Ministry of Commerce & Industry

INDIA’S FOREIGN TRADE: March 2020

Posted On: 15 APR 2020

India’s overall exports (Merchandise and Services combined) in April-March 2019-20* are estimated to be USD 528.45 billion, exhibiting a negative growth of (-) 1.36 per cent over the same period last year. Overall imports in April-March 2019-20* are estimated to be USD 598.61 billion, exhibiting a negative growth of (-) 6.33 per cent over the same period last year.

India’s foreign trade March 2020

*Note: The latest data for services sector released by RBI is for February 2020. The data for March 2020 is an estimation, which will be revised based on RBI’s subsequent release.

1. MERCHANDISE TRADE

EXPORTS (including re-exports)

Exports in March 2020 were USD 21.41 billion, as compared to USD 32.72 billion in March 2019, exhibiting a negative growth of (-) 34.57per cent. In Rupee terms, exports were Rs. 1,59,157.98crore in March 2020, as compared to Rs. 2,27,318.25crore in March 2019, registering a negative growth of (-) 29.98per cent.The decline in exports has been mainly due to the ongoing global slowdown, which got aggravated due to the current Covid-19 crisis. The latter resulted in large scale disruptions in supply chains and demand resulting in cancellation of orders.

Except for Iron ore, which registered a growth of 58.43%, all other commodity/commodity groups have registered negative growth in March 2020 vis-a-vs March 2019.

Major commodity groups which have recorded negative growth during March 2020 vis-à-vis March 2019 are Oil meals (-69.85%), Meat, dairy & poultry products (-45.48%), Engineering goods (-42.32%), Gems & jewellery (-41.05%), Leather & leather products (-36.78%), Plastic & Linoleum (-35.67%), RMG of all textiles (-34.91%), Carpet   (-34.72%), Mica, Coal & other ores, minerals including processed minerals (-34.06%), Tea (-33.74%), Other cereals  (-33.42%), Organic & inorganic chemicals (-32.88%), Cotton yarn/fabs./made-ups, Handloom products etc.  (-32.16%), Petroleum products  (-31.12%) and Rice (-28.28%).

Cumulative value of exports for the period April-March 2019-20 was USD314.31 billion (Rs.22,26,566.71crore) as against USD 330.08 billion (Rs.23,07,726.19crore) during the period April-March 2018-19, registering a negative growth of (-)4.78per cent in Dollar terms (negative growth of (-)3.52per cent in Rupee terms).

Non-petroleum and Non-Gems and Jewellery exports in March 2020 were USD16.90 billion, as compared to USD 25.68 billion in March 2019, exhibiting a negative growth of (-) 34.19per cent. Non-petroleum and Non-Gems and Jewellery exports in April-March 2019-20 were USD 235.73 billion, as compared to USD 243.27 billion for the corresponding period in 2018-19, a decrease of (-) 3.10 per cent.

IMPORTS

Imports in March 2020 were USD 31.16 billion (Rs.2,31,710.92crore), which was 28.72per cent lower in Dollar terms and 23.72per cent lower in Rupee terms over imports of USD 43.72 billion (Rs3,03,753.76crore) in March 2019. Cumulative value of imports for the period April-March 2019-20 was USD 467.19 billion (Rs.33,07,977.05crore), as against USD 514.08 billion (Rs.35,94,674.61crore) during the period April-March 2018-19, registering a negative growth of  (-)9.12per cent in Dollar terms (negative growth of (-)7.98per cent in Rupee terms).

Major commodity groups of import showing negative growth in March 2020 over the corresponding month of last year are:

India’s foreign trade March 2020 Image 2

Rise in import in March 2020 was witnessed only in Transport equipment, which registered a growth of 11.94% over March 2019.

CRUDE OIL AND NON-OIL IMPORTS:

Oil imports in March 2020 were USD 10.01 billion (Rs. 74,462.00crore), which was 15.00 percent lower in Dollar terms (9.03percent lower in Rupee terms), compared to USD 11.78 billion (Rs. 81,857.53crore) in March 2019. Oil imports in April-March 2019-20 were USD 129.43 billion (Rs. 9,17,306.25crore) which was 8.15per cent lower in Dollar terms (6.99percent lower in Rupee terms) compared to USD 140.92 billion (Rs. 9,86,275.06crore), over the same period last year.

