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What is GSTR-9?

GSTR 9 is an annual return to be filed yearly by taxpayers registered under GST. It must be filed by the GST registered taxpayers (including those registered under composition levy scheme). It consists of details regarding the outward and inward supplies made/received during the relevant previous year under different tax heads i.e. CGST, SGST & IGST and HSN codes. Basically, it is a consolidation of all the monthly/quarterly returns (GSTR-1, GSTR-2A, GSTR-3B) filed in that year.

For Composition Registered taxpayers they are required to file Form GSTR-9A.

Also read- Unlocking GSTR 9C

Who should file GSTR 9?

Every Registered person, other than the following

file GSTR 9

What is the due date to file GSTR-9?

GSTR-9 is to be filed on or before the 31st of December of the subsequent financial year. However, the Government has the power to extend this due date to such other date it considers necessary.

GSTR-9 once filed cannot be revised

What is the penalty for the late filing of GSTR-9?

penalty for the late filing of GSTR-9


Q. What are the pre-conditions for filing Form GSTR-9?

Ans:  Following are the pre-conditions for filling Form GSTR-9:

Taxpayer must have active GSTIN during the relevant financial year as a normal/regular taxpayer even for a single day

Taxpayer has filled all the GSTR-1 & 3B of the relevant FY before filling the Annual Return

Q. Can a person file Nil Form GSTR-9?

Ans: Yes, a registered tax payer can file a Nil Form GSTR-9 only if he satisfied the below mentioned things:

  • NOT made any outward supply
  • NOT received any goods/services
  • NO other liability to report
  • NOT claimed any credit
  • NOT claimed any refund
  • There is no late fee to be paid etc.

file Nil Form GSTR-9

Q. Is there any threshold limit to be checked to file GSTR-9?

Ans: No, as per the provisions of GST Act every registered person is required to file GSTR-9 irrespective of his turnover. Even if his turnover is Nil then also they are required to file GSTR-9.

Q. Whether a Taxpayer shall be required to file GSTR-9 even though his registration has been cancelled before 31st March 2018 or his application for cancellation was pending as on 31st March 2018?

Ans: It has been clearly mentioned that every registered person has to file annual   return GSTR-9. Thus it means that every person who registered between July 2017 – March 2018, shall be required to file GSTR-9 providing the details for the period during which he was registered.

Q. If a Taxpayer has obtained more than one GST Registration even though he has a single PAN, then whether GSTR-9 is to be filed at Entity level or GSTIN wise?

Ans: If a Taxpayer has obtained multiple GST Registrations whether in one state or more than one state, it shall be treated as a distinct person in respect of each such registration.

Hence, GSTR-9 is required to be filed separately for each such GSTIN.

Q. If the assesse opts for Composition scheme from normal taxpayer or opts out of the composition scheme to a normal taxpayer during the FY 2017-18, then which Annual return form he has to file GSTR-9 or GSTR-9A?

Ans: Then registered taxable has to file Annual Return in GSTR-9 for first part of the financial year as a regular tax payer and also Form GSTR- 9A for the second part of the financial year as a composite tax payer or vice-versa.

Q. Turnover for the period April 2017 to June 2017 is required to be reported in the Annual Return?

Ans: No, only the details for the period July 2017 to March 2018 are to be provided in annual return. The turnover pertaining to April 2017 to June 2017 would be required to be reported in the Form GSTR-9C as a part of reconciliation with the financial statement.

Q. What should be the Primary source of data for declaration in annual return?

Ans: Annual Return should be prepared based on books of account making correct disclosure. Any transactions which could not be disclosed earlier or on which no tax could be paid through GSTR-3B up to the due date of March 2019, have been permitted to be disclosed in the Annual Return-Part II.

Differential tax liability arising on account of correct disclosure of turnover to be paid through DRC-03.

Further, the auditor may disclose the fact of.

Q. How to file DRC-03?

Ans: Step 1: Login to GST Portal and go to ‘My Applications’ under ‘User Services’.

My Applications’ under ‘User Services’.

