Dr. Sanjiv Agarwal

The banking practice shall soon change for all of us when the new cheque regime comes into force w.e.f. January 1, 2013.

India shall be migrating to new cheque truncation system, popularly called CTS with the objective of making inter-bank transactions and money related transactions faster, cheaper and safer. The payment settlement system including clearing will become more robust and mechanical leaving very little room for human errors. The entire banking industry in India- be it public sector or private sector, banks will implement the new cheque books w.e.f. 1st January 2013.

Advantage CTS

• Less human intervention and errors

• No physical transfer of funds faster

• Low cost of transaction

• Safer – no frauds may happen

• High security cheque forms

• Loss in transit eliminated .

The cheque books which most of us presently use will no longer be in use from January 1,2013. Even if a cheque has been issued in old form before 1st January 2013, it may not be cleared for technical reason if presented on or after January 1, 2013.

The new cheque books which will be in used and accepted in new year has certain peculiar security features. Old cheque leaves will not be accepted by banks for clearing and only new feature cheques will be honoured. That’ why all banks are asking their customers to get the new cheque books issued by SMS, be email, by letter and even by way of public announcement.

Under the new CTS, new form cheque books shall be used which will carry a special water mark of ‘CTS- India’ visible under any light source. Not only this, if someone tries to obtain a photocopy of the same, the word ‘VOID’ will be visible on photocopies.

Such cheques will be cleared for payment within 24 hours as against 2-4 days now as it would eliminate physical movement of cheques from branches to the clearing house of Reserve Bank of India. Presently cheques are physically cleared and payments are effected by third day after the cheques are lodged for clearing. Henceforth, cheques would be cleared for payment by electronic mean through online payment gateway which will be encrypted and hence highly secure. Cheques will be cleared on the basis of electronic images.

While cheque related frauds will come down substantially in new cheque truncation system, it may end up levying some cost of transaction on the customers at a later stage. This is because it involves huge investment. However, recurring costs to bank will be reduce so far as manpower cost and other operational costs are concerned.

Though all banks have notified in advance about new CTS regime with effect from January 1,2013, RBI and may be liberal for some more time for which we will have to wait for  official announcement. However, if would be advisable for bank customers to switch to new CTS cheque books as early as possible in their own interest.

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0 responses to “Check Your Bank Cheques”

  1. Sandeep Mahajan says:

    there is cost attached to printing and sending cheque books to all. 50% of which are not actively using there account.

  2. vikas says:

    Dear All,

    I am having PDCs from couple of people who I have extended a loan on interest. As I understand that these cheques may become obsolete post 31st March, I have requested them to replace the PDCs with new CTS 2010 cheques.

    One of the borrower is sowing resistance to issue fresh cheques. Is there a legal remedy available which will force him to provide new cheques or return the loan amount?

    Should I present these cheques for clearing and let them bounce to file a case u/s 138?

    Please suggest?

  3. Sanjib says:

    I have found that certain SBI branches in Mumbai is despatching NEW cheque books to customers WITHOUT having to submit any cheque book request form.




  4. B C Rath says:

    Are the RBI and all Banks insane ? When it is decided that new CTS system will be operative from 1st January 2013 why can they not issue new cheque books to all the customers in advance instead of waiting for lacs of customers to submit request at Banks ? This is strange Govt like attitude !!

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