nature of business Assessee shareholding (in %)
i) Superior Films (P) Ltd. Interest income and renting of property 26.91

 

ii) Superior Clothing (P) Ltd. Manufacturer and Exporter of ready made garments 40.9

 

iii) Superior Crafts (P) Ltd. Manufacturer and exporter of ready made garments 30.51

 

iv) Satyam Auto serve (P) Ltd. Authorized dealer of Toyota vehicle sales & service 49

4. That there were business transactions inter- se between these group companies, the details of which is given at page 1 of the assessment order for assessment year 2012-13. For ready reference, the same is reproduced below :-

Sl.No. Name of the company Nature of transaction Percentage share holding of assessee Loan Amount

 

1 Superior Films (P) Ltd. Lender company 26.9%

 

2 Superior Clothing (P) Ltd. Borrower Companies

 

40.9% 23,13,81,230

 

3 Superior Crafts (P) Ltd. Borrower Companies 30.5% 14,89,805

 

4 Satyam Auto serve (P) Ltd. Borrower Companies 49.0% 40,50,395

5. That no money is paid by any of these companies to the assessee. However, the Assessing Officer has made huge additions for deemed dividend u/s 2(22)(e) while the fact remains that no loan is received by the assessee which can be treated as deemed dividend. He further stated that the transactions between M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. and other group companies were business transactions because interest was duly charged by M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. on the money advanced to these concerns during the normal course of business and such interest income was offered to tax in the hands of M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. He pointed out that M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. received interest amounting to Rs. 78,51,725/- from M/s Superior Clothing (P) Ltd. and Rs. 29,650/- from M/s Superior Crafts (P) Ltd. during the assessment year 2011-12 and Rs. 2,62,90,476/- and Rs. 33,11,489/- in assessment year 2012-13. He also stated that even in earlier and subsequent years also, the money was advanced by M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. to these concerns and interest was charged on regular basis. Thus, there was a regular transaction of advancing of money by M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. to the group concerns from whom interest was charged at the normal market rate year after year and the Revenue has also accepted the same as a normal business transaction and did not make any addition u/s 2(22)(e) either in the case of the borrower company or in the case of the assessee in any other year except these two years under consideration, that too, in the case of the assessee who is an individual and who has not borrowed any money. He stated that Section 2(22)(e) is not applicable in respect of a normal business transaction. In support of this contention, he relied upon the decision of Hon’ble High Court of Calcutta in the case of Pradip Kumar Malhotra Vs. CIT – [2011] 338 ITR 538. He also relied upon the Circular No. 19/2017 of CBDT.

6. Learned DR, on the other hand, relied upon the orders of authorities below and he stated that since the assessee has substantial interest in the concerns which advanced the money and also the concerns which received the borrowed money, Section 2(22)(e) of the Act was clearly applicable. He relied upon the decision of learned CIT(A) in this regard and stated that learned CIT(A) has discussed this issue at length and has rightly sustained the addition on account of deemed dividend.

7. We have carefully considered the contentions of both the sides and perused the material placed before us. We find that at page 4 of the assessee’s written submissions, he has given a chart pointing out the interest income received by M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. in the years under appeal as well as in the preceding and subsequent years. This chart gives the details of interest received from the group concern as well as others. For ready reference, the same is reproduced below :-

8. From the above, it is evident that M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. is receiving substantial interest from the group concerns as well as others right from assessment year 2007-08 to 2016-17. From page 6 on wards of the written submissions, the assessee has given the transactions between M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. and other group concerns, from which, it is evident that there were several transactions of the payment and receipt of the money during the years under appeal. Considering the totality of above facts, we have no hesitation to hold that M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. used to advance the money for earning interest income to various concerns which included group concerns also. The advancing of money was a regular course of business for M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd., not only in the years under appeal but also in the preceding as well as subsequent years. In view of the above, we have no hesitation to hold that advancing of money by M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. to the group concerns was during the course of normal course of advancing money for the purpose of earning interest.

9. In the case of Pradip Kumar Malhotra (supra), Hon’ble High Court of Calcutta has held as under :-

“Held, allowing the appeal, that for retaining the benefit of loan availed of from the bank if decision was taken to give advance to the assessee such decision was not to give gratuitous advance to its shareholder but to protect the business interest of the company. The sum of Rs. 20,75,000 could not be treated as deemed dividend.”

10. In Circular No. 19/2017, paragraph 3, the CBDT has also held that trade advances, which are in the nature of commercial transactions would not fall within the ambit of the word ‘advance’ in Section 2(22)(e) of the Act. No contrary decision was brought to our knowledge.

11. In the case under consideration, the addition u/s 2(22)(e) is made in the case of an assessee who is an individual. Admittedly, no advance or borrowed money is received by the assessee from the concerns in which the assessee is a shareholder. There is a transaction of advancing of money by M/s Superior Films (P) Ltd. to the group concerns in the normal course of business. In view of the above decision of Hon’ble High Court of Calcutta as well as CBDT’s Circular, Section 2(22)(e) is not applicable in the facts of the case under appeal before us. We, therefore, respectfully following the above decision of Hon’ble High Court of Calcutta as well as CBDT’s Circular, delete the addition made u/s 2(22)(e) of the Act.

12. In the result, the appeals of the assessee are allowed.

Decision pronounced in the open Court on 02.11.2017.

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Category : Income Tax (25361)
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Tags : ITAT Judgments (4531) Section 2(22)(e) (34)

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