Held that the Service tax is paid on the basis of the revenue realized towards the provision of the taxable services and not on the basis of the revenue recognition.
During the audit of the records of the appellant it was observed that appellants had not paid the service tax dues. Accordingly, the adjudicating authority issued a show cause notice and demanded the service tax amount including interest and penalty. It was also alleged that CENVAT credit of Rs. 10,43,77,114/- availed on/ or utilized should be disallowed and recovered u/r 14 read with section 73.
The entire demand has been made on the basis of the entries recorded in the book of accounts toward the expected revenue and expense recognition and not on the basis of the actual amounts realized against the contracts undertaken by the appellant.
Held that the Service tax is paid on the basis of the revenue realized towards the provision of the taxable services and not on the basis of the revenue recognition. Impugned order do not point out a single case whereby the amounts realized by the appellant against any of the project undertaken by the appellant were not reflected in their ST-3 return. ST-3 return is based on the revenues realized by the appellant during the period of the return and not on the basis of revenue recognition. Accordingly, we do not find any merits in the impugned order.
FULL TEXT OF THE CESTAT KOLKATA ORDER
This appeal is directed against order in original 98/COMMR/ST-II/KOL/2016-17 dated 13.01.2017. By the impugned order Commissioner has held as follows:
4.1 I confirm the demand of Service Tax (including Cess) amounting to Rs. 58,14,51,192/- (Rupees Fifty-eight Crore Fourteen Lakh Fifty-one Thousand One Hundred Ninety Two) only in terms of Section 73(2) of the Finance Act.1994, as amended as discussed in para- 3.9 above;
4.2 I order to pay interest on the amount confirmed in para-4.1 above, at the appropriate rate and for the appropriate period in terms of Sec 75 of the Finance Act, 1994, as amended;
4.3 I impose penalty of Rs. 58,14,51,192/- (Rupees Fifty-eight Crore Fourteen Lakh Fifty-one Thousand One Hundred Ninety Two) only in terms of Section 78 of the Finance Act, 1994, as amended; if the demands confirmed above and the interest payable thereon are paid by the notice within thirty days of the date of communication of this order, the amount of penalty under Sec 78 shall be 25% of the Service Tax so determined. The benefit of reduced penalty shall be available only if the amount of penalty so determined has also been paid within the period of thirty days referred above;
4.4 I disallow the Cenvat Credit (including Cess) and confirm the demand amounting to Rs. 18,01,047/-(Rupees Eighteen Lakh One Thousand Forty-seven) only on availing of inadmissible Cenvat credit in terms of Rule 14 of the Cenvat Credit Rules, 2004 read with Section 73(2) of the Finance Act, 1994 as amended, as discussed in para-3.7.5. I drop the demand for recovery of Cenvat credit (including Cess) of Rs.10,25,76,067/-( Rupees Ten Crore Twenty-five Lakh Seventy-six Thousand Sixty Seven) only for the reasons discussed in para-3.7.5 above;
4.5 I order to pay interest on the amount of Cenvat credit disallowed in paragraph in 4.4 above at the appropriate rate and for the appropriate period in terms of Section 75 of the Finance Act, 1994 read with sec.14 of the Cenvat Credit Rules, 2004;
4.6 I impose penalty of Rs. 18,01,047/-(Rupees Eighteen Lakh One Thousand Forty-seven) only in terms of Rule 15(3) of the Cenvat Credit Rules, 2004 read with Section 78 of the Finance Act, 1994 as amended: if the demands confirmed above and the interest payable thereon are paid by the notice within thirty days of the date of communication of this order, the amount of penalty under Sec 78 shall be 25% of the penalty of Rs. 18,01,047/-(Rupees Eighteen Lakh One Thousand Forty seven) only. The benefit of reduced penalty shall be available only if the amount of penalty so determined has also been within the period of thirty days referred above;
4.7 I drop the demand of Interest of Rs.7800/- (Rupees seven Thousand Eight Hundred) only, for the reasons discussed in para-3.8.2 above; I appropriate the amount of Rs. 35,64,560/-(Rupees Thirty-Five Lakh Sixty-Four Thousand Five Hundred Sixty) only as payment towards interest liability, as discussed at paragraph-3.8.3 above;
4.8 I direct the noticee to apply to the concerned Divisional Asst. Commissioner/ Deputy Commissioner immediately from communication of this order, to regularize the issue of quoting of wrong Codes in the challans for payment of interest, as discussed in para- 3.8.3 above.”
