As per PIB Press Release, during F.Y. 2017-18 ROCs identified and removed from the ROC the names of 2,26,166 companies; 3,09,619 directors disqualified.
2nd drive to be launched during the current financial year 2018-19; a total 2, 25,910 companies identified for being struck-off.
ROC’s has issued several notices in form STK-5 in the month of May and June, 2018 u/s 248(4) of Companies Act, 2013. Notices has been sent to those Companies, which according to ROC have not been carrying on any business or operation for a period of two immediately preceding financial years.
The main thrust of this editorial is “TO DISCUSS THE FAQ’S, FOOD FOR THOUGHT FOR THE SAME”
A. If Company doesn’t reply ROC Notice what are the consequences of same?
I. Whether ROC can strike off the status of Company?
Ans: As per Notice of ROC u/s 248(1), this notice is first step toward struck off of Company. If Company fails to reply such notice within 30 days of publication of notice (i.e. 17th July, 2018 in case of publication of Delhi ROC) ROC shall struck off the name of Company in its records.
II. Whether Director shall be disqualified?
Ans: As per Section 164(2) if a company fails to file its Financial Statement or Annual Return for continuous 3 financial years, in such case Directors shall be disqualified.
In this case, if Company has fails to file financial statement and annual return for continue 3 financial year then directors shall be disqualified, if default is only for 2 years then directors shall not be disqualified.
III. Personal Liability Director/ Manager/ Officer/ Members.
Ans: As per Section 248(&) “The liability, if any, of every director, manager or other officer who was exercising any power of management, and of every member of the company dissolved under sub-section (5), shall continue and may be enforced as if the company had not been dissolved”
In general words, liability of Directors, manager, other officers and Members of the Company shall be continue even after struck off of Company.
Hence, one can opine that they shall be personally liable for all the statutory and other liabilities of the Company. (Eg. Statutory liability like: Payment of Roc Fees, payment of income tax liability, penalty for non filing of financial statements and annual returns etc.)
IV. Cessation of Bank Account of Company?
Ans: If a Company struck off in the record of ROC. Then ROC simultaneously send letter to Banks for cessation of Bank account of Company in the entire Bank. “Earlier when roc struck off approx 2.5 lakh companies has taken the same action’
V. Companies shall not be able to carry on business, sale/ purchase any assets, bank transactions.
Ans: If a Company once struck off in the record of ROC, then such Company:
B. What shall be impact of disqualification of Director on other companies in which they are continuing as Directors?
Ans: Detailed answer of this question has been already covered in the below mentioned article. (In simple word disqualified director automatically vacant office from all other companies)
C. Everything about provision of Disqualification of Director?
Ans: Detailed answer about disqualification of director covering section 164 and 167 can be read on the below mentioned link:
D. Whether directors of the Company could be personally liable for non compliance like non filing of financial statement or annual return after strike off of Company?
Ans: As per Section 166 Director have to adhere the duties mentioned in such section. He has to work in best interest of Company, employee, shareholders, community etc. If directors fail to file Annual forms as an officer in default they shall be liable for the penalties/ prosecution. In case company got struck off they shall be personally liable for such statutory liabilities.
E. Whether Company can be strike off without completion of annual filing.
Ans: As per section 560 of the Companies Act, 1956, Registrar of Companies may strike off the name of companies on satisfying the conditions therein. As per Section 560, a company desirous of getting its name struck off has to apply to Registrar of companies in e-form 61. All pending statutory returns are required to be filed along with e-form 61.
In order to give an opportunity for fast track exit by a defunct company, for getting its name struck off from the register of companies the Ministry has decided to modify the existing route through e-form – 61 and has prescribed the new Guidelines. The Guidelines for “Fast Track Exit mode” for defunct companies.
Therefore, from the above provisions it is clear that before 7th June, 2011 (FTE Scheme) if company desired to go for strike off it was mandatory to file all pending statutory returns (Annual Filing Form). But then w.e.f. 7th June, 2011 by FTE scheme a company can go for Fast Track Exit without completion of pending statutory returns, even a dormant company could apply for FTE as discussed in above question.
Latest Provisions: In the latest provisions of Section 248 and in respective rules language are same as was in section 560 of Companies Act, 1956. Section 248 states the provisions of strike off of the Company not for Fast Track Exit of the Company.
One can interpret that if a Company wants to apply for Strike off u/s 248 first it has to file all the pending statutory returns.
Difference between FTE Scheme, 2011 and Companies Strike Off u/s 248
|S. No.||Particulars||Provisions under FTE Scheme||Provisions under Section 248 of Companies Act, 2013 along with rules.|
|1.||Link for Circular/ Rules||General Circular No. 36/2011 Dated: 7th June 2011||
Companies from the Register of Companies) Rules, 2016.
|2.||Not Carrying Business & Activity||Is not carrying over any business activity or operation for last one year before making application under FTE.||not carrying on any business or operation for a period of two immediately preceding financial years|
|3.||Dormant Company||Any defunct company identified as dormant by the MCA, may apply for
getting its name strike off
|There are no such Provisions in Section 248.|
|4.||Completion of Pending Statutory Return||Not- required to file pending statutory returns before apply for Strike Off.||Required to file pending statutory before apply for Strike Off.|
(Author – CS Divesh Goyal, GOYAL DIVESH & ASSOCIATES Company Secretary in Practice from Delhi and can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org)