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Case Law Details

Case Name : Suresh Kumar Jain Vs Sales Tax Officer Class II Avato & Anr (Delhi High Court)
Appeal Number : W.P.(C) 3558/2024
Date of Judgement/Order : 11/03/2024
Related Assessment Year :

Suresh Kumar Jain Vs Sales Tax Officer Class II Avato & Anr (Delhi High Court)

Introduction: The case of Suresh Kumar Jain Vs Sales Tax Officer Class II Avato & Anr pertains to a dispute arising from a Show Cause Notice (SCN) issued under the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (CGST Act). The petitioner challenges the order dated 29.12.2023, which disposed of the SCN and raised a demand of Rs. 4,70,512.00 against him, including penalties.

Detailed Analysis: The petitioner contends that the original SCN, issued on 21.07.2022, did not afford him a personal hearing despite discrepancies of Rs. 54,704.56/- regarding Input Tax Credit (ITC) mismatch between GSTR-24 and GSTR-3B. A reply was filed on 04.08.2022, along with proof of payment, but the petitioner was served attachments to the SCN dated 26.09.2023 without considering his response. Although a detailed reply was submitted on 22.10.2023, the impugned order dated 29.12.2023 failed to address it adequately, terming it unsatisfactory without proper examination.

The High Court observed that the impugned order lacked sustainability as it didn’t consider the detailed reply provided by the petitioner. The Proper Officer’s opinion that the reply was unsatisfactory appeared arbitrary, indicating a lack of application of mind. Furthermore, the petitioner was not given an opportunity to clarify or furnish additional details, rendering the order unjust.

In light of these discrepancies, the High Court set aside the impugned order and remitted the matter to the Proper Officer for re-adjudication. It directed the Officer to specify the required details/documents from the petitioner, who would then furnish explanations and documents accordingly. The Proper Officer was instructed to re-adjudicate the SCN after providing an opportunity for a personal hearing and to pass a fresh order within the prescribed period under Section 75(3) of the CGST Act.

Conclusion: The judgment in Suresh Kumar Jain Vs Sales Tax Officer highlights the importance of affording taxpayers a fair opportunity to be heard and ensuring proper consideration of their responses in GST proceedings. The High Court’s decision underscores the principle of natural justice and procedural fairness, emphasizing the need for thorough examination and reasoned orders by tax authorities.


1. Petitioner impugns order dated 29.12.2023, whereby the impugned Show Cause Notice dated 26.09.2023, proposing a demand against the petitioner has been disposed of and a demand of Rs. 4,70,512.00 including penalty has been raised against the petitioner. The order has been passed under Section 73 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (hereinafter referred to the Act).

2. Learned Counsel for the Petitioner submits that on 21.07.2022 Petitioner was issued a Show Cause Notice under Section 61 of the Act, with regard to discrepancies of Rs. 54,704.56/- on account of mismatch of ITC between GSTR-24 and GSTR-3B as per ASMT-10. However, the said notice did not provide the Petitioner a personal hearing.

3. He further submits that a reply dated 04.08.2022 was filed by the Petitioner against the Show Cause Notice dated 21.07.2022, explaining the claim of excess ITC along with proof of payment of Rs. 23,380/-.

4. He further submits that without considering the reply and without providing an opportunity for hearing Petitioner was served with attachments to the Show Cause Notice dated 26.09.2023 along with DRC-01.

5. He submits that a detailed reply dated 22.10.2023 was filed to the Show Cause Notice dated 26.09.2023, however, the impugned order dated 29.12.2023 does not take into consideration the reply submitted by the petitioner and is a cryptic order.

6. Perusal of the Show Cause Notice shows that the Department has given separate heading of excess claim Input Tax Credit [ITC]. To the said Show Cause Notice, a detailed reply was furnished by the petitioner giving full disclosures under the said head.

7. The impugned order, however, after recording the narration, records that the reply uploaded by the tax payer is not satisfactory. It merely states that: “And whereas, the taxpayer had filed their objections/reply in DRC-06 but he failed to avail the Personal Hearing opportunity on the given due date. On the basis of reply uploaded by the taxpayer, it has been observed that the same is incomplete, not duly supported by adequate documents and unable to clarify the issue. As such, taxpayer is not entitled to get benefit on the basis of its plain reply which is not supported with proper calculations/reconciliation and relevant documents. Since, the reply filed is not clear and satisfactory, the demand of tax and interest conveyed via DRC-01 is confirmed, with the direction to deposit the amount mentioned in DRC- 07 within one month from the date of receipt of this demand notice, failing which recovery proceedings u/s 79 of CGST Act will be initiated and the actions as per law will be initiated without further reference.” The Proper Officer has opined that the reply is unsatisfactory.

8. The observation in the impugned order dated 29.12.2023 is not sustainable for the reasons that the reply filed by the petitioner is a detailed reply. Proper officer had to at least consider the reply on merits and then form an opinion whether the reply was not satisfactory. He merely held that the reply is not satisfactory which ex-facie shows that Proper Officer has not applied his mind to the reply submitted by the petitioner.

9. Further, if the Proper Officer was of the view that reply was not satisfactory and further details were required, the same could have been specifically sought from the petitioner, however, the record does not reflect that any such opportunity was given to the petitioner to clarify its reply or furnish further documents/details.

10. In view of the above, the order cannot be sustained, and the matter is liable to be remitted to the Proper Officer for re-adjudication. Accordingly, the impugned order dated 29.12.2023 is set aside. The matter is remitted to the Proper Officer for re-adjudication.

11. As noticed hereinabove, the impugned order records that petitioner has not furnished the requisite details. Proper Officer is directed to intimate to the petitioner details/documents, as maybe required to be furnished by the petitioner. Pursuant to the intimation being given, petitioner shall furnish the requisite explanation and documents. Thereafter, the Proper Officer shall re-adjudicate the show cause notice after giving an opportunity of personal hearing and shall pass a fresh speaking order in accordance with law within the period prescribed under Section 75 (3) of the Act.

12. It is clarified that this Court has neither considered nor commented upon the merits of the contentions of either party. All rights and contentions of parties are reserved.

13. Petition is disposed of in the above terms.

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April 2024