Amendments in the Central Excise Act, 1944
1. The Central Excise Act, 1944 or Finance Act, 1994 is proposed to be amended so that a reference in said Act to a Chief Commissioner of Central Excise or a Commissioner of Central Excise may also include a reference to the Principal Chief Commissioner of Central Excise or the Principal Commissioner of Central Excise, as the case may be. Further, definition of Central Excise Officer has been broadened so as to include Principal Chief Commissioner of Central Excise and Principal Commissioner of Central Excise.
2. New section 15A to be inserted so as to empower the Central Government to prescribe an authority or agency to whom the information return shall be filed by the specified persons such as Income-tax authorities, State Electricity Boards, VAT or Sales Tax authorities, Registrar of Companies. Information can be collected for the purposes of the Act, such as, to identify tax evaders or recover confirmed dues.
A new section 15B also proposed to be inserted to provide for imposition of penalty on failure to furnish information return.
3. Section 32E(1) proposed to be amended so as to allow filing of applications of settlement before the Settlement Commission in cases where the applicant has not filed the returns after recording reasons for the same.
4. Section 35L proposed to be amended so as to clarify that determination of disputes relating to taxability or excisability of goods is covered under the term ‘determination of any question having a relation to rate of duty’ and hence, appeal against Tribunal orders in such matters would lie before the Supreme Court.
Change in rates of excise duty
General rates of excise duty remain unchanged. Further Changes in industry specific excise duty rate are as follows:
|S.No.||Product||Old Rate %||New Rate %|
|1.||Cigarettes, Cigars, Cheeroots, Cigarillos of length not exceeding 65 mm||Rs.669 Per 1000sticks||Rs.1150 per 1000sticks
(increase by72% )
|2.||Cigarettes, Cigars, Cheeroots, Cigarillos of length exceeding 65 mm||Various rates||By 11% to 21%|
|5.||Jarda scented tobacco, Gutkha and chewing tobacco||60%||70%|
|6.||Machine used for preparation of meat, poultry, fruits, nuts or vegetables and on presses, crushers and similar machinery used in the manufacture of wine, cider, fruit juices or similar beverages and on packaging machinery||10%||6%|
|7.||Winding wires of copper||10%||12%|
|8.||Branded Petrol||Rs. 7.50 per litre||Rs. 2.35 per litre|
|9.||Footware of retail price more than Rs.500 but less than Rs.1000 per pair||12%||6%|
|10.||Forged steel rings used in the manufacture of bearing of wind operated electricity generators||12%||NIL|
|11.||Metal core PCB and LED driver for use in the manufacture of LED lights and fixtures and LED lamps||12%/10%||6%|
|12.||RO membrane element used in household type filters||12%/10%||6%|
Amendments in the Customs Act, 1962
1. The Customs Act, 1962 proposed to be amended so that a reference in said Act to a Chief Commissioner of Customs or a Commissioner of Customs may also include a reference to the Principal Chief Commissioner of Customs or the Principal Commissioner of Customs, as the case may be. Further, Principal Chief Commissioner of Customs and Principal Commissioner of Customs also proposed to be included in the class of officers of customs.
2. Section 15(1) proposed to be amended to provide for determination of rate of duty and tariff valuation for imports through a vehicle in cases where the Bill of Entry is filed prior to the filing of Import Report.
3. Section 46(3) proposed to be amended to allow the filing of a Bill of Entry prior to the filing of Import Report for imports through land route.
4. Section 127B(1) proposed to be amended to provide that an application for settlement of cases can also be filed in cases where a Bill of Export, Baggage Declaration, Label or Declaration accompanying the goods effected through Post or Courier have been filed.
Amendment in the Customs Tariff Act, 1975
Section 8B of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 proposed to be amended so as to provide for levy of safeguard duty on inputs/raw materials imported by an EOU and cleared into DTA as such or are used in the manufacture of final products & cleared into DTA.
Amendment in the Baggage Rules, 1998
Baggage Rules, 1998 proposed to be amended to,-
(i) raise the free baggage allowance from Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 45,000.
(ii) reduce the duty free allowance of cigarettes from 200 to 100, of cigars from 50 to 25 and of tobacco from 250 gm to 125 gm.
