Clarification regarding extension of applicability to inter­est on time deposits with banks

1. According to the provisions of section 194A of the Income-tax Act, 1961, any person, not being an individual or HUF, who is responsible for paying to a resident (for non-residents, the provisions are different and are contained in section 195) any income by way of interest other than income by way of interest on securities, shall, at the time of credit of such income to the account of the payee or at the time of payment thereof in cash or by issue of cheque or draft or by any other mode, whichever is earlier, deduct income-tax thereon at the rates in force. These provisions are, however, subject to the exceptions provided in the said section.

2. One such exception, contained in clause (vii) of sub-section (3) of section 194A, hitherto related to interest income credited or paid in respect of deposits with, (i) a banking company to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 applies, or (ii) a co-operative society engaged in carrying on the business of banking (including a co-operative land mortgage bank or a co-operative land development bank).

3. The Finance (No. 2) Act, 1991 has, however, substituted the aforesaid clause with the following clauses with effect from the 1st October, 1991 :

  (vii)   to such income credited or paid in respect of deposits (other than time deposits) with a banking company to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 applies (including any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act);

(viia)  to such income credited or paid in respect of—

    (a)   deposits with a primary agricultural credit society or a primary credit society or a co-operative land mortgage bank or a co-operative land development bank;

    (b)   deposits (other than time deposits) with a co-operative society other than a co-operative society or bank referred to in sub-clause (a),

engaged in carrying on the business of banking.

Explanation : For the purposes of clauses (vii) and ( viia) “time deposits” means deposits (excluding recurring deposits) repayable on the expiry of fixed periods.

4. The effect of the aforesaid change is that income-tax shall now be deductible at source from the interest income on the deposits with, (i) a banking company, or (ii) a co-operative society engaged in carrying on the business of banking, other than a co-operative land mortgage bank, a co-operative land development bank, primary agricultural credit society or a pri­mary credit society. Deduction of tax at source will have to be made from such interest income credited or paid on or after 1st October, 1991. In this connection, the following points may be noted :

    (a)   Deduction of tax is required to be made at the time of credit of interest income to the account of the payee or at the time of payment thereof in cash or by issue of cheque or draft or by any other mode, whichever is earlier.

    (b)   Where the interest is credited in the books of account of the payer, to any account, whether called “Interest payable account” or “suspense account” or of any other name, such credit­ing shall be deemed to be credit of such interest to the account of the payee and tax will have to be deducted at source. Thus, in the case of cumulative time deposits where interest is credited periodically but the payment to the depositor is made only at the time of maturity, tax will have to be deducted at source, every time the credit of interest is made in the account books of the payer/bank.

    (c)   In the case of cumulative deposits made prior to 1-4-1991 no tax is required to be deducted in respect of interest income which relates to the period prior to 1-4-1991.

    (d)   The new provisions are not applicable to interest on savings bank accounts.

5. The rates at which the tax is required to be deducted on income by way of interest other than interest on securities are contained in Part II of the First Schedule to the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1991 and are summarised below :

    (a)   in the case of non-corporate taxpayers, resident in India, at the rate of 10% of the interest income and surcharge thereon, which is at present 12% of such income-tax (thus, the rate of tax deduction will be 11.2%).

    (b)   in the case of domestic companies, at the rate of 20% of the interest income and surcharge thereon, which is at present 15% of such income-tax (thus, the rate of tax deduction will be 23%).

No deduction of tax under certain circumstances.

6. There will, however, be no deduction of tax at source provided the amount of interest income does not exceed Rs. 2,500 during a financial year. [This is in terms of the provisions of clause (i) of sub-section (3) of section 194A]. The limit of Rs. 2,500 is to be worked out with reference to the aggregate of the amounts of interest income credited or paid or likely to be credited or paid during a financial year by a payer to a payee. For the current year the banks will have to take into account the amount of interest paid or credited during the entire period of the finan­cial year 1991-92, and not only the interest paid or credited after the 1st October, 1991.

