Article explains What is Switching, Benefits of Switching, Tax effect of Switching If the units are held as stock-in-trade and Tax effect of Switching If the units are held as investments.
Hi, almost all of us are aware of investing in Mutual Funds and their respective Tax effects. However, some areas still remain Grey for some and one such area is Switching in Mutual Funds.
It is withdrawal of money from one scheme of Mutual Fund and investing in the other scheme of Mutual Fund without actually bringing withdrawal money to the Bank. Switching can ONLY be done among various schemes of a Mutual Fund Company, thus, only intra-Switching can be done in Mutual Funds. Example: If one has invested in some scheme of Reliance Mutual Fund then Switching of that amount can only be done among other schemes of Reliance Mutual Fund and NOT from one scheme of Reliance Mutual Fund to a Scheme of HDFC Mutual Fund.
As Switch Out is treated as redemption of Mutual fund and a switch in is treated as fresh investment in the Mutual Fund scheme.
Tax effects of switching are mainly same as in the case of withdrawal/redemption because almost everything that happens in case of withdrawal and reinvestment happens in case of Switching except that Money does not pass through the bank account. Capital Gains/(Losses) are Taxed in the similar way as in the case of withdrawal from Mutual Fund scheme. Same method is to be followed for computation of duration of investment.
The taxability of the income on sale/redemption of units and the rates at which such income is taxed is discussed below:
If the units are held by an investor as stock-in-trade of a business, the said income will be taxed at the rates at which the normal income of that investor is taxed. The rates applicable to different investors are discussed at length in Note 1.
On sale of the units of an equity oriented mutual fund (as defined below) on a recognised stock exchange or to the Mutual Fund, the investor will also be charged with securities transaction tax (‘STT’), provided the transaction is also considered as a taxable securities transaction. In other cases, STT is not levied.
Any amount of STT paid in respect of taxable securities transactions entered into the course of business shall be allowed as deduction in computing “business income” in respect of such Taxable securities transactions.
Tax on sale/ redemption of schemes of mutual fund depends on the holding period, again classified in long term or short term. For equity oriented schemes the profits become long term if held for more than 12 months on sale/redemption. The profit on other scheme will become long term if held for more than 36 months. Any profits earned on units sold before the qualifying period is treated as short term
The tax rates applicable on short term or long term capital gains arising on transfer of units of a scheme are as under:
|Nature of income||Tax rate$|
|Short-term capital gains on sale either to the Mutual Fund or on a recognised stock exchange||Capital gains tax to be payable at 15 percent* [applicable to all investors including Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPI)]|
|Long- term capital gains on sale either to the Mutual Fund or on a recognised stock exchange||10% after initial exemption of one lakhs|
* plus surcharge, if applicable and education cess (refer Note 2). In case of non-resident investors, the above rates would be subject to applicable treaty relief.
$ Additionally, STT would be payable at the rates specified in Para on STT.
|Nature of income||Tax rate|
|Short-term capital gains on sale either to the Mutual Fund||Treated like your regular income and are taxed at the slab rates applicable to you|
|Long- term capital gains on sale either to the Mutual Fund||20% after applying cost inflation index to the cost of acquisition|
Thus, while finalising the client’s Statement of Affairs and ITR, one must not only rely on Bank record, one must refer prior years Statement of Affairs and check if any Switching has been done among Mutual Fund schemes, take Tax effect of the same, affect the same in Statement of Affairs and proceed….
(Compiled by CA Sahil Jolly – Jolly & Co. Chartered Accountants, Contact: +91-9999830077, Email : email@example.com)
(Republished with Amendments by Team Taxguru)