Changes in customs duty rate structure
|S.No.||Product||Old Rate %||New Rate %|
|2||Telecom products not covered under ITA||0||10|
|7||Half Cur or Broken Diamonds||0||2.5|
|8||Trimming & embellishments used by textile garment sector||3||5|
|9||Steam & Butimunious Coal||2||2.5|
|10||Cut & polished diamonds & coloured gemstones||2||2.5|
|11||Propane, Ethane, Ethylene, Propylene, Butadine||5||2.5|
|13||Denatured Ethyl and Methyl Alchohol||7.5||5|
|16||Steel grade limestone & dolomite||5||2.5|
|17||Electrolysers and their spare Parts||5||2.5|
|20||PT MEG & MDI||5||0|
|21||Coal Tar pitch||10||5|
|22||Battery Waste and Scrap||10||5|
|23||Forged Steel rings||10||5|
|24||Other spare parts (Other than membrane and part thereof)||7.5||2.5|
|26||Fatty Acid, Crude Palm, RBD and other palm and specified industrial grade crude oils||7.5||0|
|27||E- Book reader||7.5||0|
|28||LCD & LED TV panel below 19’’||10||0|
|29||Coloured Picture Tubes||10||0|
|30||Non- agglomerated coal||0||2.5 (BCD)/ 2(CVD)|
Common amendments in Central Excise/Customs
Amendments to be effective from a date to be notified after Finance (No. 2) Bill receives the assent of the President
A. Review of negative list
1. Hitherto, sale of space or time for advertisements in broadcast media, namely radio or television was only liable to service tax. However, now sale of space or time for advertisements on other segments like online and mobile advertising is proposed to be brought under the service tax purview. Sale of space or time for advertisements on print media is included in negative list and thus, not taxable.
Now, print media is also being defined to exclude business directories, yellow pages and trade catalogues which are primarily meant for commercial purposes.
2. Services of transportation of passengers by radio taxis/radio cabs to be brought under the service tax net to bring them at par with rent a cab service. Therefore, definition of metered cabs under section 65B(32) to be amended to specifically exclude radio taxis/radio cabs as also services provided by radio taxis/radio cabs proposed to be excluded from entry (o) of the negative list. Further, abatement of 60% of the gross amount available to rent-a-cab service also to be made available to radio taxi service.
3. In Section 67A, for determination of rate of exchange, rules would be prescribed for calculation of taxable value in respect of certain services. (Rules would be prescribed in due course after the Finance Bill receives the assent).
Amendments applicable w.e.f. 11st July, 2014/1st October, 2014
Following amendments are applicable with effect from 11.07.2014 unless otherwise specified.
B. Amendment to Mega Exemption Notification
3. Existing exemptions withdrawn
(a) Exemption to services by way of technical testing or analysis of newly developed drugs on human participants by a clinical research organisation approved to conduct clinical by the Drug Controller General of India withdrawn.
(b) Exemption to transport of passengers by an air conditioned contract carriage withdrawn.
4. New exemptions introduced
(a) Exemption to services provided by operators of the Common Bio-medical Waste Treatment Facility to a clinical establishment by way of treatment or disposal of bio-medical waste or the processes incidental thereto.
(b) Exemption to services provided by way of transportation by rail/vessel/GTA of organic manure and cotton, ginned or baled.
(c) Exemption to life insurance service provided by life micro-insurance product as approved by the IRDA, having maximum amount of cover of Rs. 50,000.
(d) Exemption to services by way of loading, unloading, packing, storage or warehousing of rice, cotton, ginned or baled.
(e) Exemption to services received by the Reserve Bank of India, from outside India in relation to management of foreign exchange reserves.
(f) Exemption to services provided by a tour operator to a foreign tourist in relation to a tour conducted wholly outside India.
5. Rationalisation of existing amendments
(a) Exemption to services provided to an educational institution by way of auxiliary education services and renting of immovable property services has been rationalised.