7. There will also be no deduction of tax at source where the recipient of the interest income, being a resident individual, furnishes a declaration in writing, in duplicate, in Form No. 15H (copy enclosed), to the effect that the tax on his estimated total income of the relevant financial year will be nil (provi­sions of section 197A of the I.T. Act). This declaration is to be furnished to the person responsible for paying the interest income.

8. Besides above, proviso to sub-section (1) of section 194A of the Income-tax Act provides that in the case of a person (not being a company or a registered firm), there will be no deduction of tax at source provided he furnishes (i) an affidavit, or (ii) a statement in writing, in Form No. 15A (copy enclosed) to the effect that his estimated total income for the relevant assess­ment year is below the taxable limit. The statement in Form No. 15A is required to be attested by a Member of Parliament, a Gazetted Officer of the Central or State Government, an officer of any banking company, etc., as indicated in the Form. This provision applies in the case of trusts also which are not compa­nies.

9. Section 197 of the Income-tax Act also provides that in the case of taxpayers other than companies, the Assessing Officer, on an application made to him, can issue a certificate for deduc­tion of tax at a lower rate than the rates in force, or for no deduction of tax at source if he is satisfied that the total income of the recipient so warrants. Where any such certificate is given, the payer of the interest income, e.g., a bank manager during the validity of the certificate, is to deduct income-tax at the rates specified in such certificate or deduct no tax, as the case may be.

Responsibility and procedure for deduction of tax.

10. The responsibility for deducting tax at source in terms of the provisions of section 194A, has been cast on the payer of the interest income in terms of section 204 of the I.T. Act. Where the payer is a company, the company itself including the principal officer thereof will be responsible for deducting tax at source. In the case of banks, which are generally companies, the banks themselves will be responsible for deducting tax at source. However, since the bank branches maintain their separate accounts and pay interest to the depositors, the officer-in-charge of the branch is expected to deduct tax at source and also comply with other legal obligations as discussed in the succeed­ing paragraphs.

11. The procedure regarding deduction of tax at source, is con­tained in sections 200, 201, 203, 203A, 206 and 206A of the Income-tax Act, 1961 and in rules 30, 31, 36A, 37 and 114A of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. According to the provisions of section 200 of the Income-tax Act, any person deducting tax in accordance with the provisions, inter alia, of section 194A, shall pay, within the prescribed time the tax so deducted to the credit of the Central Government. In the case of deduction by or on behalf of the Government, the tax is required to be paid on the day of the deduction itself. In other cases, generally, the payment is to be made within one week of the last day of the month in which deduction is made. In special cases, the Assessing Officer, with the approval of the Deputy Commissioner can also permit a tax-deductor to pay the income-tax deducted at source on quarterly basis. For this purpose, a consolidated application may be made by the head office of the bank, on behalf of all its branches to the concerned Assessing Officer. The Assessing Officer can also grant a consolidated permission in respect of all the branches of the concerned bank. Once such a permission is granted, it will not be necessary for each branch of the bank to obtain separate permission in its case.

If a person fails to deduct tax at source, or, after deducting, fails to pay it to the credit of the Central Government, he shall be liable to action under the provisions of section 201. Sub-section (1A) of section 201 lays down that such person shall be liable to pay simple interest at the rate of fifteen per cent per annum on the amount of such tax from the date on which such tax was deductible to the date on which such tax is actually paid. Further, section 271C lays down that a person who fails to deduct tax at source shall be liable to pay, by way of penalty, a sum, equal to the amount of tax which he failed to deduct at source. In this regard, attention is also invited to the provisions of section 276B of the Income-tax Act which lays down that if a person fails to pay to the credit of the Central Government the tax deducted at source by him, he shall be punishable with rigor­ous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than 3 months but which may extend to 7 years and with fine.

