prpri Addition on estimation by AO do not call for initiation of penalty Addition on estimation by AO do not call for initiation of penalty

Case Law Details

Case Name : ACIT Vs Remi Electrotechnik Ltd. (ITAT Mumbai)
Appeal Number : ITA No. 6375/Mum/2019
Date of Judgement/Order : 10/06/2021
Related Assessment Year : 2009–10

ACIT Vs Remi Electrotechnik Ltd. (ITAT Mumbai)

Assessing Officer levied penalty under section 271(1)(c) of the Act on estimate basis without any evidence on record with regard to concealment of income. Penalty under section 271(1)(c) of the Act is leviable to be imposed only where the assessee has concealed its particulars of income or furnished inaccurate particulars. Action of making addition on ad–hoc basis does not result into imposition of penalty u/s 271(1)(c) of the Act and hence cannot be termed as either concealment or furnishing of inaccurate particulars of income. We find support from the series of decisions by different High Courts as well the decision of the Co–ordinate Benches of the Tribunal, wherein it was held that when addition is made on estimate basis, penalty is not sustainable in the eyes of law.

The learned Departmental Authorities has not brought any cogent material to prove otherwise warranting interference at the instance of the Revenue. In this view of the matter, we are of the considered view that the learned Commissioner (Appeals) was indeed justified in deleting the penalty, as there was no concealment of income on the part of the assessee have been proved by the Revenue and addition made on estimation by the Assessing Officer do not call for initiation of penalty.

FULL TEXT OF THE ITAT JUDGEMENT

The captioned appeals have been filed by the Revenue challenging two separate orders both dated 24th June 2019,passed by 

the learned Commissioner (Appeals)21, Mumbai, pertaining to the assessment year 200910. 2.When the case was called for hearing, neither the assessee nor any of its authorized representative appeared before us to contest its appeals. There is no application for adjournment either. In this view of the matter, we proceed to dispose off these appeals exparte qua the respondent assessee after hearing the learned Departmental Authorities and on perusal of the record available before us.

ITA no.6375/Mum./2019A.Y. 200910
M/s. Remi Electrotechnik Ltd.

3. Facts in brief:The assessee company is engaged in the business of manufacturing and selling of electrical motors and laboratory equipments. It filed return of income on 25thAugust 2011, declaring total income at Rs. 1,06,25,020. The assessment was completed on 15thDecember 2011, determining total income of Rs. 1,07,38,940. Subsequently, on the basis of information received by the Assessing Officer that the assessee is a beneficiary of accommodation entries provided by hawala operators through bogus purchase billsvarious entities aggregating to Rs. 49,20,896. Accordingly, the Assessing Officer reopened the assessment under section 147 of the Income Tax Act, 1961. During the assessment proceedings, the Assessing Officer called upon the assessee to prove the genuineness of purchases worth Rs. 49,20,896, claimed to have been made during the year from 13parties. Further, to independently verify the genuineness of such purchases, the Assessing Officer issued notices under section 133(6) of the Act to the selling dealers calling for certain information. Further, the Assessing Officer was not satisfied with the evidences furnished by the assessee to establish the genuineness of purchases. Thus, ultimately, the Assessing Officer disallowed the entire amount of Rs. 49,20,896, and added it to the income of the assessee.Since the assessee had indulged in bogus purchase, therefore, the Assessing Officer had reason to believe that the income of Rs. 49,20,896, had escaped assessment within the meaning of section 147 of the Act for the failure on the part of theassessee to disclose fully and truly all material facts necessary for assessment for the previous year relevant to the assessment year 2009–10. Subsequently order under section 147 of the Act was passed on 13thJanuary 2015 and the addition was made on the issue of bogus purchase. Consequently, the Assessing Officer also initiated penalty proceeding under section 271(1)(c)separately. The assessee challenging the addition made by the Assessing Officer filed appeal before the first appellate authority. The learned Commissioner (Appeals) partly allowed the appeal of the assessee and sustained the addition to the extent of `6,15,112, which worked out to 12.5% of the alleged bogus purchase worth Rs. 49,20,896. Consequently, the Assessing Officer issued show cause

