Goods & Service Tax – Key Features

In continuance of our earlier series titled GST Knowledge Series# 1, Understanding the Mechanics of Goods & Service Tax, we have discussed the basic DNA of Goods & Service Tax popularly known as GST. These features as applicable to India were:

  1. DUAL GOODS AND SERVICE TAX
  2. APPLICABILITY OF GST TO ALL TRANSACTIONS
  3. DESTINATION BASED MULTI POINT LEVY
  4. COMPUTATION OF GST ON THE BASIS OF INVOICE CREDIT METHOD
  5. PAYMENT OF GST
  6. UNIFORM PROCEDURE FOR COLLECTION OF GST

In this Article, we will take the discussion forward and discuss in detail about other Salient Features of GST.    

1. THRESHOLD LIMIT

The present threshold limits   prescribed in different State VAT Acts below which VAT is not applicable varies from State to State. A uniform State GST threshold across States is desirable and, therefore, it is considered that a threshold of gross annual turnover of Rs.10 lakh both for goods and services for all the States and Union Territories may be adopted with adequate compensation for the States.The issue is still debated and there is no consensus till date.

2. COMPOSITION SCHEME UNDER GST

The States are also of the view that Composition/ Compounding Scheme for the purpose of GST should have an upper ceiling on gross annual turnover and a floor tax rate with respect to gross annual turnover. The first discussion paper suggests that there would be a compounding cut-off at Rs. 50 lakh of gross annual turnover and a floor rate of 0.5% across the States. The scheme would also allow option for GST registration for dealers with turnover below the compounding cut-off. In reference to Composition scheme, the task force has recommended rate of 1% each on account of CGST and SGST for dealers with the turnover between Rs 10 lacs to Rs 40 lacs.

3. REGISTRATION & TAX PAYER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER

All the taxable entities with turnover above the threshold limit will be required to register and obtain GST registration number. The taxable entities with lower turnover will also have the option to register. As per First Discussion paper, each taxpayer would be allotted a PAN-linked taxpayer identification number with a total of 13/15 digits. This would bring the GST PAN-linked system in line with the prevailing PAN-based system for Income tax, facilitating data exchange and taxpayer compliance. There will be single GST registration number for all branches in a State. Therefore, a dealer having branches across States will have as many GST registration numbers as the number of States in which he operates.

4. INPUT TAX CREDIT (ITC) SET OFF

Since the Central GST and State GST are to be treated separately, taxes paid against the Central GST shall be allowed to be taken as input tax credit (ITC) for the Central GST and could be utilized only against the payment of Central GST. The same principle will be applicable for the State GST. Further, the rules for taking and utilization of credit for the Central GST and the State GST would be aligned.

5. CROSS UTILIZATION OF ITC

Cross utilization of ITC between the Central GST and the State GST would not be allowed except in the case of inter-State supply of goods and services under the integrated goods and service tax (IGST) model.

6. CREDIT ACCUMULATION ON ACCOUNT OF REFUND

Ideally, the problem related to credit accumulation on account of refund of GST should be avoided by both the Centre and the States except in the cases such as exports, purchase of capital goods, input tax at higher rate than output tax etc. where, again refund/adjustment should be completed in a time bound manner.

7. ZERO RATING OF EXPORTS

The first discussion paper has suggested that the exports would be zero-rated. Similar benefits may be given to Special Economic Zones (SEZs). However, such benefits will only be allowed to the processing zones of the SEZs. No benefit to the sales from an SEZ to Domestic Tariff Area (DTA) will be allowed.

8. GST ON IMPORTS

Imports will be brought under the scope of GST with necessary Constitutional Amendments. They will treated at par with inter-state transactions and Integrated goods and service tax (IGST) will be levied on imports. The incidence of tax will follow the destination principle and the tax revenue will accrue to the State where the imported goods and services are consumed. Full and complete set-off will be available on the IGST paid on import on goods and services.

9. SPECIAL INDUSTRIAL AREA SCHEME

After the introduction of GST, the tax exemptions, remissions etc. related to industrial incentives should be converted, if at all needed, into cash refund schemes after collection of tax, so that the GST scheme on the basis of a continuous chain of set-offs is not disturbed.

10. MAINTENANCE OF RECORDS

A taxpayer or exporter would have to maintain separate details in books of account for availment, utilization or refund of Input Tax credit of CGST, SGST and IGST.

11. PERIODICAL RETURNS

The taxpayer would need to submit periodical returns, in common format as far as possible, to both the Central GST authority and to the concerned State GST authorities.

12. ADMINISTRATION OF GST

The administration of the Central GST to the Centre and for State GST to the States would be given. As per the recommendation of Task force report on GST, The Central Board of Excise and Customs(CBEC) shall be responsible for implementation of CGST and state tax administrations will be separately responsible for implementation for SGST.

13. ASSESSMENT

Keeping in mind the need of tax payer’s convenience, functions such as assessment, enforcement, scrutiny and audit would be undertaken by the authority which is collecting the tax, with information sharing between the Centre and the States. The various tax administrative functions such as assessment, enforcement, scrutiny and audit should be undertaken by the CBEC in respect of the CGST and by the State tax administration in respect of the SGST. All procedures under CGST and SGST should be uniform.

