Amit Mundhra, FCA, ISA(ICAI)

Service tax provisions in respect to “Works Contracts” have undergone major changes after introduction of new service tax regime. Works contract in itself is a very lengthy subject and law relating to Works Contract in Service Tax is available in a very scattered way. I am trying to summarize all the legal provisions relating to Works Contract in this new service tax regime in a series of articles. This article is the second one in the series. If you have not read the first article, you can view it by clicking here.

I am covering following points in this article.

  • Valuation of service portion in works contract
  • CENVAT Credit availability in works contract
  • Point of Taxation in Work Contract Service


Section 67 of the Finance Act covers the “Valuation of taxable services for charging service tax”. We can summarize this section 67 as follows.

Relevant Clause

Type of Consideration

Mode of Valuation

67(1)(i) Where provision of service is for a consideration in money “Gross Amount Charged” by the service provider for such service provided or to be provided by him. 
67(1)(ii) Where provision of service is not for wholly in money or for partly in money  “Gross Amount Charged” plus money value of the “Consideration in kind”
67(1)(iii) Consideration not ascertainable As may be determined in the prescribed manner.

 Definition of relevant terms

Term Definition
Consideration “Consideration”includes any amount that is payable for the taxable service provided or to be provided. 
Gross Amount Charged “Gross Amount Charged” includes payment by cheque, credit card, deduction from account and any form of payment by issue of credit notes or debit notes and book adjustment, and any amount credited or debited, as the case may be, to any account, whether called “Suspense A/c” or by any other name, in the books of accounts of a person liable to pay service tax, where the transaction of taxable service is with any associated enterprise. 


As the value of service portion in a works contract is generally not ascertainable, the valuation of Works Contract Service will always be governed by Section 67(1)(iii) where the government has prescribed “Service Tax (Determination of Value) Rules, 2006” for the valuation.

RULE 2A of “Service tax (Determination of Value) Rules, 2006 governs the valuation of “Works Contract Service”, which is summarized as follows.

Rule 2A gives two options for determination of value of Works Contract Service. These are;

  1. Segregation Method
  2. Composition Method


Following is the formula for calculation of Works Contract Service under Segregation Method.


Value of Works Contract Service




Gross Amount Charged



Value of property in Goods Transferred


Value of Service Portion of Works Contract


Gross Amount Charged for the works contract


Value of property in goods transferred in the execution of the said works contract


Shall Include


–          Labour charges


–          Sub contractor charges for labour & services


–          Planning, designing and architect’s  Fees


–          Machinery and tools hire charges


–          Consumables i.e. water, electricity, fuel used


–          Cost of establishment of contractor related to labour and services


–          Profit portion pertaining to labour and services.

Shall not include


–          VAT or sales tax paid or payable


Where VAT or sales tax is paid or payable on the actual value of property in goods transferred, such value adopted can be taken as Value of Property in goods transferred under this rule.


Following is the formula for calculation of Works Contract Service under Composition Method.


Value of Works Contract Service





Total Amount Charged




Specified % rate



Total Amount Charged






Gross Amount Charged

(As defined earlier)





The fair market value of all goods and services




Fair Market Value of all goods and Services




The fair market value of all goods and services supplied in or in relation to the execution of the works contract



The amount Charged for such goods or services if any + VAT or Sales tax levied thereon.

 Following is the specified % rate for different types of works contracts.


Nature of Works Contract

Specified % rate on which tax is payable

1 Works contract for execution of original works i.e.


–          All new constructions


–          All types of additions and alterations to abandoned or damaged structures on land that are required to make

them workable


–          Erection, commissioning or installation of plant, machinery or equipment or structures whether prefabricated or otherwise







2Works contract for


–          Maintenance or repairs or

–          Reconditioning or restoration or

–          Servicing







3Works contract not covered above and including



–          Maintenance, repair,

–          Completion and finishing i.e. glazing, plastering,

–          Floor and wall tiling,

–          Installation of electrical fitting









Following key points can be summarized in respect to above methods of valuation of works contract service.

Integration of Valuation with State VAT Laws

It seems that, the government has drafted these two methods of valuation after taking into consideration the various state laws applicable for works contract. Generally, for VAT purpose, the state laws have these 2 types of methods, in which a person can either adopt the “Segregation Method” or “Composition / Exemption Method”.

The government has integrated the valuation rule with state laws, which is in my view a good step to reduce the taxation conflict between the “State Government” and “Central Government”.

Assessee can use different method for different contracts

The assessee has liberty to choose the method of valuation for every separate works contract he is entering. For one works contract, he can choose “Segregation Method” and for other he can use “Composition Method”.


Under rule 2A of Service Tax (Determination of Value) Rules, 2004, explanation -2 provides as follows.

“for the removal of doubts, it is clarified that the provider of taxable service shall not take CENVAT credit of duties or cess paid on any inputs, used in or in relation to the said works contract, under the provisions of CENVAT credit rules, 2004”

Key Points

CENVAT credit on Inputs not Allowed

As per explanation 2 of the determination of valuation rules, the provider of works contract service cannot take CENVAT credit of inputs (goods) used in relation to the execution of works contract.

