Case Law Details

Case Name : In re Abubacker Kaleel Rahman, M/s Sameer Mat Industries (GST AAR Kerala)
Appeal Number : Advance Ruling No. KER/28/2019
Date of Judgement/Order : 01/03/2019
Related Assessment Year :
Courts : AAR Kerala (89) Advance Rulings (1524)

In re Abubacker Kaleel Rahman, M/s. Sameer Mat Industries (GST AAR Kerala)

1. Chapter 46 of the Schedule 1 of the Tariff, the Circular in F.No.93/24/87-06. 3 dtd. 16-06-1987 issued by the Ministry of finance, Circular issued by the CBIC in No. 4/2018-Customs, F.No.609/12/2018-DBK dated 24-01-2018 and Judgment in ‘Supreme Industries Vs CCE’ stated that the HSN code for polypropylene mats is 4601. But the tax officials am not accepting this. What is the correct HSN code for Polypropylene Mats?

Plastic mats manufactured by using mono-filament strips and the like of plastics come under the Chapter 46 of Customs Tariff Act, 1975.

2. The tax officials are stating that HSN code 3902 is applicable for Polypropylene Mats. But as per the GST HSN chapter 39, the tariff item 3902 is for POLYMERS OF PROPYLENE OR OF OTHER OLEFINS, IN PRIMARY FORMS,. Primary forms’ means ‘in liquid form / crude form and how will it be applicable for polypropylene mats which are manufactured by plaiting together (placed side by side and bound together in parallel strands) 2. the polypropylene mono-filament or tubes or straw?

Polypropylene mats manufactured by plaiting together the polypropylene mono-filament or tube or straw come under the Chapter 46 of Customs Tariff Act, 1975.

3. What is the tax rate for polypropylene mats under heading 4601?

As per Entry 103 of Schedule If of Notification No. 01/2017 Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017 and S.R.O.No.360/2017 dtd.30-06-2017 polypropylene mats were taxable @ 12% GST till 25-01-2018 and thereafter at 5% GST as per Enny 198A of the 1st Schedule of Notification No. 01/2017 Central Tax Rate) dated 28 062017 and S.R.O.No.360/2017 dtd. 30-06-2017.

FULL TEXT OF ORDER OF AUTHORITY OF ADVANCE RULING, KERALA

The applicant is doing business on polypropylene mat commonly known as Plastic Mat. Plastic mats are manufactured by plaiting together the mono-filament and strips. According to him, the commodity is coming under the classification of HSN code 4601 01. However, being a plastic product, certain doubts are raised by tax officials regarding the classification of die commodity under HSN 3902 10. Therefore the applicant seeks advance rulings on the following issues:

1. The Circular in F.No.93/24/87-CX. 3 dated 16-06-1987 issued by the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance, Circular No. 4/2018-Customs dated 24.01.2018 issued by the CHIC in F.No.609/12/2018-DBK dated 24-01-2018 and Judgment of the Principal Bench of the CESTAT, New Delhi in “Supreme Industries Vs. CCE stated that the HSN code for polypropylene mats is 4601 under Chapter 46 of the Schedule 1 of the Tariff. But the tax officials are not accepting this. What is the correct HSN code for Polypropylene Mats?

2. The tax officials are stating that HSN code 3902 is applicable for Polypropylene Mats. But as per the GST HSN chapter 39, the tariff item 3902 is for POLYMERS OF PROPYLENE OR OF OTHER OLEFINS, IN PRIMARY FORMS,. Primary forms’ means ‘in liquid form / crude form’ and how will it be applicable for polypropylene mats which are manufactured by plaiting together (placed side by side and bound together hi parallel strands) the polypropylene mono-filament or tubes or straw?

