Brief of the case
In the case of The Commissioner of Income Tax vs. V. S. Dempo & Company Ltd, Goa High Court has held that the principal amount of loan taken for purchase of capital assets was on capital account and therefore on cessation of its repayment there is no occasion to apply Section 41 (1) of the Act. And resultant income should only be treated as capital receipt.
Facts of the case
1. For the assessment year 1987-1988, the respondent filed a return of income on 30/7/1987 declaring a total income of Rs.50.02 lakhs. During the course of assessment proceedings, it was noticed that the respondent had shown Rs.50.96 lakhs as an income in the profit and loss account. However, the same was not taken into account while computing its total taxable income as this was a loan taken of US # 7,00,000/- for M/s. Eisenberg Inc. Japan equivalent to Rs.33.42 lakhs is not requried to be returned.
2. Assessee contented that the same was not offered for tax, as the loan was taken and utilized for purchase of machinery by its subsidiary M/s Dempo Mining Corporation. It was also contended that the loan was taken for capital purposes at a time when the Act did not apply to the State of Goa. This was not accepted by the the Assessing Officer on account of the fact that in the assessment year 1967- 1968, the liability on the loan was increased by Rs.19.07 on account of variation in the Exchange rate and this was allowed as revenue expenditure. And AO has added the amount of Rs.50.96 lakhs to the taxable income.
3. Assessee filed appeal in CIT(A) and CIT(A) has dismissed the respondent’s appeal sustaining the addition made by the Assessing Officer. Thereafter assessee filed appeal in Tribunal the respondent restricted its appeal only to the principal amount of loan originally taken by it from M/s. Eisenberg Inc. Japan. The consequent increase of its liability on account of change in rate of exchange was claimed as revenue expenditure was not being contested. The respondent accepted that the amounts allowed as revenue expenditure on account of variation in the rate of exchange should be added to its income under section 41 (1) of the Act
4. The Tribunal by the impugned order only considered the original loan taken by the Assessee. On consideration, the impugned order records that the amount was to be utilized by the assessee’s subsidiary for purchase of machinery. Therefore the taking of loan to procure machinery was on capital account and cannot be considered as revenue. In the circumstances, the impugned order allowed the assessee’s appeal and directed a deletion of Rs.50.96 lakhs which was added to the assessee’s income.
Whether on the facts and in the circumstances of the case the ITAT was justified in law in holding that the nature of the amount of Rs.50,96,000/- received by the assessee was capital in nature and not revenue.
1. That whenever there was a variation in the liability arising on account of the loan taken in view of the difference in the rate of exchange, the same was allowed as revenue expenditure or added as income. It is on the above basis it is submitted that non obligation to return that loan would results in income to the respondent and stands covered by section 41(1) of the Act and is chargeable to tax.
2. That the substantial question of law as framed is to be answered in favour of the revenue by holding that the amount of Rs.50.96 lakhs is revenue in nature and has to be a part of the respondent’s total income.
1. that so far as the amounts attributed to the difference in exchange rate claimed in the earlier years and allowed as expenditure in the earlier years is being offered to tax by the respondent under Section 41(1) of the Act. So far as the loan being written off by the lender is concerned, it is submitted that the same having been on capital account for purchase of machinery, continue to be on capital account and cannot be charged to income tax.
2. It is further submitted that Section 41 (1) of the Act would have no application as held by this Court in “Mahindra and Mahindra Ltd. Vs. Commissioner of Income Tax and Commissioner of Income Tax Vs. Mahindra and Mahindra Ltd.” reported in (2003) 261 ITR 501 (Bom.) and the decision in Income Tax Appeal no.3704 of 2010 in the case of “The Commissioner of Income Tax-3 Vs. M/s. Xylon Holdings P. Ltd.”, rendered in 13/9/2012, wherein it has been held that when the loan has been taken for purchase of capital assets, then the waiver of that loan would not convert the loan taken on a capital account into revenue in nature.
High Court decision / Observations
1. Section 41 (1) of the Act would have no application in the present facts. This is for the reason that it is not the case of revenue that the principal amount of loan received has been allowed as a revenue expenditure in the earlier years so as to make Section 41 (1) of the Act applicable. The amount which has been allowed in the earlier assessment years was only the variation on account of difference in rate of exchange. This the respondent is in any case offering for tax under Section 41 (1) of the Act.
2. The principal amount of loan having been taken for purchase of capital amount was on capital account and therefore no occasion to apply Section 41 (1) of the Act in respect of that could arise. The issue in fact stands concluded in favour of the assessee by the decision of this Court in Mahindra and Mahindra Ltd (supra) and M/s. Xylon Holding (supra) in the context of the submission made by the revenue before us. It needs to be recorded that the Revenue has made no submission to establish that the amounts received as a loan by the assessee was not capital in nature.
3. Thus the substantial question in principle has to be answered in the affirmative, i.e. in favour of the respondent/assessee and against the appellant. However, as the loan originally received from M/s. Eisenberg Inc. Japan was only of Rs.33.42 the benefit in restricted to only Rs.33.42 lakhs. The appeal is dismissed subject to the above observations.