As per earlier provisions, the service provider had the option to pay service tax on full value of contract and thereafter claim CENVAT credit on inputs (goods) used in execution of works contract.

But this option has not been provided in the rules applicable from 01.07.2012. Thus, in effect, the service provider in any case cannot claim the CENVAT credit of inputs (goods) used in execution of works contract.

CENVAT credit on Input Services and Capital Goods Allowed

As per explanation 2 of the determination of value rules, there is no restriction on claiming the CENVAT credit of Input Services and Capital Goods. Thus the provider of works contract service can claim CENVAT credit of Input Services and Capital Goods as per the CENVAT Credit rules 2004.


After 01-07-2012, the payment of service tax is governed by section 68 of the Finance Act. The point of taxation rules, 2011 have been prescribed under section 68.

What is Point of Taxation

The point of taxation is the point when the liability for payment of service tax becomes due/ payable to the government.

We can summarize the point of taxation rule in following way.



Point of taxation

1 Where invoice for the service is issued within 30 days from the “Completion of taxable service”

Tax will be payable at the time of issue of invoice.2Where invoice for the service is issued after 30 days from the “Completion of taxable service”

Tax will be payable at the time of completion of provision of service3Where payment is received by the service provider before raising the invoice or before completion of provision of service

Tax will be payable at the time of receipt of advance amount, to the extent of such amount

 What the term “Completion of provision of service” means:

Completion of provision of service

This term is not defined anywhere under the service tax law but, as per departmental clarification in circular no. 144/13/2011 S.T. dated 18-06-2011 it has been clarified that;


“This would include not only the physical part of providing the service but also the completion of all other auxiliary activities that enable the service provider to be in a position to issue the invoice. Such auxiliary activities could include activities like measurement, quality testing etc. which may be essential pre-requisites for identification of completion of service. The test for the determination whether a service has been completed would be the completion of all the related activities that place the service provider in a situation to be able to issue invoice. However such activities do not include flimsy or irrelevant grounds for delay in issuance of invoice.”


Thus generally above clarification will govern the meaning of the term “Completion of provision of service”.

 “Completion of provision of service” in case of “Continuous Supply of Service”

In proviso to rule 3 of Point of Taxation Rules, an exception / deeming provision has been created to define the term completion of provision of service. It seems that this proviso is coming at wrong place. Its better place should have been in Rule 4A of the Service Tax Rules, 1994.

Meaning of “Completion of provision of service” in case of “Continuous supply of service”

As per proviso to Rule 3 of “Point of Taxation Rules”


“In case of continuous supply of service where the provision of the whole or part of the service is determined periodically on the completion of an event in terms of a contract, which requires the receiver of service to make any payment to service provider, the date of completion of each such event as specified in the contract shall be deemed to be the date of completion of provision of service.”


 Works Contract Service is a Continuous Supply Service

As per rule 2(c) of Point of Taxation Rules, 2011, the term “Continuous Supply of Service” is defined as below.

“Continuous Supply of Service” means any service which is

–          Provided or to be provided continuously or on recurrent basis, under a contract for a period exceeding three months with the obligation of payment periodically or from time to time, or

–          Where the central government, by a notification in the official gazette, prescribes provision of a particular service to be a continuous supply of service, whether or not subject to any conditions.

As per notification No. 38/2012 dated 20.06.2012, the government has notified following 2 services which shall be deemed to be “Continuous Supply of Service” w.e.f. 01-07-2012.

–          Telecommunication Services

–          Service portion in execution of a works contract.

Thus, it is clear that the “Works Contract Service” in any case will be deemed to be continuous supply of services under the Point of Taxation Rules, 2011 and accordingly provisions related to Continuous Supply of Service will be applicable on it.

In summary, in case of works contract service, if the contract or work order provides specific dates by which certain amount of work is to be completed and payment is to be released, then the date mentioned in the contract will be deemed to be the date of completion of provision of service for the purpose of service tax.

Amit Mundhra, FCA

Author is a Fellow member of the ICAI and he can be reached at

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0 responses to “Service Tax on Works Contract -Valuation –Cenvat Credit -Point of Taxation after 01-07-2012”

  1. PIYOOSH says:

    if we have paid 5.6 % service tax to work contractor then can we take credit of 5.6 % service tax for making our service tax liability

  2. Ruby says:

    Can a Service reciver take the cenvat credit on works contract service, after the paymnet of 50% liability of service tax ?

  3. Manas Roy says:

    My firm is registered u/s zzq. In my invoices, 50% of the service tax component is shown as PURCHASER’S CONTRIBUTION. My question is how to adjust this “Purchaser Contribution” in service tax return (ST3). Please help

  4. P L Mehta says:

    Dear sir
    We are taking works contracts from the govt.we are depositing service tax on monthly turnover,taking 40percent of the turnover@12.36percent.We are also depositing the sales tax returns after deducting the 40percent labour Portion from the turn over the sales tax department is not agreed on 40 percent deduction but allowing labour actually paid by us.