Step 2: Select the Application Type as ‘Intimation of Voluntary Payment – DRC-03’ and then click ‘New Application.

‘Intimation of Voluntary Payment – DRC-03’

Step 3: Here select “Cause of Payment*” from (a) Voluntary, (b) SCN and (c) Others & Select the appropriate Section & FY.

Cause of Payment

Step 4: Enter the payment details

The taxpayer has to enter payment details including the interest, penalty and others.

Step 5: The taxpayer has to click on the ‘Proceed to Pay’ button. The voluntary payment page is displayed.

Proceed to Pay

Step 6: Once the amount is entered and paid then select set off button.

Step 7: The taxpayer has to select the ‘Name of the Authorised Signatory and then file the DRC-03 using either DSC or EVC.

Q. What sequence is to be applied for disclosing the value of outward supply in the Form GSTR-9?

Ans: The sequence for arriving the correct disclosure of outward supply is as follows:

  • If supplies and taxes declared and paid till March 2018 – show in Part II of the GSTR-9.
  • If supplies and taxes declared and paid between April 2018 to March 2019 – Disclose in Part V of GSTR-9.
  • If not disclosed in GSTR-3B at all- disclose the value of supply in the Part II, tax payable on such supply in Part IV and pay taxes through DRC-03.

Q. What if the supply was made in the year 2017-18 but invoice was raised toward such supply in the year 2018-19?

Ans: As the invoice has been raised in the FY 2018-19, such supplies would be reported in the Annual Return of 2018-19 not of 2017-18. However, the supplier may be liable to interest for delay in payment of tax on account of delayed raising of invoice.

Q. What treatment has to be made in the Annual Return if taxpayer has made Provision made for unearned income in the books of account at the end of financial year?

Ans: Provision for unearned income is not in the nature of supply of the FY and hence it is not required to be disclosed in the Annual Return. This would be a reconciliation item between audited annual accounts and returns which is required to be disclosed in the GSTR-9C, not in the Annual Return.

Q. Whether credit note issued to registered and unregistered persons needs to be disclosed separately

Ans: A. Credit note issued against B2B supplies needs to be disclosed in Table 4(I)   of Annual Return.

B. Whereas credit note issued to unregistered person i.e. B2C need to be reduced from the supplies and show at net values in table 4(a) of Annual Return.

Table 4(I) of Annual Return.

Q. What if Credit note was issued by the supplier but the same was omitted to be disclosed in the GSTR-3B. Whether the same may be disclosed and adjusted in the GSTR-9?

Ans: There is no provision for disclosure of the credit note in the GSTR-9 unless the same was reported in the GSTR-3B filed till March 2019. Hence, in the absence of the same, the registered person may not disclose such credit note in the GSTR-9.

Q. If a supplier has issued a credit note and the same was taken as ITC instead of deducting from the liability in GSTR-3B. How it should be disclosed in GSTR-9?

Ans: The registered person may show correct output tax liability in Part II Table 4 (after deducting CN) and correct ITC (without including CN) in Table 6. The difference arising between the tax payable and tax paid in Table 9 could be explained as extra tax paid claimed as ITC in GSTR-3B with proper note in the GSTR- 9.

Q. What sequence is to be applied for disclosing details of ITC as declared in returns filed during the financial year in the Form GSTR-9?

Ans: A. ITC availed in GSTR 3B for the period July 2017 to March 2018 has to be disclosed in Table 6 of GSTR-9

B. and ITC relating to FY 2017-18 availed in subsequent FY 2018-19 GSTR 3B would be disclosed in Table 8C of GSTR-9.

Table 8C of GSTR-9

Q. What if The difference between the total amount of input tax credit availed through FORM GSTR-3B and input tax credit declared in row B to H i.e., Table 6J is not Nil?

Ans: If the amount is not zero and a tax liability arises, then it has to be discharged through DRC-03 if not rectified in the next financial year.

Q. Input tax credit has been shown in the books of account but not shown in the GSTR-3B. Whether adjustment is required to be made in the Annual Return?

