Government of India
Ministry of Commerce & Industry
Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion
FDI Policy Section
Press Note No. 1 (2018 Series)
Subject: Review of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) policy on various sectors
The Government of India has reviewed the extant FDI policy on various sectors and made following amendments in the Consolidated FDI Policy Circular of 2017 (FDI Policy), effective from August 28, 2017, and as amended from time to time.
2. Prohibition of restrictive conditions regarding audit firms
Para 5.2 (h) of FDI Policy is replaced with the following:
Wherever the foreign investor wishes to specify a particular auditor/audit firm having international network for the Indian investee company, then audit of such investee companies should be carried out as joint audit wherein one of the auditors should not be part of the same network.
Existing Para 5.2 (h) shall be renumbered as 5.2 (i)
3. Foreign investment into an Indian company engaged only in the activity of investing in the capital of other Indian company/ies
(A) Para 220.127.116.11 of FDI Policy is amended to read as under:
Foreign Investment in Investing Companies registered as Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFC) with the Reserve Bank of India, being overall regulated, would be under 100% automatic route.
(B) Para 18.104.22.168 of FDI Policy is amended to read as under:
Foreign Investment in Core Investment Companies (CICs) and other investing companies, engaged in the activity of investing in the capital of other Indian company/ies/LLP, is permitted under Government approval route. CICs will have to additionally follow RBI’s regulatory framework for CICs.
4. Competent Authority for FDI proposals examining countries of concern
Para 4.1.1 (ix) of FDI Policy is amended to read as under:
5. Civil Aviation
A. Note (iii) at Para 5.2.9 of FDI Policy which presently reads that “the policy mentioned at para (c) above is not applicable to M/s Air India Ltd.”, stands deleted.
B. Following new clause (d) is added to Other Conditions laid down at Para 5.2.9 of FDI Policy:
(d) In addition to the above conditions, foreign investment in M/s Air India Pvt. Ltd shall be subject to the following conditions:
(i) Foreign investment(s) in M/s Air India Pvt. Ltd., including that of foreign airline(s), shall not exceed 49% either directly or indirectly.
(ii) Substantial ownership and effective control of M/s Air India Pvt. Ltd. shall continue to be vested in Indian Nationals.
6. Construction Development: Townships, Housing, Built-up Infrastructure and Real Estate Broking:
Following new clause (vi) is added after Note (v) at Para 22.214.171.124 of FDI Policy:
Para 126.96.36.199 Note (vi):
Notwithstanding anything contained in Para 5.2.10 above, it is clarified that real-estate broking service does not amount to real estate business and 100% foreign investment is allowed in the activity under automatic route.
7. Single Brand Product Retail Trading
Para 188.8.131.52 of FDI Policy is amended to read as under:
8. Power Exchanges
Para 184.108.40.206 regarding “Other Conditions” for foreign investment Power Exchange sector/activity the present clause (i) “FII/FPI purchases shall be restricted to secondary market only;” stands deleted.
(A) Definition of “Medical Device” as contained at Para 220.127.116.11 Note (ii) of FDI Policy is amended to read as under:
Medical device means –
(a) any instrument, apparatus, appliance, implant, material or other article, whether used alone or in combination, including the software, intended by its manufacturer to be used specially for human beings or animals for one or more of the specific purposes of –
(i) diagnosis, prevention, monitoring, treatment or alleviation of any disease or disorder;
(ii) diagnosis, monitoring, treatment, alleviation or assistance for, any injury or disability;
(iii) investigation, replacement or modification or support of the anatomy or of a physiological process;
(iv) supporting or sustaining life;
(v) disinfection of medical devices;
(vi) control of conception,
and which does not achieve primary intended action in or on the human body or animals by any pharmacological or immunological or metabolic means, but which may be assisted in its intended function by such means;
(b) an accessory to such an instrument, apparatus, appliance, material or other article;
(c) in-vitro diagnostic device which is a reagent, reagent product, calibrator, control material, kit, instrument, apparatus, equipment or system, whether used alone or in combination thereof intended to be used for examination and providing information for medical or diagnostic purposes by means of examination of specimens derived from the human bodies or animals.
(B) Para 18.104.22.168 Note (iii) of FDI Policy which presently reads that “the definition of medical device at Note (ii) above would be subject to the amendment in Drugs and Cosmetics Act”, is deleted.
10. Para 6(iv) of Annexure-3 of FDI Policy is amended to read as under:
Issue of equity shares for sectors requiring Government approval under the FDI policy is allowed under the Government route for the following:
(I) import of capital goods/ machinery/ equipment (excluding second-hand machinery), subject to compliance with the following conditions:
(a) Any import of capital goods/machinery etc., made by a resident in India, has to be in accordance with the Export/Import Policy issued by Government of India/as defined by DGFT/FEMA provisions relating to imports.
(b) The application clearly indicating the beneficial ownership and identity of the Importer Company as well as overseas entity.
(c) Applications complete in all respects, for conversions of import payables for capital goods into FDI being made within 180 days from the date of shipment of goods.
(11) pre- operative/pre- incorporation expenses (including payments of rent etc.), subject to compliance with the following conditions:
(a) Submission of FIRC for remittance of funds by the overseas promoters for the expenditure incurred.
(b) Verification and certification of the pre- incorporation/pre- operative expenses by the statutory auditor.
(c) Payments should be made by the foreign investor to the company directly or through the bank account opened by the foreign investor as provided under FEMA Regulations.
(d) The applications, complete in all respects, for capitalization being made within the period of 180 days from the date of incorporation of the company.
(i) All requests for conversion should be accompanied by a special resolution of the company.
(ii) Government’s approval would be subject to pricing guidelines of RBI and appropriate tax clearance.
(iii) For sectors under automatic route, issue of equity shares against import of capital goods/ machinery/ equipment (excluding second-hand machinery) and pre- operative/pre- incorporation expenses (including payments of rent etc.) is permitted under automatic route subject to compliance with respective conditions mentioned above, and reporting to RBI in form FC-GPR as per procedure prescribed under the FDI policy.
11. The above decision will take effect from the date of FEMA notification.
Joint Secretary to the Government of India
D/o IPP File No.: 5/2/2018-FDI Policy, dated 23rd January, 2018
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