Case Law Details

Case Name : Fresh and Honest Cafe Limited Vs DCIT (Karnataka High Court)
Appeal Number : Writ Petition No. 51539/2019?(T-RES)
Date of Judgement/Order : 03/12/2019
Related Assessment Year :

Mistake Committed by CA in filing VAT Form 240 not a mistake to attract Section 69[1] of the VAT Act: Karnataka HC

In a recent case of M/s. Fresh and Honest Cafe LTD. V. The Deputy Commissioner [Ct] and Anr. (Karnataka High Court) , a ruling was stated by Justice S. Sujatha (Karnataka High Court) that stats that any mistake said to have been committed by a learned CA in filing VAT Form 240 will not be seen as an intentional mistake and further not levy section 69(1) as court rule by Karnataka high court.

It this case the petitioner was a Pvt. Ltd. company as well as a registered dealer under the Value Added Tax Act, 2003 (Karnataka). Due to inadvertence, CA made a mistake while filing the VAT Form 240, As per the report, the ineligible tax deduction of Rs.6,25,463/- under Section 11 was shown in the form, which actually related to the petitioner’s TDS, it was deducted under the provision of section 18 of the Act by the contractors. After that, the petitioner claimed for the input tax credit (ITC) on the deducted tax amount, which was denied by the authority on the basis of VAT Form 240. Later a rectification application also filed and submitted by the petitioner under Section 69[1] of the Act, which was also rejected by the authority.

The petitioner side contended that the responsible authority doesn’t show any intention to solve the mistake that was very clearly noticeable in the records in filing the VAT Form 240, the same need to be corrected/ solved on the basis of rectification application submitted by the petitioner Chartered Accountant. They further added that the authority is acting hastily in order to recover the tax amount, without caring about the appeal period under the Act for the petitioner to exercise.

On the other hand, the revenue said that the petitioner knocked on the court door without trying the available alternative statutory solutions/ method. On this, the Court also said that “ In this type of case, Provisions of Section 69 can be call-on to short-out the satisfied mistake apparent from the record.” In addition, the court also sheds clarity to Section 69[1] the court mentioned that Section 69[1] will be only considered when there will be any (intentional) mistake from the record while finishing the assessment proceedings by the Prescribed Authority, the Revising Authority or Appellate Authority.

The Karnataka High Court also clarified in addition that “Since the factual aspects involved in the case are analyzed and the certificate is issued by the learned Chartered Accountant, such mistakes, if any in the VAT Form 240 ought to have been brought to the notice of the prescribed authority at the time of the assessment proceedings”.

Fresh and Honest Cafe Limited Vs DCIT (Karnataka High Court)

FULL TEXT OF THE HIGH COURT ORDER / JUDGEMENT

Learned Additional Government Advocate accepts notice for the respondent No.1.

2. The petitioner has assailed the endorsement dated 16.08.2019 and the garnishee proceedings dated 19.11.2019 both issued by the respondent No.1 inter alia seeking a direction to the respondent No.1 to consider the representation of the petitioner dated 14.11.2019 and to pass appropriate orders.

3. The petitioner, a private limited company is a registered dealer under the provisions of the Karnataka Value Added Tax Act, 2003 [‘Act’ for short]taxguru.in. The petitioner is engaged in the business of coffee vending machine and refreshment contracts.

4. It is the contention of the petitioner that by inadvertence, a mistake had crept in, in Form VAT 240 – audited statements of accounts certificate issued by its Chartered Accountant wherein, the ineligible income tax deduction under Section 11 was shown as Rs.6,25,463/- which indeed pertains to the TDS of the petitioner deducted by the respective contractors under Section 18 of the Act. The claim made by the petitioner towards the input tax credit on this deducted tax amount of Rs.6,25,436/- has been denied by the Assessing Authority mainly relying on VAT Form 240. The rectification application filed under Section 69[1] of the Act has been rejected.

5. Learned counsel Smt.Aparna Nandakumar representing the learned counsel appearing for the petitioner would submit that the prescribed authority – respondent No.1 has failed to appreciate the mistake that was apparent from the record in filing the VAT Form 240 taxguru.in and the same ought to have been rectified considering the rectification application submitted by the Chartered Accountant. Learned counsel would further submit that the Department has proceeded with the recovery proceedings by issuing garnishee notice, despite the petitioner has the remedy of an appeal against the endorsement impugned, issued by the respondent No.1 rejecting the rectification application. The respondents are acting hastily to recover the tax amount determined without awaiting for the appeal period provided under the Act for the petitioner to exercise.

6. Learned Additional Government Advocate justifying the orders impugned would submit that the disputed facts cannot be adjudicated under the writ jurisdiction. The petitioner without exhausting the alternative statutory remedy, has approached this Court and hence the writ petition deserves to be dismissed at the threshold relegating the petitioner to avail the alternative and efficacious remedy of appeal available under the Act.

7. Having heard the learned counsel for the parties and perusing the material on record, this Court is of the view that there is considerable force in the submissions made by the learned counsel for the Revenue.

8. The issue involved herein is more related to the factual aspects which necessarily requires to be adjudicated by the Appellate Authority. Moreover, the petitioner has not challenged the assessment order in the present proceedings. The endorsement issued by the respondent No.1 rejecting the rectification application filed under Section 69[1] of the Act is under challenge.

9. It is well settled law that the scope of rectification is very limited. If the authority is satisfied that there is any mistake apparent from the record, the provisions of Section 69 can be invoked to rectify such mistake. Any mistake said to have been committed by the learned Chartered Accountant in filing VAT Form 240 would not be construed as the mistake apparent from the record to attract Section 69[1] of the Act.

10. Since the factual aspects involved in the case are analyzed and the certificate is issued by the learned Chartered Accountant, such mistakes, if any in the VAT Form 240 ought to have been brought to the notice of the prescribed authority at the time of the assessment proceedings. Indisputably, no such attempts have been made by the petitioner to seek rectification of the VAT Form 240 before the conclusion of the assessments by the prescribed authority. Section 69[1] of the Act would attract when there is any mistake from the record while concluding assessment proceedings by the Prescribed Authority, the Appellate Authority or Revising Authority.

11. Hence, the petitioner is permitted to file the statutory appeal before the Appellate Authority. If such an appeal is preferred within a period of two weeks from the date of receipt of certified copy of the order, the same shall be considered by the Appellate Authority on merits without objecting to the period of limitation.

12. In view of the Garnishee notice being issued by the respondent, this Court deems it appropriate to stay the Garnishee notice until the Appellate Authority decides the application to be filed by the petitioner seeking stay of the demand pursuant to the assessment orders impugned herein, subject to compliance of Section 63[4] of the Act.

With the aforesaid observations and directions, writ petition stands disposed of.

Registry shall return the original impugned orders/Annexures to the petitioner, keeping the photocopies of the same for the record purposes.

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