12. Further, according to the provisions of section 203 of the Income-tax Act, 1961, every person responsible for deducting tax at source is required to furnish a certificate to the payee to the effect that tax has been deducted and to specify therein the amount so deducted, the rate at which tax has been deducted and other prescribed particulars. The certificate has to be furnished within the period prescribed by rule 31(3) of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. The certificate for tax deduction under section 194A has to be issued generally within one month and fourteen days from the date of credit or payment of interest, in Form No. 16A (copy enclosed). If the payer fails to furnish this certificate, he shall be liable to pay, under section 272A of the Income-tax Act, by way of penalty, a sum which shall not be less than Rs. 100 but which may extend to Rs. 200 for every day during which the failure continues.

13. Under the provisions of section 203A of the Income-tax Act, 1961, it is obligatory for all persons responsible for deducting tax at source to obtain a tax deduction account number (TAN) from the concerned Assessing Officer, and quote the same in the TDS certificates and the challans and returns relating to TDS. De­tailed instructions in this regard are available in this Depart­ment’s Circular No. 497, dated 9-10-1987. A copy of Form No. 49B, for making the application for obtaining the TAN from the Assess­ing Officer is enclosed for ready reference. If a person fails to comply with the provisions of section 203A, he shall be liable to pay, under section 272BB of the I.T. Act, by way of penalty, a sum which may extend to Rs. 5,000.

14. According to the provisions of section 206 of the Income-tax Act, read with rules 36A and 37 of the Income-tax Rules, the principal officer in the case of every company, the prescribed person in the case of every local authority or other public body or association and every other person responsible for deducting tax under the provisions of Chapter XVII of the Income-tax Act (which includes section 194A) shall, within the prescribed time after the end of each financial year, prepare and deliver, or cause to be delivered to the prescribed Income-tax authority, the annual return of deduction of tax at source. The return in re­spect of tax deducted at source under section 194A is required to be filed by 30th day of June (following the financial year) in which the tax is so deducted. The annual return has to be filed on Form No. 26A. If a person fails to furnish in due time the annual return, he shall be liable to pay, under section 272A of the Act, by way of penalty, a sum which shall not be less than Rs. 100 but which may extend to Rs. 200 for every day during which the failure continues. However, the amount of penalty shall not exceed the amount of tax which was deductible at source.

15.1 Section 206A, read with rule 37AA, provides that a person paying interest to a resident without deduction of tax at source has to furnish an annual return giving details of such interest paid. This return is to be filed in Form No. 27A and is to be furnished within 30 days from the end of the financial year in which such interest has been paid. If a person fails to furnish in due time the annual return, he is liable to pay, under section 272A of the Act, by way of penalty, a sum which shall not be less than Rs. 100 but which may extend to Rs. 200 for every day during which the default continues.

15.2 Further, sub-section (2) of section 197A provides that the person responsible for paying the interest income is to deliver one copy each of the declaration on Form No. 15H, referred to in para 7, to the concerned Chief Commissioner or Commissioner before the 7th day of the month next following the month in which the declaration is furnished to him. Failure to deliver copies of this form will attract penalty under section 272A on the above lines.

Deduction of tax in the case of joint accounts.

16. Doubts may sometimes arise in this connection about the manner of deducting tax at source from interest income on depos­its in joint names. Reference for this purpose may please be made to Board Circular No. 256 dated 29-5-1979. An extract from this circular is reproduced below for ready reference :

” . . . in the case of deposit in joint names, say in two names, in the absence of any proof to the contrary, both the persons can be treated as payees for the purpose of deduction of tax under section 194A of the Act. As such, unless the person paying the interest on such deposit(s) has definite information about the beneficial ownership of the deposit(s), the interest payable under a joint account can be aggregated with the amount of interest payable by that person to any one of the payees in their separate or independent accounts. The persons responsible for deducting the tax are advised that, in the absence of any infor­mation to the contrary, they may aggregate the interest on a joint account with the interest on deposit in the individual’s account who has higher interest income. Thus, if there is a deposit of Rs. 5,000 in a joint account of M/s. XY and there are deposits of Rs. 4,000 in the name of X and Rs. 3,000 in the name of Y with the same payer, the rate of interest being 12% per annum, the payer may aggregate the interest in the joint account amounting to Rs. 600 with the interest of Rs. 480 on the deposit of X and hence the aggregate interest during a financial year exceeds Rs. 1,000 (this limit has since been raised to Rs. 2,500) he may deduct the tax at the prescribed rate. The fact that the joint account may be styled as M/s. YX instead of M/s. XY will not make any difference.”

