Rationalization of section 43CA, section 50C and section 56.

At present, while taxing income from capital gains (section 50C), business profits (section 43CA) and other sources (section 56) arising out of transactions in immovable property, the sale consideration or stamp duty value, whichever is higher is adopted. The difference is taxed as income both in the hands of the purchaser and the seller.

It has been pointed out that this variation can occur in respect of similar properties in the same area because of a variety of factors, including shape of the plot or location. In order to minimize hardship in case of genuine transactions in the real estate sector, it is proposed to provide that no adjustments shall be made in a case where the variation between stamp duty value and the sale consideration is not more than five percent of the sale consideration.

These amendments will take effect from 1st April, 2019 and will, accordingly, apply in relation to the assessment year 2019-20 and subsequent assessment years.

Extract of Clause 14, 19 & 21 of Finance Bill 2018

Clause 14 of the Bill seeks to amend section 43CA of the Income-tax Act relating to special provision for full value of consideration for transfer of assets other than capital assets in certain cases.

The said section, inter alia, provides that in case of transfer of an asset (other than a capital asset) being land or building or both the value adopted or assessed or assessable by the stamp valuation authority for the purpose of payment of stamp duty in respect of such transfer shall be taken as the full value of consideration for the purposes of computing profits and gains from transfer of such asset, if it is more than the consideration. The said section also provides that where the date of agreement fixing the value of consideration for transfer of the asset and the date of registration of such transfer of asset are not the same, the value assessable by the authority for the purpose of payment of stamp duty in respect of such transfer on the date of the agreement shall be taken if the amount of consideration or a part thereof has been received by any mode other than cash on or before the date of agreement for transfer of the asset.

It is proposed to insert a proviso to sub-section (1) of the said section so as to provide that where the value adopted or assessed or assessable by the stamp valuation authority does not exceed one hundred and five per cent. of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer, the consideration so received or accruing as a result of the transfer shall, for the purposes of computing profits and gains from transfer of such asset, be deemed to be the full value of the consideration.

It is further proposed to amend sub-section (4) of the said section so as to provide that where the date of agreement fixing the value of consideration for transfer of the asset and the date of registration of such transfer of asset are not the same, the value referred to in sub-section (1) may be taken as the value assessable by the authority for the purpose of payment of stamp duty in respect of such transfer on the date of the agreement where the amount of consideration or a part thereof has been received by way of an account payee cheque or an account payee bank draft or by use of electronic clearing system through a bank account on or before the date of agreement for transfer of the asset.

These amendments will take effect from 1st April, 2019 and will, accordingly, apply in relation to the assessment year 2019-2020 and subsequent assessment years.

Clause 19 of the Bill seeks to amend section 50C of the Income-tax Act relating to special provision for full value of consideration in certain cases.

The said section provides that in case of transfer of a capital asset being land or building or both, the value adopted or assessed or assessable by the stamp valuation authority for the purpose of payment of stamp duty in respect of such transfer shall be taken as the full value of consideration for the purposes of computation of Capital gains if the same is more than the full value of consideration.

It is proposed to insert a proviso to sub-section (1) of the said section so as to provide that where the value adopted or assessed or assessable by the stamp valuation authority does not exceed one hundred and five per cent. of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer, the consideration so received or accruing as a result of the transfer shall, for the purposes of section 48, be deemed to be the full value of the consideration.

This amendment will take effect from 1st April, 2019 and will, accordingly, apply in relation to the assessment year 2019-2020 and subsequent years.

Clause 21 of the Bill seeks to amend section 56 of the Income-tax Act relating to income from other sources.

Clause (x) of sub-section (2) of the said section, inter alia, provides that where any person receives, in any previous year, from any person or persons on or after the 1st day of April, 2017, any immovable property, for a consideration which is less than the stamp duty value of the property by an amount exceeding fifty thousand rupees, the stamp duty value of such property as exceeds such consideration shall be charged to tax under the head “Income from other sources”.

It is proposed to amend the said clause of sub-section (2) of the said section so as to provide that where any person receives any immovable property for a consideration, the stamp duty value of the property as exceeds such consideration, if the amount of such excess is more than fifty thousand rupees or the amount equal to five per cent. of the consideration, whichever is higher, shall be charged to tax under the head “Income from other sources”.

This amendment will take effect from 1st April, 2019 and will, accordingly, apply in relation to the assessment year 2019-2020 and subsequent years.

It is further proposed to amend the fourth proviso to clause (x) of the said sub-section so as to exclude the transfer of capital asset between holding company and its wholly owned Indian subsidiary company and between subsidiary company and its Indian holding company, which are not regarded as transfer under clause (iv) or clause (v) of section 47, from the scope of clause (x) of the said sub-section.

This amendment will take effect from 1st April, 2018.

It is also proposed to insert a new clause (xi) in sub-section (2) of the said section so as to provide that any compensation or other payment due to or received by any person, by whatever name called, in connection with the termination of his employment or the modification of the terms and conditions relating thereto shall be chargeable to income-tax under the head “Income from other sources”.

This amendment will take effect from 1st April, 2019 and will, accordingly, apply in relation to the assessment year 2019-2020 and subsequent years.

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Category : Income Tax (28049)
Type : Articles (17762)

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