    Now my question on this subject to you sir that I have to pay service tax and vat on my total contract
    Value Not on 110or120 percent on my contract value. Do you think we can take refund of service tax afterwards. Or we should fight with the sales tax department in the court.
    PL Mehta 9876333567


    tAX @4%=50000*4/100=2000
    Sir, tax on profit is right or wrong?

  6. Vishwanath karli says:

    Sir I want to Service tax is applicable for Govt works,
    Govt works is given to Sub contractor that time is applicable the Service tax.
    But applicable the Service tax only for the labour part or taxable part please help us sir,

  7. Sapnesh Shah says:

    Need help to understand taxation on Vehicle/Car Paint Job

    One of the Toyota Authorised service station has charged me tax on Car Paint job as follows
    1. VAT @ 12.50% on 80% of Painting Charges +
    2. Service Tax @ 12.36% on 70% of same painting Charges.

    is this valid and legal Because they have charged different taxes on same paint job. appreciate your quick reply

  8. SUBHASH CHAND says:

    Amit Sir

    I have query for availing of CENVAT Credit.
    i am looking acccounts of Contractor who is providing service to the Developer in Hydro Sector.
    I have query in relation of contractor that we are Receiving Service Tax from Developer and also paying Service Tax to Subcontractors.
    Should we avail CENVAT Credit benefits or not.

    Subhash Chand

  9. Pukhraj says:

    pls clear me I have Received work order in composition Scheme 4.944% service tax, but I have subletting less 25% profit margin to other contractor on work contract composition scheme., this condition how much my laibility of service tax.

    please clear that I can take credit from my contractor service tax.

  10. deepika says:

    whether we can avail credit of service tax paid for hiring of machinery in a works contract service?

  11. CA AHTESHAM ALAM says:



  12. Subash Chander Jain says:

    We are making rubber rollers and we also rubberising/rubber coating /repairing and re-conditioning of rubber rolls. It means we we get the old rubber roll from the corporate houses for the repairing/recoating purpose. For this job we have to use or consume at least 65% to 70% the material for which we are charging CST on the basis material consumed plus service charges @12.36% on the rest of the portion i.e. 35% or 30% with a narration on the closing the invoice:
    (Specimen of the Invoice)

    Retail Invoice
    Total Sale 1000.00
    Taxable Sale 650-00 CST@ 2% 13-00 CST 13.00
    Job Work Chg 350-00 Ser. Tax@12.36% 43.26 Ser. Tax@12.36% 21.63
    Rounded Off +00.37
    50% of the service charges to be paid by the recipient of the ser. Tax

    So Kindly guide us if any amendment is required

    Thanks and regards

    Subash Jain Prop. Mahavir Industries Ludhiana 09814137673

  13. srs says:

    This is with reference to the above captioned subject

    there are about 100 people those who have purchased the appartments have paid the service tax to the service tax Department through the developer in 2007-08 & 2008 – 09, based on the demand given by the developer. The developer also has deposited the service tax to the government. Later, there was a clarification through a Govt. circular that the service tax in connecting with the construction of residential complex is not applicable. Based on this service tax position prior to 1st july 2010 reg, there is a clarification which i could able to find out thru website issued by Commissioner of Central Excise, Pune-III, Trade Facility No. 1/2011, dated 15-2-2011 stating that

    With effect from 1-7-2010 (the Finance Act, 2010), an explanation has been inserted below sub-clause (zzzh) of section 65(105) to clarify that unless the entire consideration for the property is paid after the completion of construction (i.e. after issuance of completion certificate by the competent authority), the activity of construction would be deemed to be a taxable service provided by the builder/promoter/developer to the prospective buyer and the service tax would be charged accordingly .
    And he clarifies that:
    (a) Where services of construction of Residential Complex were rendered prior to 1-7-2010 no Service Tax is leviable in terms of para 3 of Boards Circular number 108/02/2009-S.T., dated 29-1-2009. The Service of Construction of Residential Complex would attract service tax from 1-7-2010. Despite no service tax liability, if any amount has been collected by the builder as “Service Tax” for Services rendered prior to 1-7-2010, the same is required to be deposited by the builder to the Service tax department. Builder can not retain the amount collected as Service Tax.
    (b) For services rendered after 1-7-2010 for which payment has been or is made after 1-7-2010, service tax is leviable and builder is liable to deposit the service tax to the service tax department. The only exception to this is provided within the parenthesis () in the “Explanation” in para 3.
    (c) For services rendered after 1-7-2010 for which payment was made prior to 1-7-2010, service tax has been exempted by the Govt. based on documentary evidence vide notification no. 36/2010-S.T., dated 28-6-2010 as amended. Therefore, this benefit can be availed by builders on the basis of documentary evidence.

    Commissioner of Central Excise, Pune-III, Trade Facility No. 1/2011, dated 15-2-2011

    In this situation where the service tax refund case stands for.

    I have made severe follow-up pn 2-3 occassions since no one ready to give any help let me know what needs to be done, to get back this service tax refund.

    Please help



  14. Bhaskaran Chakrapani Warrier. says:

    Very much useful. Read 1st and 2nd. Thanks Amit Ji. Awaiting new articles.

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