Problems faced by registered persons while applying Rule 36(4) of CGST Rules, 2017

GST council, after reviewing the large gap between return filling percentage ( from April 19-JUL 19)   of form GSTR -1  & Form GSTR -3B which is around 50% as against 80% GSTR -3B leading to huge unmatched ITC and  in order to fill the gap till the introduction of new return system w.e.f. 01.04.2020 , has introduced a time gap arrangement by way of Rule 36(4) of CGST Rules, 2017 by imposing restriction in lines with Section 43A (4) of CGST Act, 2017.

For speeding up recovery and early deposition of tax, first notification no. 49/2019 dt. 09.10.2019 was issued by CBIC which  was later on amended vide notification no. 75/2019 dt. 26.12.2019 read with clarification no.  123/42/2019 dt. 11.11.2019.

 After amendment  this rule can be read as under :-

“Input tax credit to be availed by a registered person in respect of invoices or debit notes, the details of which have not been uploaded by the suppliers under sub – section (1) of section 37, shall not exceed 10 percent of the eligible credit available in respect of invoices or debit notes the details of which have uploaded by the suppliers under sub section (1) of section 37. “

For complying with the above rule, the registered person has to match the amount available in its GSTR -2A before availing the Input Tax Credit and then only he is eligible to avail the ITC subject to the restrictions mentioned in the above rule.

Challenges faced by the registered person while applying Rule 36(4) of CGST Rules, 2017

1. The auto calculation/matching is not made by the GST portal between ITC of GSTR 2A & GST 3B and it is left upon the registered person to calculate the claimable ITC before filing the GSTR-3B.

2. The tax payer has to ascertain the amount of ITC in auto populated GSTR 2A as available on the due date of filing of Form GSTR -1 under sub- section (1) of section 37, which is next to impossible as GSTR 2 A is a dynamic report which keeps on changing and GSTN is not giving any facility to give report of GSTR 2A on the due date of filling of GSTR -1.

3. The restriction imposed by rule 36(4) will be applicable only on the invoices/ debit notes on which credit is availed after 09.10.2019 but GSTR 3B does not provides for the breakup of input credit taken for the invoices / debit notes issued before 09.10.2019 but taken in the returns filed after this notification, which leads  to mismatching advisories are being issued by the department([email protected]).

4. The registered person is also entitled to avail the GST input on the supplies received  from the registered  person  who are liable to file their GSTR – 1  on quarterly basis ( for which the due date is last day of the month following the quarter) i.e  after the gap of about  2-4 months, which is otherwise available to him on month to month basis.

5. Department, instead of taking care of practical problems being  faced by the registered persons, has started sending advisory mails mentioning to reverse the amount of credit availed in excess or deposit the same through DRC -03 with applicable interest. In its so called advisory mail it is mentioned that in case the opportunity for voluntary compliance as suggested is not availed , appropriate action for recovery of excess ITC availed with interest and imposition of penalty shall be initiated as per law  which may create  panic amongst the genuine taxpayers.

Recently a news is circulated in the digital media which  claims that the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs has asked every commissionerate to identify top 20 taxpayers who have the highest discrepancy in input tax credit based on the  purchase related GSTR -2A and summary GSTR- 3B returns.

In our consistent view  this type of coercive measures are not necessary particularly in view of  Rule 86A  which empowers  Commissioner to block the credit available to the registered person wherein he has fraudulently availed the ITC.

In our opinion Govt should step ahead to remove difficulties before taking coercive steps upon the innocent tax payers.

Author Bio

Qualification: CA in Practice
Company: Jain Mittal Chaudhary & Associates
Location: Hisar, Haryana, IN
Member Since: 28 Jan 2020 | Total Posts: 1

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January 2021