Ans: Credits availed in books of accounts and not reported in Form GSTR- 3B shall not be reported in the Annual Return. Such credit would be reported in the GSTR-9C and difference has to be explained by the auditor.

Q. Whether HSN details are mandatory for both inward and outward supplies?

Ans: It will be mandatory to report HSN code at :

  • two digits level for taxpayers having annual turnover in the preceding year above Rs.1.50 Cr but up to Rs.5.00 Cr
  • four digits‘ level for taxpayers having annual turnover above Rs.5.00 Cr.

However, It will be optional for taxpayers having annual turnover up to Rs.1.50 Cr.

Note: It may be noted that HSN details are required to be declared only for those inward supplies which in value independently account for 10 % or more of the total value of inward supplies.

Q. Whether the value of exempt supply also required to be considered while concluding the value of HSN summary?

Ans: Table 17 & 18 of the Annual Return provides for reporting of HSN wise summary of outward & inward supplies. It does not provide that the reporting has to done only for taxable supplies. Thus, the HSN wise summary shall also be provided for exempt supplies

Q. Table 8A incorporate details of credits as per GSTR-2A. But there is difference in the auto populated number as per Table 8A and credits as per GSTR-2A. How to identify such differences and reconcile them in the GSTR-9?

Ans: GSTR-2A is a detailed statement of all inward supplies received by the registered persons auto populated based on the details furnished by the counter party. It is important to note that Table 8A of the Annual returns is auto-populated from Form GSTR-2A as on 1stMay, 2019. And there will be difference between the detailed GSTR-2A downloaded from common portal and auto filled number in Table 8A and these could be on account of below:

Unknown purchases- The supplier may have uploaded the invoice with incorrect GSTIN which will be reflected in the GSTR-2A of the taxpayer. This would lead to difference and such difference would have to be shown as ineligible credit in Clause F of Sl. No. 8

There will be some purchases on which credit is ineligible and such difference would have to be shown as ineligible credit in Clause F of Sl. No. 8.

There may be chances the supplier has reported an invoice twice.

Hence, the registered person is required to cross verify the information contained in Table 8A viz a viz GSTR-2A and finally reconcile the ITC based on information auto-populating 8A which is non- editable.

Q. What if a registered person has paid consideration to suppliers and taken credit based on invoice, but the supplier has not uploaded the invoices which is not reflected in the GSTR 2A leading to difference in Clause D of Table 8?

Ans: In such case registered person would not want to forego the credit merely because the supplier has not uploaded the invoices and this would lead to a negative value in Clause D of Sl. No.8.

Value in Clause D of Sl. No.8 is sought to be lapsed. So, there may be positive or negative value in 8D.

Where 8D is positive value, then taxpayer needs to be mindful that that amount is seen as ‘liable to be lapsed’. After suitable opportunity to explain, this amount would need to be lapsed.

And where 8D is negative, taxpayer needs to be equipped with supplier-wise and invoice-wise data as to how conditions of section 16(2) were regarded by taxpayer to be satisfied even though certain amounts are not appeared in GSTR 2A. Hence, it is only reasonable to expect that taxpayer would be allowed opportunity to explain to the department the reasons when 8D is not nil. The copy of invoice (complying with all the conditions stated in Rule 46 of CGST Rules, 2017), the date of payment of consideration to the supplier are the primary documents/ evidences to be safeguarded by the tax payer in a case where value in Clause D of Sl. No. 8 is negative due to failure on the part of the supplier to upload information.

About the Author

Rishabh BhatiaAuthor is Rishabh Bhatia, ACA working as Assistant Manager- Compliances with Neeraj Bhagat & Co. Chartered Accountants, a Chartered Accountancy firm helping foreign companies in setting up business in India and complying with various tax laws applicable to foreign companies while establishing their business in India. Author can be reached at info@neerajbhagat.com.


Author Bio

Neeraj Bhagat & Co. is helping foreign companies in opening up of Liaison/ Branch Office in India and complying with various tax laws applicable to foreign companies while establishing a business in India. Neeraj Bhagat is the founder of Neeraj Bhagat & Co. Chartered Accountants, a Chartered View Full Profile

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July 2024