17. These instructions are not exhaustive and are issued with a view to help the persons responsible for making deduction of tax at source under section 194A of the Income-tax Act. However, where there is any doubt, a reference may be made to the relevant provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961 and the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1991. In case any assistance is needed, the Income-tax Officer concerned or the Local Public Relations Officer of the Income-tax Department may please be approached.

Circular: No. 617, dated 22-11-1991.

FORM NO. 15A

[See rule 29A]

Statement under the proviso to section 194A(1) of the Income-tax Act, 1961, relating to deduction of tax from income by way of interest other than income chargeable under the head “Interest on securities”

*I/We,………………………………………………………………………………………….. , do hereby declare

[name of the person entitled to receive the interest]

that *my/our estimated total income assessable for the assessment year next following the financial year 19…..—19….. will be less than the minimum liable to income-tax.

2. I give below the other necessary particulars :

(a )
Full name and address of the person(s) making
the statement
…………………………………..
(b )
Father’s name
…………………………………..
(c )
Occupation of the person(s) making the statement
…………………………………..
(d )
Name of Income-tax Circle/Ward/District where last assessed to tax (if
not assessed to income-tax at any time, state “NOT ASSESSED”)
…………………………………..

3. I further declare that to the best of my knowledge and belief the information furnished above is correct, complete and is truly stated.

Place………………..
…………………………….
Date…………………
Signature

ATTESTATION BY GAZETTED OFFICER

Certified that the above statement has been signed in my presence by Shri/Sarvashri……………………who *is/are known to me.

Place………………..
……………………………..
Date…………………
Name, designation and signature of the Gazetted Officer

Note: *Delete whichever is not applicable.

FORM NO. 15H

[See Rule 29C(3)]

Declaration under section 197A(1) of Income-tax Act, 1961, to be made by an individual claiming receipt of interest other than “interest on securities” without deduction of tax

I……………, son/daughter/wife of……………….resident of……………….@ do hereby declare—

     1.   that the sums, particulars of which are given below, stand in my name and beneficially belong to me, and the interest in respect of such sums is not includible in the total income of any other person under sections 60 to 64 of the Income-tax Act, 1961:

Name and address of the person to whom the sums are given on interest
Amount of such sums
Date(s) on which such sums were given on interest
Period for which such sums were given on interest
Rate of interest

     2.   that my present occupation is…………………;

     3.   that the tax on my estimated total income including the interest on securities referred to in paragraph 1 above, computed in accordance with the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961, for the previous year ending on ………………. relevant to the assessment year 19…..—19….. will be nil ;

     4.   *that I have not been assessed to income-tax at any time in the past but I fall within the jurisdiction of the Chief Commissioner or Commissioner of Income tax, ………………..;

OR

           that I was last assessed to income-tax for the assessment year 19…..—19….. by the Assessing Officer………………., Circle/Ward/District and the permanent account number allotted to me is………………………;

     5.   that I am resident in India within the meaning of section 6 of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

                 ……………………………………………..

                                 Signature of the declarant

Verification

I………………………………………..do hereby declare that to the best of my knowledge and belief what is stated above is correct, complete and is truly stated.

Verified today, the…………………………………….day of …………………..19…….

Place …………….
……………………………………….
Signature of the declarant

Notes :

1.   @ Give complete postal address.

2.   The declaration should be furnished in duplicate.

3.   *Delete whichever is not applicable.

4.   Before signing the verification, the declarant should satisfy himself that the information furnished in the declaration is true, correct and complete in all respects.

5.   Any person making a false statement in the declaration shall be liable to prosecution under section 277 of the Income-tax Act, 1961, and on conviction be punishable—

     ( i)   in a case where tax sought to be evaded exceeds one lakh rupees, with rigorous imprisonment which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to seven years and with fine;

    (ii)   in any other case, with rigorous imprisonment which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to three years and with fine.