3. What is the tax rate for polypropylene mats under heading 4601?

The authorized representative was heard. According to him, polypropylene mats come under the classification 4601 “Plaits and similar products of plaiting materials, whether or not assembled into strips; plaiting materials, plaits and similar products of plaiting materials, bound together in parallel strands or woven, ‘n sheet form, whether or not being finished articles (for example, mats, matungs, screens). The expression “plaiting materials” means materials in a state or form suitable far plaiting, inter-lacing or similar processes; it includes straw, osier or willow, bamboos, rattans, rushes, reeds, strips of wood, strips of other vegetable material (for example, strips of bath, narrow leaves and raffia or other snips obtained from broad leaves), unspun amoral textile fibres, mono-filament and strip and the like of plastics and strips of paper, but not strips of leather or composition leather or of felt or non-wovens, human hair, horsehair, textile ravings or yams or mono-filament and strip and the like of Chapter 54. The polypropylene mat commonly called ‘Satranji” is manufattured by using mono-filament and strip and the like of plastics. The item classified under Chapter 39 of Central Excise and Customs Tariff is for polymers of propylene or of other olefins, in primary f rms. Primary forms means ‘in liquid form / nude form’ and it is not applicable for polypropylene mats which are plaited using polypropylene straw.

The matter was examined meticulously. In Supreme Industries Ltd. Vs Commissioner Of Central Excise 12004 (170) ELT 432 Tri Del], it is specifically stated that the classification of the product “plastic satranji” come under Chapter 46 and not Chapter 39. Moreover, the Central Board of Excise and Customs has examined the whether plastic mat / mauings manufactured using polypropylene falling under Chapter Sub Heading 3902.10 of the Central Excise Tariff should be classifiable as an article of plastic under Chapter 39, or as manufacture of “plaiting materials” falling under Chapter 46 of the Central Excise Taroff. Accordingly, the Central Board of Excise and Customs, Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance, Government of India vide F. No. 93/24/87-CX.3 Dated 16-6-1987 clarified that plastic mat/matting (Satranji) would be appropriately classified under Heading 46.01 of the Schedule to the Central Excise Tariff Act as it is a product of manufacture of plaiting materials.

The process of manufacture of plastic mat/matting (Satranji) is by converting polypropylene into tube form by application of heat and air on an extruder machine with the length of plastic tube of diametre 1.5 mm. Then cut it into the size of the mat to be manufactured. These cut tubes are further used on weaving loom machines to produce Satranji with the help of polyester or cotton yarn as weft materials. Therefore the woven plastic materials like plastic mat or matlings will not come under the classification in Chapter 39. The plastic tubes of diameter of 1.5 mm used for the manufacture of plastic mat / mattings (Satranj) would be covered within the term “mono-filament and ships and the like of plastics” as described in Chapter 46. Therefore mats / mattings made by weaving or binding parallel strands of plaiting materials, twine, cord etc. will be covered under Chapter 46.

As per the Circular No.4/2018-Customs dated 24.01.2018 under F.No.609/12/2018-DBK issued by the Central Board of Excise and Customs, Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance, certain amendments were brought to all Industry Rates of duty Drawback w.e.f. 25-01-2018. As per this circular, the Polypropylene mats are classified under tariff item 4601 01. The relevant porton of the circular is as extracted here under:

“2……..

(c) tariff item 391802 viz. Polypropylene mats and the entries related thereto have been deleted from the Drawback schedule. Polypropylene mats will continue to be classifiable under tariff item 460101, which is in alignment with the enay under the Customs Tariff Act, 1975, with the existing rate /cap.”

Hence there is no doubt that plastic matimattings (Satranj) comes under Chapter 46. Marathi-English Dictionary define `Satranji as a Idnd of carpet of colored cotton threads. Mare over the English synonyms of Satranji” means “colourful handwoven floor mat or mg traditional of India and made of cotton or wool and jute, shatranji, simingee”. It means that ‘Satranji is a biodegradable product made up of cotton.