Earlier there were doubts regarding the scope and meaning of ‘auxiliary educational services’. The said exemption has been made more clear and following services in respect of services received by an eligible educational institution are exempted from service tax:
(i) transportation of students, faculty and staff;
(ii) catering service including any mid-day meals scheme sponsored by the Government;
(iii) security or cleaning or house-keeping services in such educational institutions; and (iv) services relating to admission to such institution or conduct of examination.
In view of this rationalization, exemption extended so far in respect of renting of immovable property service received by educational institutions, stands withdrawn.
(b) Exemption available to accommodation services provided by hotels, dharamshalas or ashrams when they provide rooms for less than Rs. 1,000 per day, re-worded to bring out the intent clearly.
(c) For greater clarity, the exemption in respect of services provided to Government or local authority or governmental authority made more specific. Services by way of water supply, public health, sanitation conservancy, solid waste management or slum improvement and up-gradation continue to remain exempted but exemption not be extendable to other services such as consultancy, designing, etc., not directly connected with these specified services.
C. Abatement Notification amended
D. Reverse charge/Partial reverse charge
(a) Services provided by a recovery agent to a banking company/financial institution/NBFC.
(b) Services provided by a Director to a body corporate.
E. Other Amendments
1) Central Excise Officer would issue authorization in Form A-2, within fifteen working days from the date of receipt of Form A-1 by the Central Excise Officer.
2) Authorization will have validity from the date on which Form A-1 is verified by the Specified Officer of SEZ. However, if Form A-1 is furnished after a period of 15 days from the date of its verification by the Specified Officer, the authorization shall have validity from the date of furnishing of Form A-1 to the Central Excise Officer.
3) SEZ Units or the Developer will, pending issuance of Form A-2, be entitled to avail upfront exemption on the basis of Form A-1. However, in such a case, the SEZ Unit/Developer would be required to furnish a copy of authorization issued by the Central Excise Officer within 3 months from the date of receipt of specified services. If a copy of authorization is not provided within the said period of three months, the service provider shall pay service tax on the service so provided availing the exemption.
4) As regards services covered under full reverse charge, it is being mentioned specifically in Form that there would be no requirement of furnishing service tax registration number of service provider.
5) It is being provided that a service shall be treated as exclusively used for SEZ operations if the recipient of service is SEZ unit or developer, invoice is in the name of such unit/developer and the service is used exclusively for furtherance of authorized operations in SEZ.
|Extent of delay||Simple interest rate per annum (Revised)||Simple interest rate per annum (Existing)|
|Up to six months||18%||18%|
|More than six months& upto one year||18% for first six months, and 24%for the period of delay beyond six months||18%|
|More than one year||18% for first six months, 24% forsecond six months, and 30% for the
period of delay beyond one year
|Note:||As specified in the proviso to section 75, three per cent concession on the applicable rate of interest will continue to beavailable to the small service providers i.e. assessee having theturnover nor exceeding Rs. 60 lakhs during the preceding F/Yor during any of the financial years covered by the notice.|
This new interest rate regime will become operational only on 1st October 2014. In other words, upto 1st October, 2014, the rate of interest of 18%, presently applicable, will continue to apply. The variable interest rates will apply only on or after 1st October, 2014.
Rule 4: Place of provision of performance based services – Provision for prescribing conditions for determination of place of provision of repair service carried out on temporarily imported goods is being omitted. The second proviso to rule 4(a) is being amended to prescribe that it would suffice for the purpose of exclusion of repair service from applicability of rule 4(a) that the goods imported for repair are exported after repair without being put to any use other than that which is required for such repair. It may please be noted that this exclusion does not apply to goods that arrive in the taxable territory in the usual course of business and are subject to repair while such goods remain in the taxable territory, e.g., any repair provided in the taxable territory to containers arriving in India in the course of international trade in goods will be governed by rule 4.
