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What is a Start-up?

A start-up is formed to bring a novel company idea to life. The new idea is intended for commercial use. The company is established in the market, and then substantial considerations are devoted to earnings. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are for profit only.

The startup is a novel concept in India and around the world. It differs from traditional business and, to some extent, mirrors it. Yes, it possesses both characteristics. A start-up is built on the principles of creativity and novelty. A start-up’s purpose is to establish a product in the market for an extended period of time.

In simple terms, a start-up is a firm that is founded on a novel idea. The term “new idea” refers to the concept of doing business in a unique way that provides the best experience for the consumer. Furthermore, it is anticipated from a start-up that the business idea not be replicated.

What is an MSME/SME?

Micro, Small to medium-sized businesses, or MSME. Historically, SMEs have operated in the service and manufacturing sectors. The primary goal of starting a business in the SME sector is to turn a profit. Small and medium-sized businesses (SME) can start turning a profit right away.

The SME firm does not take an innovative strategy; rather, it is founded on market need and the quantity of clients. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) are also known as small businesses, medium-sized businesses, and so on.

SME is a traditional firm that is run solely for profit. An SME firm can be a grocery store owner on your neighborhood or an entrepreneur who melts steel and makes steel kitchenware. At the same time, there are significant distinctions between start-ups and SMEs.

How they are Different from Each other:


Start-ups MSME/SME
Definition A start-up is a type of business, and a company is regarded as one for ten years after it registers. Any technology is a start-up in the field of discovery, development, processing, or commercialization of new goods or services based on intellectual property or technology. The total revenue for the fiscal year is not more than 100 crores. There are 2 companies classified as SME. Small and medium-sized businesses. At the time of lockdown, the meaning of MSME was modified. The following describes what a SME-covered enterprise is:

Definition of Small Enterprise: A small unit enterprise is one with an investment of up to Rs 10 crore and an annual turnover of up to Rs 50 crore. This term applies equally to the manufacturing and service industries.

Definition of Medium Enterprise: A medium enterprise is defined as an industry with an investment of up to Rs 30 crore and an annual turnover of up to Rs 100 crore. This definition applies to both the manufacturing and service industries.

Profit A start-up is formed to bring a novel company idea to life. The new idea is intended for commercial use. The company is established in the market, and then substantial considerations are devoted to earnings. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) are solely for profit. SMEs might range from opening a business to establishing a medium-sized power facility. The goal of establishing all of this is for profits to begin on the first day, which is what happened.
Power As previously stated, a start-up represents a new company concept. It is an extremely labor-intensive and collaborative effort by many people. Running a start-up demands a large number of individuals to work together at the same time. This is not the case for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SME). Because a SME can include both a shop and a medium-sized manufacturing. The major power is exerted here in accordance with the requirements. However, in a SME, a person can operate alone and earn earnings based on his or her needs.
Fund Raising Startups want to quickly demonstrate the viability of their business strategy, and they need capital to do so. Startups are created with modest beginnings and with a specific goal in mind. The vision of the founder does not include ideas like holding onto power within the business. Angel and venture capitalist investors will provide cash as the start-up expands, and they will do so by purchasing stock in the business. The founder will eventually lose control over the business as they move on to new ideas and challenges. Small businesses receive the same type of funding as start-ups in their early phases. But unlike the latter, the founder is interested in regaining control of the business. To expand his business while maintaining control, he will look for business financing from various financial institutions, such as NBFCs.
Business Objective A start-up is little at first, but it has a tremendous ambition. It was created to demonstrate how the business model can have a significant impact on the existing market. Start-up founders envision their company expanding into a massive, disruptive enterprise that will restructure a current industry or create a new one entirely. SMEs stick to a well-trodden road and do not deviate from it. They are well-structured businesses that adhere to a well-known and well-established business model. Small business owners are concerned with increasing profits through providing value to their customers. The easiest approach to accomplish this is to pursue a stable and profitable business model and secure a financially viable market position for a long period, as well as to obtain business finance to fund the company’s expansion.
Risk Factor This is one of the primary distinctions between these two sorts of businesses. Start-ups claim to have huge potential, a high return on investment, and to bring about revolutionary changes in the industries in which they operate. Any firm attempting to disrupt an entire industry with a unique idea is taking a risky route. Small businesses are not known for taking risks. They take a path that has already been walked a million times with proven results. As a result, they are far more stable than start-ups and provide regular profits with a significantly lower risk profile.
Technology Startups are innovators in their own right. They are seeking hitherto unexplored concepts. As a result, the equipment they use must be more advanced than what is currently available in the business in order to achieve their objectives. SMEs do not require cutting-edge equipment to make products or provide an already existing service in the market. As a result, they can use traditional technology and only upgrade their equipment if they seek better efficiency in pursuit of higher financial gains.

Conclusion: From the above information we get to know that both of these business models were started by entrepreneurs and initially might have the same appearance. But their fundamentally dissimilar ideologies set them apart right away, making them as dissimilar as chalk and cheese. Their explicit goals and methods for obtaining funding further set them apart from one another.

The above article has been written by Mr. Omkar Bandivdekar (CMA Aspirant) and reviewed by Mr. Suyash Tripathi (Chartered Accountant) and they can be reached at and

Author Bio

Mr. Suyash Tripathi is a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI). He has an experience in the fields of Income Tax, International Taxation, Company Law, Banking, Finance etc. He has been conducting Statutory & Tax audit, Internal audit of large & medium scale Limited View Full Profile

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April 2024