notice dated 21st November 2017, under section 271(1)(c) of the Act to the assessee which was responded by the assessee by filing reply vide letter dated 9th February 2018. The Assessing Officer, however, found the said reply of the assessee as untenable. The Assessing Officer considering the submissions of the assessee held that the assessee failed to meet the statutory requirements while preparing and filing return of income. It was also held by the Assessing Officer that the assessee has no new material facts to submit during the penalty proceedings. Therefore, the Assessing Officer was satisfied that the assessee has filed inaccurate particulars of income within the meaning of section 271(1)(c) r/w Explanation1 of the Act. Since the income sought to be evaded is Rs. 5,90,508, therefore, penalty of Rs. 2,00,000, was levied. The assessee challenged the penalty order passed by the Assessing Officer before the first appellate authority.

4. The learned Commissioner (Appeals) considering the reply of the assessee and in view of the facts and circumstances of the case deleted penalty levied by the Assessing Officer for furnishing inaccurate particulars of income in respect of bogus purchase. He was of the considered opinion that the additions on which penalty in dispute has been imposed is purely on estimation basis and the Assessing Officer has not brought any material on record to establish any mala fide intention of the assessee to evade tax in the return of income filed by the assessee. In view of certain judicial pronouncements, the learned Commissioner (Appeals) directed the Assessing Officer to delete the addition of Rs. 2,00,000 on account of penalty levied under section 271(1)(c) of the Act. The Revenue being aggrieved by this order of the learned Commissioner (Appeals), filed appeal before the Tribunal.

5.Considered the submissions of the learned Departmental Authorities and perused the material on record. As it transpires from the record available before us that the Assessing Officer levied penalty under section 271(1)(c) of the Act on estimate basis without any evidence on record with regard to concealment of income. Penalty under section 271(1)(c) of the Act is leviable to be imposed only where the assessee has concealed its particulars of income or furnished inaccurate particulars. Action of making addition on adhoc basis does not result into imposition of penalty u/s 271(1)(c) of the Act and hence cannot be termed as either concealment or furnishing of inaccurate particulars of income. We find support from the series of decisions by different High Courts as well the decision of the Coordinate Benches of the Tribunal, wherein it was held that when addition is made on estimate basis, penalty is not sustainable in the eyes of law. In support of this contention, following case law are relied upon:

i) CIT v/s Norton Electronics Systems (P) Ltd. [2014]41 taxmann.com 280 (Allahabad HC);

ii) ACIT v/s Vision Research Management (P) Ltd., [2015] 63 taxmann.com 8 (Lucknow) (Trib.);

iii) Prem Chand v/s ACIT, [2014] 52 taxmann.com 95 (Chandigarh) (Trib.);

iv) CIT v/s PHI Seeds India Ltd., [2008] 301 ITR0013 (Del);and

v) Dilip N. Shroff v/s JCIT [2007] 291 ITR 519 (SC).

6. The learned Departmental Authorities has not brought any cogent material to prove otherwise warranting interference at the instance of the Revenue. In this view of the matter, we are of the considered view that the learned Commissioner (Appeals) was indeed justified in deleting the penalty, as there was no concealment of income on the part of the assessee have been proved by the Revenue and addition made on estimation by the Assessing Officer do not call for initiation of penalty. Consequently, we uphold the order passed by the learned Commissioner (Appeals) by dismissing the grounds of appeal raised by the Revenue.

7. In the result, Revenue’s appeal is dismissed.

ITA no.6376/Mum./2019A.Y. 200910
M/s. Remi Process Plant & Machinery Ltd.

8. We have heard the learned Departmental Authorities and perused the material on record. We find that, except variation in figures, the facts and circumstances of the issue arising out of the grounds raised in the present appeal are mutatis mutandis identical to the facts and circumstances relating to the issue arising out of the grounds raised by the Revenue in its appeal being ITA no.6375/Mum./2019, for the assessment year 200910, wherein the said issue is decided against the Revenue and in favour of the assessee vide Para5 and 6of this order. Consistent with the view taken therein, we dismiss these grounds also.

9. In the result, Revenue’s appeal is dismissed.

10. To sum up, both the appeals of the Revenue are dismissed.

Order pronounced in the open courton10.06.2021

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