1. Deemed Exports
Under Section 147 of CGST Act, 2017, it refers to those transactions in which the goods supplied do not leave the country and the payment for such supplies is received either in Indian rupees or in free foreign exchange.
2. Essential conditions of Deemed Exports
i. It is applicable only for the supply of goods.
ii. Supply of goods should only be in India.
iii. Supply of goods are only to the registered person.
iv. Supply of goods must be fall under the Section 147 of CGST Act, 2017.
v. Payment of supply of goods is either received in Indian currency or in foreign exchange.
3. Documents Required for Claiming Refund on Exports
1. Copy of return evidencing payment of duty
2. Copy of invoice
3. Document proving that the burden of paying tax has not been passed on (CA certification or self-certification).
4. Any other document required by the government.
4. What is Duty Drawback?
Under GST, the duty drawback would only be available for the custom duty paid on imported inputs or central excise paid on certain petroleum or tobacco products used as inputs or fuel for captive power generations.
5. Duty Drawback Scheme
The duty drawback scheme seeks to rebate duty or tax chargeable on any imported/excisable materials and inputs services used in the manufacture of export goods.
The duty Drawback is of three types:-
i) All Industry Rates
ii) Brand Rates
iii) Special Brand Rates
i) All Industry Rates
The All industry Rates (AIR) is essentially an average rate based on the average quantity and value of inputs and duties (both excise and customs) borne by them and service tax suffered by a particular export products.
All Industry Drawback rates are fixed under Rule 3 of Drawback Rules by considering average quantity and value of each class of inputs imported. Average amount of customs duties is considered. These rates are fixed for broad categories of products. The rates include drawback on packing materials.
All industry duty drawback rate shall not exceed 33% of market price of export goods- rule 9 of Customs and Central Excise Duties Drawback Rules, 2017.
ii) Brand Rate
It is possible to fix All Industry Rate only for some standard products. It cannot be fixed for special type of products. In such cases, brand rate is fixed under rule 6 of Customs and Central Excise Duties Drawback Rules, 2017.
Provisional drawback can be obtained on execution of bond. Provisional rate can be fixed under rule 6(2) of Customs and Central Excise Duties Drawback
Rules, 2017 by principal
commissioner/commissioner of customs.
According to Rule 9 Duty Drawback Rate shall not exceed 33% of market price of export goods.
iii) Special Brand Rates
All industry Rates is fixed on average basis. Thus, a particular exporter may find that the actual customs duty paid on inputs is higher than all industry Rate fixed for his product. In such case, he can apply under Rule 7 of Customs and Central Excise Duties Drawback Rules, 2017 for fixation of Special Brand Rate, within three months from export.
6. Duty Drawback under GST
A duty drawback was provided under the previous laws for the tax paid on inputs for the export of exempted goods. Claiming the duty drawback was a cumbersome process. Under GST, the duty drawback would only be available for the customs duty paid on imported inputs or central excise paid on certain petroleum or tobacco products used as inputs or fuel for captive power generation. There was some confusion surrounding the refund of the tax paid by exporters on the inputs.
No amendments have been made to the drawback provisions (Section 74 or Section 75) under
Customs Act 1962 in the GST regime. Hence, the drawback scheme will continue in terms of both Section 74 and Section 75. Option of All Industry Rate (AIR) as well as Brand Rate under Section 75 shall also continue.
Drawback under Section 74 will refund Customs duties as well as Integrated Tax and Compensation Cess paid on imported goods which are re-exported.
At present Duty Drawback Scheme under Section 75 neutralizes Customs duty, Central excise duty and Service Tax chargeable on any imported materials or excisable materials used or taxable services used as input services in the manufacture of export goods. Under GST regime, Drawback under Section 75 shall be limited to Customs duties on imported inputs and Central Excise duty on items specified in Fourth Schedule to Central Excise Act 1944 (specified petroleum products, tobacco etc.) used as inputs or fuel for captive power generation.
A transition period of three months is also being provided from date of implementation of GST. During this period, existing duty drawback scheme under Section 75 shall continue. For exports during this period, exporters can claim higher rate of duty drawback (composite AIR) subject to conditions that no input tax credit of CGST/IGST is claimed, no refund of IGST paid on export goods is claimed and no CENVAT credit is carried forward. A declaration from exporter and certificate from jurisdictional GST officer in this regard has been prescribed in the notification related to AIRs. This will prevent double availement of neutralisation of input taxes. Similarly, the exporter can claim brand rate for Customs, Central Excise duties and Service Tax during this period.
Exporters also have the option of claiming only the Customs portion of AIR and claim refund/ITC under GST laws.
The certificates from jurisdictional GST officer as referred above may not be available during initial days. As per Systems design, whenever higher rate (composite rate) of drawback is claimed, the non-availment of credit certificate is a mandatory document and unless it is recorded as available, shipping bill will not move to LEO stage. In such a situation, all field formations shall ensure that exports are not delayed for requirement of the said certificate. The way out in such situation for the exporter is to amend the shipping bill to claim lower rate. The exporter will have an option to file supplementary claim as per Drawback Rules at a later date once the certificate is obtained.
Secondly, it could be possible that export goods may be manufactured by using both Central Excise/Service Tax paid and CGST/IGST paid inputs and inputs services or only CGST/IGST paid inputs and inputs services. In such situation, an exporter opting to claim composite rate of duty drawback during transition period has to give specified declaration and produce certificates as stated above so that he does not claim double benefit. Exporter will have to reverse the ITC if any availed and also ensure that he does not claim refund of ITC/IGST. Requisite certificate from GST officer shall also be required to this effect. As mentioned earlier, exporters will also have option of claiming credit/refund of CGST/IGST and claim Customs rate drawback.
Duty drawback provisions are made to grant rebate of duty or tax chargeable on any imported/excisable materials and inputs services used in the manufacture of export goods. With GST in place, the export industry in India would be able to have internationally competitive prices due to the smooth process of claiming input tax credit and the availability of input tax credit on services.