The Central Government will be responsible for establishing a taxpayers information network (TINXYS) keeping in view the information requirement of CBEC and the State tax administration. The TIN will be shared between the Centre and the States. The information furnished through periodical returns shall be stored in a common database with access to both the CBEC and the State tax administrations.Since the tax base will be common, there should be a common appellate authority. Similarly, the Authority for Advance Ruling will also be common. No authority should have any power to make preventive detention for the purposes of CGST and SGST.

14. GOODS AND SERVICE TAX COUNCIL

As per the Constitution Amendment Bill, 2014 (‘Bill’), there will be a Goods and Service Tax Council who shall make recommendation to the Union and the States. The Bill provides that the administration of GST would be the responsibility of the GST Council which would then become the apex indirect tax policy making body of the country. This GST Council would be formed by the Central and State level ministers in charge of the finance portfolio.

 GST News Update :
Finance ministry downplays cascading effect of Additional levy of 1%

The finance ministry on Tuesday downplayed the cascading effect of one per cent tax over GST, proposed in the Constitution Amendment Bill.

a)        A key recommendation of the Rajya Sabha’s select committee to confine one per cent tax over the proposed goods and services tax (GST) to only the interstate movement of goods, which are for a consideration, would considerably reduce the contentious cascading effect of the levy, but would not completely eliminate it.

b)        A key official said the tax need not be one per cent, and could be much lower. The Bill says an additional tax on supply of goods, not exceeding one per cent, in the course of interstate trade or commerce, will be imposed. So, it might be, say 0.1 per cent, whose cascading effect would not be as high as feared, the official explained.

c)        He said there is no problem in compensating states entirely for their losses due to the switch-over to the GST regime for five years.

GST is by far one of the most important and voluminous Indirect Taxation reform in India which has far reaching effects. GST Knowledge Series is an attempt to spread awareness of the Proposed GST Regime in clear and concise manner.

Author – CA CA Chitresh GuptaGupta, B.Com(H), FCA, IFRS (Certified), IDT (Certified) is Author of Book “An Insight Into Goods & Service Tax”  and also Managing Partner at M/s Chitresh Gupta & Associates and can be reached at M – 9910367918, Email Id: gupta_chitresh@yahoo.in

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2 responses to “Goods & Service Tax – Key Features- GST Knowledge Series-2”

  1. franklings says:

    If GTA (by road) (Transportation of canteen items( flours, pulses milk products, rice, sallt and other items needed at military/airforce unit run canteen) can convince the service tax authority that the nature of GTA business is purely related to the welfare of the public (defence personals /ex-service men and their families), can the GTA get service tax exemption,

  2. RYSA Infratech says:

    Can you clarify whether Govt. of India enterprises like NHPC is exempted for sewage treatment plant installed at their power house, as per NHPC they are public limited company and their plant is installed under Factory Act hence not exempted for service tax for any services. Is it true??
    Whereas, As per exemption applicable from 1st April 2015 Exemption presently available on specified services provided to the Government, a local authority or a

    governmental authority by way of construction‘ erection, commissioning, installation, completion, fitting out, repair,

    maintenance, renovation, or alteration of – (vide S. No. 12 of the notification No. 25/12-ST ) shall be Limited only to,-

    (c) pipeline, conduit or plant for (i) water supply (ii) water treatment, or (iii) sewerage treatment or disposal.

  3. CA L.R.Vishnuram says:

    Sir,

    With regard to the Registration under Goods and Services Tax, I go through your article titled as “GST Knowledge Series # 2 – Goods & Service Tax – Key Features” By CA Chitresh Gupta discussed under the paragraph “Registration & Tax Payer Identification Number” given your view which are as
    follows:

    “As per First Discussion Paper each Taxpayer would be allotted a PAN-linked taxpayer identification number with a total of 13/15 digits. This would bring the GST PAN-linked system in line with the prevailing PAN-based system of Income Tax, facilitating data exchange and tax payer compliance.

    There will be single GST Registration number for all branches in a state. There fore a dealer having branches across States will have as many GST Registration Numbers as the number of States in which he operates”.

    I came across article under the caption ” GST Benefits for Startups and Entrepreneurs in India ” wherein it has been mentioned in the 4th paragraph as follows :
    “Under GST regime, business would no longer have to obtain multiple VAT Registration – as a single GST Registration would be applicable across India. The procedure for obtaining GST Registration would also be standardized thereby improving the ease of starting a new business in India.

    Further, with the implementation of GST in India, the procedure for GST registration would be centralized and standardized similar to service tax registration.

    In the above article, it has been given the view of “as a single GST Registration would be applicable across India”.

    Where as in your article another view of “There will be single GST Registration number for all branches in a state. There fore, a dealer having branches across State will have as many GST numbers as the number of States in which he operates”.

    Which opinion can be taken and which will be accepted by the Government since the Bill passed in the Lok Shabha.

    Kindly inform the recent updated position in this regard that has been taken by the Government in the implementation of Goods & Services Tax Act.

    Expecting your early reply.

    Thanks & Regards,
    CA L.R.Vishnuram
    Chartered Accountant

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