Dayal R Kundani

Implementation of Supreme Court Decision-case of Fiat India Ltdby CBEC vide Circular No. 979/03/2014-CX dated 15-01-2014


CBEC issued Circular No. 979/03/2014-CX dated 15-01-2014 clarifying implementation of Supreme Court Decision in the case of Fiat India Limited.

Through this Circular CBEC Clarifies as under on Implementation of FIAT Ruling:

Facts of each case to be considered

  • Fiat Ruling was rendered in a unique set of facts where the cars were sold at prices substantially lower than manufacturing cost for a continuous period of five years. Further, lower prices were adopted with the objective of market penetration.
  • The Supreme Court has cited two instances where a manufacturer may sell goods at lower prices and yet the declared value can be ac­cepted

(i)    company switching over business and

(ii)    where goods could not be sold within reasonable time]

Guidelines [mandate] for verification by Excise officers

1. The Circular has laid down the broad procedure /parameters to be adopted by the Excise officers during the audit of units. The following key aspects may be looked into by audit party for determining whether the facts are similar to the facts and circumstances of Fiat case:

  • Percentage of loss at which sale took place
  • Period for which loss making price prevailed
  • Reasons for sale at loss making price
  • Whether sales are contrary to standard and accepted business practices
  • Whether sale is leading to erosion of capital of the company

2. The Cost Accounting Standard – 4 (“CAS4”) may be adopted for computing manufacturing costs. A certificate from a Cost Accountant / Chartered Accountant should normally be accepted and special cost Audit or summoning of cost data to be adopted in exceptional cases

Applicability of FIAT Ruling for past periods

  • In the Fiat Ruling, even though no additional consideration was received from the buyer, sale of cars at abnormally lower price has been considered as extra-commercial consideration. Considering this interpretation of the Supreme Court, the Circular clarifies as follows:
Period Clarification
For the period prior to August 29, 2012 (date of Fiat judgment) Extended period of limitation not to be invoked only on the basis of Fiat Ruling
For the period after August 29, 2012 Declaration of transaction value (as assessable value) in case of facts similar to Fiat Ruling would be considered as willful mis-statement of assessable value.
  • These guidelines would be adopted by the Excise Officers in future at the time of audit.
  • It is important for us to carry out an analysis of pricing of products lines/ types (especially products sold at a loss, if any).

Please note that it is very important Circular and one really needs to verify aspect of cost and sale prices of products. In case the sale prices  are less than cost, We need to verify and have analysis based on the said aspect. It is advised to keep such analysis on continues basis as it may be now one of the mandatory requirement for Central Excise and  even for Statutory Audit as well.

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