2.1 Appellant is providing services under the taxable category of Maintenance and Repair Services, Erection, Commissioning or Installation Services, Construction of Residential Complex Services, Work Contract Services etc.
2.2 During course of audit of the records of the appellant it was observed that appellants had not paid the service tax due on the amounts as indicated in the table below during the period
|Issue||Description||Service tax including Cess|
|I||Comparison of SAP Project wise Trial Balance and ST-3 returns||125314751|
|II||Comparison of SAP Project wise Trial Balance of LABOUR Charges and Erection Charges and ST-3 returns||10324614|
|III||Mobilization Advance Received||129258456|
|IV||Unbilled Revenue Received||316553370|
|V||CENVAT Credit availed over and above as under respective head of trial balance||104377114|
|VI||Interest on delayed payment of service tax||3572360|
2.3 A show cause notice dated 29.01.2015 was issued to the appellant asking them to show cause as to why:
i. Service tax including Education cess and SHE cess amounting to Rs 58,14,51,191/- (Rupees Fifty Eight Crore Fourteen Lakhs Fifty One thousand One Hundred and Ninety Two only) should not demanded and recovered from them under Section 73(1) of the Finance Act, 1994 read with 1st proviso to the said section.
ii. Interest on the above amount at an appropriate rate should not be charged and recovered from them under Section 75 of the said act;
iii. Penalty under section 78 of the said act should not be imposed upon them for failure to pay Service Tax including Education Cess & SHE Cess by wilful suppression of material facts with intent to evade payment of service tax.
iv. Total Cenvat credit of Service Tax, E Cess & SHE Cess of Rs 10,43,77,114/- (Rupees Ten Crore Forty Three Lakhs seventy seven thousand one hundred and fourteen only) availed an/ or utilized by the M/s SPML should not be disallowed and recovered from them under Rule 14 of The CENVAT Credit Rules 2004 read with Section 73 of the said act.
v. Interest on the above amount of Rs.10,43,77,114/-(Rupees ten crore forty three lakh seventy seven thousand one hundred and fourteen only) should not be paid by M/s SPML under Rule 14 of the Cenvat Credit Rules 2004 read with Section 75 of the said act.
vi. Penalty under Rule 15(3) of the Cenvat Credit Rules 2004 read with Section 78 of the said act should not be imposed upon M/s SPML for irregular availment and/or utilization of cenvat credit by way of willful suppression of material facts with intent to evade payment of service tax.
vii. Interest of Rs. 35,72,360/- (Rupees thirty five lakh seventy two thousand three hundred and sixty only) should not be paid by M/s SPML on the amount of service tax paid belatedly.
2.4 The show cause notice was adjudicated as per the impugned order referred in para 1, above. Aggrieved appellants have preferred this appeal.
3.1 We have heard Shri Bhaskar Thakkar, Chartered Accountant for the appellant and Shri J Chattopadhyay, Authorized Representative for the revenue.
3.2 Arguing for the appellant learned counsel submits that:
|Issue Involved||Argument||Evidence Reference|
|Service Tax liability on unbilled revenue amount||Wrong Interpretation of unbilled revenue by the department as much as unbilled revenue is considered as realised and not recognised in Para 3.6.2.||1) Accounting Standard (AS -7) 2) ISS Catering Services(South) Pvt. Ltd. [2016 (41) S.T.R. 567 (Tri. – Chennai)]|
|Unbilled Revenue is one
which is recognised in the books of account as income
on percentage completion
relates to the amount
realised as mentioned
advance nor there any
|Service Tax liability on mobilization advance
|No new projects were awarded in the concerned period.
It is clear that amount booked in mobilization advance was in respect of running bill or merely
The amount related to amount received from debtors. As per the
Thus the amount booked mobilization account was
Demand of service tax was totally arbitrary and was required to be set aside.