[FOR USE BY THE PERSON TO WHOM THE DECLARATION IS FURNISHED]

1.   Name and address of the person responsible for paying the interest on sums mentioned in Paragraph 1 of the decla­ration

2.   Date on which the declaration was furnished by the declarant

3.   Period for which interest is credited/paid

4.   Amount of interest

5.   Rate on which interest is credited/paid

Forwarded to the Chief Commissioner or Commissioner of Income-tax,…………….

Place……..
……………………………………………………………….
Date………..
Signature of the person responsible for paying interest other than”interest on securities”

FORM NO. 16A

[See rule 31(1)(b)]

Certificate of deduction of tax at source under section 203 of the Income-tax Act, 1961

[For interest on securities; dividends; interest on time deposits referred to in clauses (vii) and (viia) of sub-section (3) of section 194A; insurance commission; payments in respect of depos­its under National Savings Scheme; payments on account of repur­chase of units by the Mutual Fund or Unit Trust of India; commission, remuneration or prize on sale of lottery tickets; commission or brokerage; income from units referred to in section 196B]

Name and address of the person

deducting tax
TDS circle where Annual Return under  section 206 is to  be delivered
Name and address of the person to

whom payment made or in whose
account it is credited
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
……………………………………………….
………………………….
…………………………………………………
………………………….
……………………………………………….
…………………………………………………
………………………….
……………………………………………….
…………………………………………………
………………………….
……………………………………………….
TAX DEDUCTION A/C NO.
NATURE OF
PAN/GIR NO. OF THE PAYEE
OF THE DEDUCTOR
PAYMENT
PAN/GIR NO. OF THE
FOR THE PERIOD …… 19…..
DEDUCTOR
TO 19…..

DETAILS OF PAYMENT, TAX DEDUCTION AND DEPOSIT OF TAX INTO CENTRAL GOVERNMENT ACCOUNT

Date of payment/ credit
Amount paid/ credited (Rs.)
Amount of income-tax deducted

(Rs.)
Rate at which deducted
Date & Challan No. of deposit of tax into Central Government Account
Name of bank and branch where tax deposited

Certified that a sum of Rs. (in words) …………………. has been deducted at source and paid to the credit of the Central Government as per details given above.

Place……………..
………………………………………………………..
Date………………
Signature of person responsible for deduction of tax
Full Name……………………………………..
Designation…………………………………..

FORM NO. 49B

[See rule 114A]

Form of application for allotment of tax deduction account number under section 203A

To

The Assessing Officer,

………………………………………..

………………………………………..

Sir,

Whereas I/we am/are liable to deduct tax in accordance with Chapter XVII under the heading ‘B. – Deduction at source’ of the  Income-tax Act, 1961 ;

And whereas no tax deduction account number has been allotted to me/us;

I/We hereby request that a tax deduction account number be allot­ted to me/us;

I/We give below the necessary particulars :—

1.    Full name and address

2.    Status [whether individual, HUF, company, etc.]

3.    If an individual—

         (a )   name of father (or husband)

         (b )   age

4.    If firm/HUF/AOP/BOI/company, the names and addresses of partners/members/directors

5.    Source(s) of income

6.    Particulars of business, if any :

Name
Address
Nature of business

          (i )   Head Office

         (ii )   Branch(es)

7.    Date on which the tax was last deducted in accordance with Chapter XVII under the heading ‘B.-Deduction at source’ of the Income-tax Act, 1961

8.    The nature of payments from which tax has been or will be deducted

9.    Whether permanent account number has been allotted or not, if so, state the number

 

………………………..
Signed
(Applicant)

 

Verification

I/We,…………………………………………………in my/our capacity as…………………………………………………….

                           [name]                                                                           [designation]

do hereby declare that what is stated above is true to the best of my/our information and belief.

Verified today this the………………………..…….……………..day of…………….…………………19…….at.……………………………….[place]

 

………………………..
Signed
(Applicant)

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Type : Circulars (7831) Notifications/Circulars (32362)

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