Blockchain is the new buzzword in virtually every industry – banking, investing, healthcare, education, insurance, real estate, government, travel, etc.
While it is best known for its underpinning of the cryptocurrency phenomenon, the technology itself has far wider applications, and industries are poised to incorporate it into their business processes. It provides an incorruptible ledger of identities, transactions, documents, assets, etc., and thus offers a new way to record, store, and share data of all kinds.
For the entire buzz around blockchain and its transformative potential for the profession, accountants should bear in mind that it’s an evolution, not a revolution. Blockchain is not a threat to accounting, but it is an opportunity to have something new and better that could change the working of Industry.
We are still at the early stages of the adoption of blockchain technology but it is becoming increasingly clear that it is transforming the infrastructure that underpins financial services and other industries. For the accounting profession, the impact could be particularly fundamental, with blockchain finally superseding a system of financial governance and control that’s been around for the best part of 2,000 years: double-entry bookkeeping.
Blockchain provides an immutable and transparent record of all accountancy-based data, it offers an opportunity for accountants and Chartered Accountant firms to streamline their processes and audits, while ensuring that the records are accurate and truthful. This is an amazing improvement over traditional accountancy procedures that can be fraught with errors and fraud.
The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) has announced its plans to re-skill around 1.20 Lakh of its members in various technologies such as Data Analytics, Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain. This is indeed a praiseworthy move by the institute. ICAI believes that Blockchain has the potential to impact auditing and accounting greatly and the members need to be prepared for these emerging trends.
It is being believed that Blockchain will render auditing redundant, but it is far from the truth. On the contrary, Blockchain is all set to increase the responsibility of auditors. Certain tasks will surely be eliminated in the process and the role of an auditor will evolve in the Blockchain ecosystem. For the tasks that will be automated, auditors will still have to use their professional judgment and scrutinize the estimates. They will also need to evaluate internal controls to test the authenticity of the data. In a nutshell, Blockchain will change the way auditors operate, it will enhance the quality of the audit, but the objective of an auditor’s job will continue to be relevant.
Blockchain ecosystem not only has the power to transform the existing audit process but also to create new roles for auditors in the future. Some of these will be:
Blockchain technology is already disrupting a number of industries, and it is here to stay. Though in its infancy, its applications will only continue to increase. But will it make accountants irrelevant? No, but it will change the way in which accountants do their work – much like computers have continued to change the ways in which everyone does work. So, we should embrace this new technology and promote it to clients and potential employers.
(Author Deepak Joshi is a CA Final Student and can be reached at [email protected] )