Moreover, the contention
|Service tax demanded on credit balance of erection and labour charge as reflected in trial balance during the period 2012-2013||Entries booked in the ledger were inclusive of Service Tax. We have attached sample copy of the contract having project code C033 as per which it is evident that the contract was inclusive of service tax.
Department failed to consider that debit balance appearing in the WC Receipt labour (M) and WC Receipt erection account were on account of reversal entry passed towards service tax and VAT already included in
Credit entries were not in relation to billing however it included reversal entries of
As per the accounting policy the revenue was credited inclusive of service tax component and
|Copy of the contract and details of debit entries were submitted in support.|
|Service Tax demanded on the debit balance reflected in Service Tax ledger during the period 2010-2011 &2011-2012.||Debit balances were merely adjustment and transfer entries from one code to another. Entry wise and project wise breakup of code were submitted along with sample voucher at the time of initial verification.
Balance of interim/accrual accounting code of business area “COO” to which the balance was transferred were not considered by department in spite the fact being disclosed by the Appellant at the time of departmental audit.
The trial balance of BA Code 0047 represented in paper book in page no. 1130 shows that there is no closing balance. Page no. 90-93 of paper book reflects the reason for debit entry in these accounts
|1) CA certificate marked as Annexure D) certifying the fact that debit entries were
transferred 2) Page No
15-155 of Paper Book
depicted – SAP
generated voucher of
each and every
In view of the above submissions there is no merits in the demand confirmed in respect of the four major issues raised in the show cause notice and confirmed by the impugned order. Since there is no merits in the demand made there can be no issue for imposition of penalty and interest on the appellants.
In respect of the issue of CENVAT Credit which has been raised in the show cause notice impugned order itself demands the major portion of demand and confirms only an amount of Rs. 18,01,047/- which they do not contest. However as there is no malafides on their part though they do not contest the demand of CENVAT Credit penalty imposed in this respect is not justifiable.
3.3 Arguing for the revenue learned Authorized Representative for the revenue submits while reiterating the findings recorded in the order that the demands in the present case have been made on the basis of the documents maintained by the appellants and on noticing the discrepancies, in the accounting records and the ST – 3 returns filed by the appellant. Since appellants have failed to explain these discrepancies the demands are sustainable. As the appellants had not disclosed the information in their returns and not paid the tax accordingly extended period of limitation has been invoked against them for making these demands.
4.1 We have considered the impugned order along with the submissions made in appeal and during the course of arguments.
4.2 The appellant before us is a construction company engaged in providing various taxable services as referred in para 2. Construction contracts are the contracts which run over period of time and are not limited strictly by the Financial Year. For the purpose of accounting and monitoring of the projects undertaken in terms of such contractual agreement Accounting Standard AS-7 has been developed which provides as follows:
“Accounting Standard 7 (AS 7) relates with accounting of construction contracts. The very purpose of this accounting standard is to specify the accounting treatment of revenue and costs associated with construction contracts. Typically, the date at which a construction contract is entered into is different from the date at which such a contract is completed.
This means that the date of entry and the date of completion of a construction contract fall into different accounting periods. It is due to the nature of activity assumed under a construction contract.
Therefore, the fundamental concern in construction contract accounting is the distribution of contract revenue and costs to the accounting periods in which construction work is carried out.
Hence, Accounting Standard 7 provides guidelines to recognize contract revenue and costs in the statement of P & L.”
What is Contract Revenue?
A contract revenue includes:
Thus, contract revenue is measured when the consideration is received or it is receivable. Furthermore, such a measurement gets impacted by a number of uncertainties that depend upon the outcome of future events.
Therefore, you need to revise the estimates pertaining to contract revenue as and when future events occur and the uncertainties are settled. This means that the amount of contract revenue may vary from period to period.
A claim refers to the amount that a contractor demands from the customer as a compensation of costs not included in the original contract price. Such claims may result due to customer delays or errors in the design of the asset.
Thus, a contractor needs to include a claim in the contract revenue only when:
VI. Contract Revenue & Expense Recognition
The contract revenue and costs related to a construction contract must be recognized as revenue and expenses respectively. Provided it is possible to reliably estimate the result of the construction contract.