Rule 9: Place of provision of specified services
|Relevant clause||Description of Services||Relevant Changes|
|(c)||Intermediary Service||The definition of intermediary is being amended to include the intermediary of goods in its scope. Accordingly, with effect from 1.10.2014, an intermediary of goods, such as a commission agent or consignment agent shall be covered under rule 9(c) of the Place of Supply of Services Rules.|
|(d)||Service consisting of hiring of means of transport, upto a period of one month||Service consisting of hiring of Vessels (excluding yachts) and Aircraft is being excluded from rule 9(d). Accordingly, hiring of vessels, or aircraft, irrespective of whether short term or long term, will be covered by the general rule, that is, the place of location of the service receiver. Hiring of yachts would however continue to be covered by rule 9 (d).|
Rule 7: Determination of point of taxation in case of specified services or persons:
As per the first proviso to Rule 7 of POT Rules, 2011, for reverse charge services, if payment is not made within a period of 6 months of the date of invoice, POT will be governed by Default Rule 3 of POT Rules, 2011.
However, first Proviso to rule 7 of the Point of Taxation Rules (POTR) is being amended to provide that point of taxation in respect of reverse charge will be the payment date or the first day that occurs immediately after a period of three months from the date of invoice, whichever is earlier. This amendment will apply only to invoices issued after 1st October, 2014. A transition rule is being prescribed (new rule 10 of POTR).
Amendments to be effective after the Finance (No. 2) Bill, 2014 receives the assent of the president
1. The Finance Bill 2014 has proposed to enhance the scope of Section 83, vide which the provisions of Central Excise Act, 1944 are made applicable mutatis mutandis to Service Tax. The said section has been amended to include reference to Sections 5A (2A), 15A and 15B of the Central Excise Act which provide as under:
Further, Section 35F of Central Excise Act, which is already applicable to Service Tax is now being substituted with a new section to prescribe a mandatory pre-deposit, stated as under:
|Appellate Authority||Percentage of dutyDemanded or penalty imposed or both *|
|Appeal before the Commissioner( Appeal) or the Tribunalat First stage||7.5%|
|Appeal before Tribunal at second stage||10%|
|*subject to a ceiling of Rs. 10 crores.|
It is pertinent to mention that all pending appeals/ stay application would be governed by the statutory provisions prevailing at the time of filing such Stay Applications/ Appeals.
2. Section 73 is being amended by way of insertion of new sub-section (4A) to prescribe time limits for completion of adjudication:
(a) within six months from the date of notice where it is possible to do so, in respect of cases whose limitation is specified as eighteen months in sub-section (1);
(b) within one year from the date of notice, where it is possible to do so, in respect of cases falling under the proviso to sub-section (1) or the proviso to sub-section (4A).;
3. Section 80 which provides for non-imposition of penalties in case there is a reasonable cause for failure is being amended to exclude the reference of first proviso to sub section (1) of section 78. This amendment, in effect, removes the power to waive the 50% penalty imposable in cases where service tax has not been levied, not paid or short levied or short paid on account of suppression of facts or willful misstatement but true and complete details of transactions are available in the specified record. Consequently, in such a case levy of 50% penalty would be mandatory even if the assessee proves that there was a reasonable cause of such failure.
4. Section 82(1) is being amended, along the lines of section 12F (1) of the Central Excise Act, so that Joint Commissioner or Additional Commissioner or any other officer notified by the Board can authorize any Central Excise Officer to search and seize.
5. Sub-section (6A) of section 86 which specifies a fee of Rs. 500/- in case application is filed to Appellate Tribunal for grant of stay or for rectification of mistake or for any other purpose or for restoration of appeal is being amended to omit the words “for grant of stay or”.
6. Section 87 is being amended to incorporate power to recover dues of a predecessor from the assets of a successor purchased from the predecessor as it is presently provided for in section 11 of the Central Excise Act, 1944.
7. Section 94 is being amended to obtain rule making powers
(a) to impose upon assessees, inter alia, the duty of furnishing information, keeping records and making returns and specify the manner in which they shall be verified;
(b) for withdrawal of facilities or imposition of restrictions (including restrictions on utilization of CENVAT credit) on service provider or exporter, to check evasion of duty or misuse of CENVAT credit; and
(c) to issue instructions in supplemental or incidental matters.
Changes applicable w.e.f. 01.09.2014
A manufacturer or a service provider shall take credit on inputs and input services within a period of six months from the date of issue of invoice, bill or challan. Currently, CENVAT Credit can be claimed at any time after receipt of invoice.