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Case Law Details

Case Name : APL Apollo Tubes Limited (Unit II) Vs State Tax Officer (Intelligence) (Madras High Court)
Appeal Number : W. P.No.9030 of 2024
Date of Judgement/Order : 04/04/2024
Related Assessment Year :

APL Apollo Tubes Limited (Unit II) Vs State Tax Officer (Intelligence) (Madras High Court)

In a significant ruling, the Madras High Court recently delivered a judgment concerning APL Apollo Tubes Limited (Unit II) and the State Tax Officer (Intelligence). The court’s decision offers relief to APL Apollo Tubes by quashing a GST order over the absence of specific reasons for denying Input Tax Credit (ITC) and other issues.

The crux of the matter lies in the challenges raised against an order dated 01.03.2024, particularly concerning three key issues. APL Apollo Tubes, primarily engaged in the manufacture and supply of iron and steel tubes and pipes, contested the order following a show cause notice issued on 30.06.2023 and subsequent replies provided on 08.09.2023.

The first issue revolves around the issuance of credit notes by the supplier. The petitioner argued that arguments were previously presented and that the matter was remanded for reconsideration. Concerning the issue of freight, evidence was presented, including sample invoices and a reconciliation statement. Despite this, the impugned order purportedly claimed a lack of documentation from the petitioner’s side.

Regarding the denial of Input Tax Credit on certain items, the petitioner contested the absence of specific reasons for such denial under Section 17(5) of the GST enactments. The court observed a lack of justification for disallowing the credit beyond a mere assertion of ineligibility.

The Additional Government Pleader argued in favor of the tax demand, asserting that adequate opportunity was provided to present evidence. However, the court found discrepancies between the evidence presented and the conclusions drawn in the impugned order.

In conclusion, the Madras High Court deemed it necessary to set aside the impugned order on the three contested issues and remand the case for reconsideration. The court emphasized the importance of providing a reasonable opportunity for the petitioner to present their case, including a personal hearing.


An order in original dated 01.03.2024 is challenged insofar as it pertains to three issues. The petitioner is engaged in the manufacture and supply of tubes and pipes of iron and steel. Pursuant to show cause notice dated 30.06.2023, the petitioner replied on 08.09.2023. The order impugned herein was issued thereafter on 01.03.2024.

2. Learned counsel for the petitioner pointed out that the first issue relates to the issuance of credit notes by the supplier. As regards this issue, he submitted that arguments were advanced in course of W.P.No.8898 of 2024 and that the matter was remanded to the assessing officer based on such contentions. With regard to the issue relating to freight, learned counsel referred to the reply to the show cause notice and pointed out that the petitioner had placed on record sample invoices. The petitioner had also bifurcated amounts paid towards freight for the Hosur unit, which is the relevant unit and enclosed both a reconciliation statement and a statement from the Chartered Accountant in respect of such bifurcation. By drawing my attention to the impugned order, learned counsel submitted that it was recorded therein that the petitioner had not filed any documents or evidence in this regard. He next dealt with the Input Tax Credit availed of by the petitioner with regard to items detailed in the tables at pages 50 to 56 of the typed set. By further contending that none of these items fall within the scope of sub-section (5) of Section 17 of applicable GST enactments, learned counsel submitted that the impugned order sets out no reasons for concluding that Input Tax Credit cannot be availed in respect of these items under Section 17(5). For all these reasons, he submits that the impugned

3. Mr. C. Harsha Raj, learned Additional Government Pleader, accepts notice for the respondents. With regard to the issue pertaining to freight, learned counsel submitted that the tax demand was confirmed upon appraisal of the evidence presented by the petitioner. By pointing out that the petitioner was provided sufficient opportunity to place all material evidence on record, learned Additional Government Pleader contends that such evidence should not be re-appraised in course of proceedings under Article 226 especially when the petitioner has a statutory remedy in respect thereof. As regards the disallowance of Input Tax Credit on the basis that the items indicated in the tables do not qualify for Input Tax Credit, he contended that the fact that the petitioner was not eligible for Input Tax Credit is evident from the details set out in the impugned order in the form of tables.

4. With regard to the issue relating to the issuance of credit notes, in W.P.No.8898 of 2024, the impugned order was set aside and the matter was remanded for re-consideration upon considering the submissions of learned counsel for the petitioner to the effect that lower Input Tax Credit was availed of in the subsequent months and that no revenue loss was occasioned as a result. The same reasons hold good in this writ petition also. As regards the imposition of GST of freight charges, the petitioner had placed on record a certificate from the Chartered Accountant with regard to bifurcation of freight as between the Hosur unit of the petitioner and the other units. Sample invoices were also produced. In the operative portion of the impugned order, it is recorded as under:

“I have carefully perused the reply filed by the tax payer Freight out relates to all India basis Rs.1,34,80,76,383/- out of which Rs.23,17,44,500/- relates to Hosur unit. In that the Tax payer declared freight collected of Rs.15,05,55,307/-. The tax payer’s have not filed any documents and evidences in this regard. On verification it is found that the tax payer have collected freight. The freight collected is part and parcel of sales turnover which was not included in the sale turnover reported. Therefore the GST @ 18% is levied under TNGST Act-2017.”

5. Therefore, it appears that the assessing officer recorded that the tax payer did not file any documents and evidence with regard to payment of GST on the collected freight charges. This conclusion is not justified in light of the evidence placed on record by the petitioner. At the same time, it should be noticed that the petitioner did not place on record all the invoices for purposes of establishing that GST was paid on the total taxable supply after including freight charges. The last issue that falls for consideration relates to the denial of Input Tax Credit with regard to certain inputs described in the tables at pages 50 to 56 of the typed set. In relation thereto, the following finding was recorded:

“I have carefully perused the reply sample invoice filed by the tax payer for availed ineligible ITC U/s 17(5). On verification documents filed by the tax payer and GSTR 2A it is found that the tax payer’s have availed Input Tax Credit which are blocked credit U/s 17(5) not being for furtherance of business. Hence ITC is disallowed as not eligible.

IGST tax due Rs.15,255
CGST Tax due Rs.12,41,858/-
SGST Tax due Rs.12,41,858/-
Total Tax due Rs.24,98,971/-

The Taxpayer instructed to pay the tax and Penalty under section 74, and also interest under section 50 of the TNGST Act, 2017.”

6. Except for holding that the tax payer had availed Input Tax Credit which is blocked credit under Section 17(5), no reasons are specified as to why such Input Tax Credit was denied.

7. In these circumstances, the impugned order calls for interference with regard to the three issues discussed above. Consequently, the impugned order is set aside in relation to these three issues and remanded for re-consideration. The first respondent is directed to provide a reasonable opportunity to the petitioner, including a personal hearing, and thereafter issue a fresh order within two months from the date of receipt of a copy of this order. For the avoidance of doubt, it is made clear that the observations set out in this order are not intended to be binding on the first respondent while undertaking re-consideration.

8. W.P.No.9030 of 2024 is disposed of on the above terms. No costs. Consequently, W.M.P.Nos.10042 and 10043 of 2024 are closed.

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May 2024