Such revenues and costs are recognized on the basis of the stage of completion of contract activity at the reporting date.
b. How to Recognize Revenue and Expense
(i)Percentage Completion Method
Percentage Completion Method refers to the one where revenues and expenses are recognized based on the stage of completion of a contract. Thus, the contract revenue is recognized as revenue in the statement of P&L in the accounting period in which the contract is performed.
Similarly the contract costs are recognized as an expense in the statement of P&L in the accounting periods in which the work is performed.
(ii) Work in Progress
Work in progress refers to costs due from the customer on account of such costs relating to the future activity on a contract.
Thus, these contract costs are recognized as an asset, provided it is expected that such costs will be recovered.
VII. Determination of Stage of Completion
There are different methods to determine the stage of completion of the contract. These include:
However, there are cases when the result of a construction contract cannot be measured reliably. In such cases, revenue should be recognized only to the extent of contract costs incurred whose recovery is probable.
Furthermore, the contract costs should be recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.
VIII. Recognition of Expected Losses
There are scenarios when it is expected that the total contract costs will exceed the total contract revenue. In such cases, the expected loss must be recognized as an expense.
Furthermore, the amount of such a loss is determined irrespective of:
An organization must disclose:
An organization having contracts in progress should disclose:
Thus, an organization must present:
4.3 Thus as is seen from the above excerpts taken from the accounting standard, it is evident that this standard provides for method of recognition of costs, expenses and revenues during the particular period and the manner of disclosure of the same in the book of accounts. This standard uses the word expected and recognition and would not reflect the actual realization of the revenue by the contractor against a particular project.
4.4 In our view the entire demand has been made against the four issues referred in the show cause notice as Issue No 1 to 4 is based on the entries recorded in the book of accounts toward the expected revenue and expense recognition and not on the basis of the actual amounts realized against the contracts undertaken by the appellant.
4.5 The Service tax is paid on the basis of the revenue realized towards the provision of the taxable services and not on the basis of the revenue recognition. Impugned order do not point out a single case whereby the amounts realized by the appellant against any of the project undertaken by the appellant were not reflected in their ST-3 return. ST-3 return is based on the revenues realized by the appellant during the period of the return and not on the basis of revenue recognition. Accordingly, we do not find any merits in the impugned order. However in our view the revenue should have undertaken the exercise of reconciliation of the revenue realized against each of the project with the entries made in the ST-3 return and should arrive at any conclusion in respect of the demand of service tax. In case the revenue realized against the project is not reflected in the service tax returns filed over the period of time, then only revenue demand can be sustained otherwise the demand needs to be set aside. In our view the entire demand is for the period of the running contracts during the period 2008 to 2012 and would have been completed by now. Revenue should reconcile the revenue realized contract wise, with the service tax return, and if there all the revenues realized either as advance or on the completion of the contract can be reconciled with the ST-3 returns then demands need to be set aside or restricted to the unexplained amounts realized and not reflected in the ST-3 return. With the above observation we remand the matter to the original authority for reconciliation in respect of the Issues referred as Issues 1 to 4 in the show cause notice.
4.6 Appellants do not seriously object to the findings recorded in the impugned order in respect of the issues referred as Issue 5 and 6 in show cause notice taking note of the submissions made in respect of these issues we hold the order made in respect of these issues as per the impugned order, except for setting aside the penalties imposed by invoking Section 78. In our view when all facts were in knowledge of the department in respect of these issues invocation of Section 78 for imposing penalty in respect of these demands cannot be sustained.
5.1 In result impugned order is set aside in respect of issues at Issue No 1 to 4 in the Show Cause Notice as observed by us in para 4.5 above and matter remanded to original authority for reconsideration as observed in the said para.
5.2 In respect of the issues at Issue No 5 & 6 we uphold the impugned order to the extent of demand made but set aside the penalties imposed under Section 78.
5.3 Accordingly the appeals are partially allowed as indicated in para 5.1 and 5.2 above and the matter remanded to original authority for reconsideration.
5.4 As issue is sufficiently old, original authority to finalize the issues in remand proceedings within three months of the receipt of this order.
(Pronounced in the open Court on 28.07.2022)