Under GST, the goads coming under Chapter 46 of Central Excise and Customs Tariff Act, 1975 are classified under Schedule II vide Entry 103& 104 of S.R.O.No.360/2017 dtd.30-06-2017 and Notification No. 01/2017 Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017. Plaits and similar products of plaiting materials, whether or not assembled into strips; plaiting materials, plaits and similar products of plaiting materials, bound together in parallel strands or woven, in sheet form, whether or not being finished articles (for example, mats, matfings, screens) of vegetables materials such as of bamboo, of rattan, of other vegetable materials covered under HSN 4601 and Basketwork, wickerwork, and other articles, made directly to shape from plaiting materials or made up from goods of heading 4601; articles of loofh covered under  HSN and were taxable @ 6% SGST till 25-01-2018.

The Notification No. 01/2017 Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017 was amended by Notification No. 27/2017 Central Tax (Rate) dated 22.09.2017 inserting a new Entry under lit Schedule vide SI No. 198A which read as “grass, leaf or reed or fibre products, including mats, pouches, wallets” covered under HS& No.4601 or 4602. Accordingly these specified items became taxable @ 2.5% SGST from 22-09-2017. The items falling under HSN Nos. 4601 and 4602 as specifically mentioned in the’Entry at SI No. 198A of Schedule h such as goods made from grass, leaf or reed or fibre products, including mats, pouches, wallets was taxable @ 5% from 22.09.2017. It meant that all raw materials used for the manufacture of these products am vegetable materials and biodegradable. By applying the principles of ejusdem generics, where a law lists specific classes of things and then refers to them in general, the general statement only apply to the same kind of things specifically listed. Hence 5% taxable items such as grass, leaf or reed or fibre products, including mate pouches, wallets covered under HSN 4601 are products made of vegetable materials. Products manufactured out of polypropylene are not vegetable and biodegradable materials. Hence, the items manufactured out of polypropylene were excluded from the purview of Entry at 51 No. 198A of 1 Schedule of GST Tariff and were covered under 2′ Schedule of the GST Tanff till 25-01-2018; when the entries at SI Nos. 103 & 104 of [Ind Schedule was omitted and the entry at SI No. 198A of Schedule I of GST Tariff Notification No. 01/2017 Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.062017 was substituted as “Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork” by Notification No.6/2018-Central Tax (Rate) dated 25.01.2018 and S.R.O.No.555/2018 dated 10-08-2018 of SGST w.e.f. 25-01-2018.

In view of the observations stated above, the following rulings am issued:

1. Chapter 46 of the Schedule 1 of the Tariff, the Circular in F.No.93/24/87-06. 3 dtd. 16-06-1987 issued by the Ministry of finance, Circular issued by the CBIC in No. 4/2018-Customs, F.No.609/12/2018-DBK dated 24-01-2018 and Judgment in ‘Supreme Industries Vs CCE’ stated that the HSN code for polypropylene mats is 4601. But the tax officials am not accepting this. What is the correct HSN code for Polypropylene Mats?

Plastic mats manufactured by using mono-filament strips and the like of plastics come under the Chapter 46 of Customs Tariff Act, 1975.

2. The tax officials are stating that HSN code 3902 is applicable for Polypropylene Mats. But as per the GST HSN chapter 39, the tariff item 3902 is for POLYMERS OF PROPYLENE OR OF OTHER OLEFINS, IN PRIMARY FORMS. Primary forms’ means ‘in liquid form / crude form and how will it be applicable for polypropylene mats which are manufactured by plaiting together (placed side by side and bound together in parallel strands) 2. the polypropylene mono-filament or tubes or straw?

Polypropylene mats manufactured by plaiting together the polypropylene mono-filament or tube or straw come under the Chapter 46 of Customs Tariff Act, 1975.

3. What is the tax rate for polypropylene mats under heading 4601?

As per Entry 103 of Schedule If of Notification No. 01/2017 Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017 and S.R.O.No.360/2017 dtd.30-06-2017 polypropylene mats were taxable @ 12% GST till 25-01-2018 and thereafter at 5% GST as per Enny 198A of the 1st Schedule of Notification No. 01/2017 Central Tax Rate) dated 28 062017 and S.R.O.No.360/2017 dtd.30-06-2017.

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