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Case Law Details

Case Name : Shafi Khan Khokhar Vs State of Maharashtra & Ors. (Bombay High Court)
Appeal Number : Writ Petition No. 2951 of 2018
Date of Judgement/Order : 21/12/2018
Related Assessment Year :

Shafi Khan Khokhar Vs State of Maharashtra & Ors. (Bombay High Court)

High Court upholds jurisdiction of Mumbai CGST Commissionerate even in case where parallel proceedings were commenced in Jaipur

Facts: During the period of dispute, the assessee, an individual, was subjected to enquiry proceedings under CGST Act, initiated by the Commissionerate at Mumbai. He was issued summons in this regard, u/s 14 of the CEA 1944 and Section 70 of the CGST Act. The Assessee claimed that he was already facing enquiry by the GST authorities at Jaipur Commissionerate. Accordingly, he filed the present writ, contesting what he termed to be parallel proceedings running against him.

The Hon’ble High Court held as under

The Assessee is registered at Mumbai & is subject to jurisdiction of the Mumbai Commissionerate. Merely because the Assessee has his primary business at Jaipur, this does not determine the issue of jurisdiction. Moreover, Section 25 of the CGST Act provides for separate registration for each state. Hence where both registration taken & services rendered are at Mumbai, the Assessee is subject to jurisdiction of Mumbai Commissionerate. Thus no intervention is warranted in the proceedings launched by it.


1. This petition under Article 226 of the Constitution of India seeks to challenge an enquiry initiated by respondent No. 2 – The Superintendent of CGST & Central Excise (AE) Mumbai. This by issuing summons to him dated 28.9.2018 under Section 14 of the Central Excise Act, 1944 and Section 70 of the Central Goods & Services Tax Act, 2017.

2. The basic contention of the petitioner is that he is already being subjected to enquiry by CGST Authorities at Jaipur who have issued him a summons dated 7.9.2017. In the above view, it is his contention that two parallel proceedings / enquiries under the same subject are without jurisdiction. Thus, the enquiry by respondent No. 2 in Mumbai being later in point of time be quashed.

3. Jetly, the learned counsel for respondent Nos. 2 and 3 points out that the petitioner has responded to the impugned summons dated 28.9.2018. Further he has also made a statement before the authorities on 18.1.2018. Thus, the petition need not be entertained.

4. It is an undisputed position before us that the petitioner has taken registration under the CGST Act 2017 & Finance Act, 1994 (service tax) in Mumbai. Thus, having taken registration, he is subject to the jurisdiction of Mumbai authorities in respect of the business which he has carried out within jurisdiction of the authority. It is the case of the petitioner that primarily his business is at Jaipur. This, however, would not determine the issue of whether or not respondent No. 2 has jurisdiction. This is more particularly so as Section 25 of the CGST Act 2017 provides for a separate registration in respect of each state. Once registration has been taken in Mumbai and some services have been rendered in Mumbai, then the petitioner is subject to the jurisdiction of Mumbai Authorities. Thus, no interference with the investigation by the respondent No. 2 at Mumbai is warranted.

5. Accordingly, the petition is dismissed. However, it is made clear that in respect of documents which are sought by respondent No. 2 at Mumbai, if the originals of the same have been given to the authorities at Jaipur (on production of evidence), then the production of the zerox copies of the same will be accepted by the Authorities at Mumbai as sufficient compliance.

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