CA Hemant P. Vastani
Input Service Distributor (ISD) means an office of the supplier of goods or services or both which receives tax invoices towards receipt of input services and issues a prescribed document for the purposes of distributing the credit of central tax (CGST), State tax (SGST)/ Union territory tax (UTGST) or integrated tax (IGST) paid on the said services to a supplier of taxable goods or services or both having same PAN as that of the ISD.
It is important to note that the ISD mechanism is meant only for distributing the credit on common invoices pertaining to input services only and not goods (inputs or capital goods). Companies may have their head office at one place and units at other places which may be registered separately. The Head Office would be procuring certain services which would be for common utilization of all units across the country. The bills for such expenses would be raised on the Head Office. But the Head Office itself would not be providing any output supply so as to utilize the credit which gets accumulated on account of such input services.
Since the common expenditure is meant for the business of all units, it is but natural that the credit of input services in respect of such common invoices should be apportioned between all the consuming units. ISD mechanism enables such proportionate distribution of credit of input services amongst all the consuming units.
The important points for registration of ISD :
For example, if an ISD has 3 units across the country. However, if a particular input service pertains exclusively to only one unit and the bill is raised in the name of ISD, the ISD can distribute the credit only to that unit and not to other units. If the input services are common for all units, then it will be distributed according to the ratio of turnover of all the units. The following illustration will clarify the issue
M/s XYZ Ltd, having its head Office at Mumbai, is registered as ISD. It has three units in different states namely ‘Mumbai’, ‘Chennai’ and ‘Delhi’ which are operational in the current year. M/s XYZ Ltd furnishes the following information for the month of July, 2017 & asks for permission to distribute the below input tax credit to various units.
i. CGST paid on services used only for Mumbai Unit: Rs.300000/-
ii. IGST, CGST & SGST paid on services used for all units: Rs.1200000/-
Total Turnover of the units for the Financial Year 2016-17 are as follows: –
|Total Turnover of three units||Rs. 10, 00, 00,000|
|Turnover of Mumbai unit||Rs. 5, 00, 00,000 (50%)|
|Turnover of Chennai unit||Rs. 3, 00, 00,000 (30%)|
|Turnover of Delhi unit||Rs. 2, 00, 00,000 (20%)|
Computation of Input Tax Credit Distributed to various units is as follows:
|Credit distributed to all units|
|Particulars||Total credit available||Mumbai||Chennai||Delhi|
|CGST paid on services used only
for Mumbai Unit.
|IGST, CGST & SGST paid on services used in all units-
Distribution on pro rata basis to all the units which are operational in the current year
Thus the concept of ISD is a facility made available to business having a large share of common expenditure and billing/payment is done from a centralized location. The mechanism is meant to simplify the credit taking process for entities and the facility is meant to strengthen the seamless flow of credit under GST.