“Explore the world of trademarks and understand the significance of trademark hearings in the registration process. Learn about eligibility, required documents, and the process in India. Get answers to frequently asked questions about trademark hearings and ensure a smooth navigation of this crucial step in protecting your brand identity.”

Understanding Trademarks

A trademark is a distinctive symbol or sign that represents your goods or services. It can take various forms, such as a word, phrase, symbol, design, or a combination of these elements. The purpose of a trademark is to help customers identify and recognize your brand in the marketplace, setting you apart from your competitors.

Trademark Hearing Explained

Trademark hearing is a crucial step in the trademark registration process. After submitting a trademark application and receiving an examination report from the Registrar of trademarks, there may be instances where the reply to the examination report is unsuccessful. In such cases, the Registrar may send the applicant a show cause notice, which initiates the trademark hearing process.

Eligibility for Trademark Hearing in India

To be eligible for a trademark hearing, your trademark reply must not have been accepted by the Registrar of trademarks. In other words, if the reply to the examination report did not meet the Registrar’s requirements, a show cause notice will be issued, and a hearing will be scheduled.

Documents Required for Trademark Hearing in India

When preparing for a trademark hearing in India, you will need to gather certain documents, including:

1. Trademark examination report: The initial report received from the Registrar of trademarks.

2. Copy of trademark reply to examination report: The response submitted to address the concerns raised in the examination report.

3. TM-A form: This form authorizes an attorney to act on your behalf during the hearing.

4. Additional documents: Any supporting documents or evidence that the attorney believes are necessary to support your case.

Process of Trademark Hearing in India

Trademark hearings in India can be conducted either in person or through audiovisual means, and the applicant or their representative can participate. Although there is no formal code established for the hearing process, the following aspects are generally covered:

1. Appearance before the council: The applicant or their representative must appear before the trademark officer on the designated date and time for the hearing.

2. Presentation of the case: The matter should be presented to the trademark officer, along with supporting documents, submissions, and relevant legal precedents.

3. Judgment or delay: The officer may deliver an immediate judgment (rejecting or approving the trademark) or postpone the decision for a few days after considering the entire case.


How to check trademark hearing status: To check the status of a trademark hearing, you need to request information from the Hearing Board of Trademarks.

Meaning of “ready for show cause hearing trademark”: This status indicates that a summons has been issued by the Trademark Hearing Board, requiring the applicant to present their case before the Registrar.

Attendance at the hearing: Any authorized representative can attend the hearing on behalf of the applicant through a power of attorney. It is not mandatory for the applicant to be physically present.

Adjournment of a trademark hearing: If the hearing is not attended, the concerned officer may abandon the trademark. However, you can also request an adjournment by filing Form TM-M with the required fees at least three days before the scheduled hearing date.

In conclusion, a trademark hearing plays a vital role in the trademark registration process. It involves presenting your case and supporting documentation to the trademark officer for their evaluation and decision. By understanding the process and requirements, applicants can navigate the trademark hearing with greater confidence.


Author Bio

Qualification: CS
Company: Anupama Tripathi & Associates
Location: New Delhi, Delhi, India
Member Since: 07 Apr 2021 | Total Posts: 30
Anupama Tripathi, the co-founder of Alliance Professional, she is a Company Secretary in Practice and pursuing Law from University of Delhi and did her graduation from Jesus & Mary Collage, University of Delhi. She has an experience of more than 5+ years. She did her internships from PSU liste View Full Profile

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February 2024