In this connection it is mentioned that the global Brent price ($/bbl) has decreased by 50.34% in March 2020 vis-à-vis March2 019 as per data available from World Bank.

Non-oil imports in March 2020 were estimated at USD 21.15 billion (Rs. 1,57,248.92crore) which was 33.78per cent lower in Dollar terms (29.13percent lower in Rupee terms), compared to USD 31.94 billion (Rs. 2,21,896.23crore) in March 2019. Non-oil imports in April-March 2019-20 were USD 337.76 billion (Rs. 23,90,670.80crore) which was 9.49per cent lower in Dollar terms (8.35percent lower in Rupee terms), compared to USD 373.16 billion (Rs. 26,08,399.55crore) in April-March 2018-19.

Non-Oil and Non-Gold imports were USD19.92 billion in March 2020, recording a negative growth of (-)30.47per cent, as compared to Non-Oil and Non-Gold imports of USD 28.65billion in March 2019. Non-Oil and Non-Gold imports were USD 309.53 billion in April-March 2019-20, recording a negative growth of (-)9.03per cent, as compared to Non-Oil and Non-Gold imports USD 340.25billion in April-March 2018-19.

II. TRADE IN SERVICES

EXPORTS (Receipts)

As per the latest press release by RBI dated 15th April 2020, exports in February 2020 were USD 17.73 billion (Rs. 1,26,713.37crore) registering a positive growth of 6.88per cent in dollar terms, vis-à-vis February 2019. The estimated value of services export for March 2020* is USD 17.69 billion.

IMPORTS (Payments)

As per the latest press release by RBI dated 15th April 2020, imports in February 2020 were USD 11.07 billion (Rs. 79,116.32 crore) registering a positive growth of 12.82per cent in dollar terms, vis-à-vis February 2019. The estimated value of service import for March 2020* is USD 10.97billion.

III.TRADE BALANCE

MERCHANDISE: The trade deficit for March 2020 was estimated at USD 9.76billion as against the deficit of USD 11.00 billion in March 2019.

SERVICES: As per RBI’s Press Release dated 15th April 2020, the trade balance in Services (i.e. Net Services export) for February 2020 is estimated at USD 6.66 billion.

OVERALL TRADE BALANCE: Taking merchandise and services together, overall trade deficit for April-March 2019-20* is estimated at US D 70.16 billion as compared to USD 103.32 billion in April-March 2018-19.

*Note: The latest data for services sector released by RBI is for February 2020. The data for March 2020 is an estimation, which will be revised based on RBI’s subsequent release.  

MERCHANDISE TRADE

EXPORTS & IMPORTS  : (US $ Billion)
(PROVISIONAL)
MARCH APRIL-MARCH
EXPORTS(including re-exports)
2018-19 32.72 330.08
2019-20 21.41 314.31
%Growth 2019-20/ 2018-19 -34.57 -4.78
IMPORTS
2018-19 43.72 514.08
2019-20 31.16 467.19
%Growth 2019-20/ 2018-19 -28.72 -9.12
TRADE BALANCE
2018-19 -11.00 -184.00
2019-20 -9.76 -152.88
EXPORTS &IMPORTS: (Rs. Crore)
(PROVISIONAL)
MARCH APRIL-MARCH
EXPORTS(including re-exports)
2018-19 2,27,318.25 23,07,726.19
2019-20 1,59,157.98 22,26,566.71
%Growth 2019-20/ 2018-19 -29.98 -3.52
IMPORTS
2018-19 3,03,753.76 35,94,674.61
2019-20 2,31,710.92 33,07,977.05
%Growth 2019-20/ 2018-19 -23.72 -7.98
TRADE BALANCE
2018-19 -76,435.51 -12,86,948.42
2019-20 -72,552.94 -10,81,410.34

SERVICES TRADE

EXPORTS & IMPORTS (SERVICES) : (US $ Billion)
(PROVISIONAL) February 2020 April-February 2019-20
EXPORTS (Receipts) 17.73 196.44
IMPORTS (Payments) 11.07 120.45
TRADE BALANCE 6.66 76.00
EXPORTS & IMPORTS (SERVICES): (Rs. Crore)
(PROVISIONAL) February 2020 April-February 2019-20
EXPORTS (Receipts) 1,26,713.37 13,86,895.98
IMPORTS (Payments) 79,116.32 8,50,362.57
TRADE BALANCE 47,597.04 5,36,533.41
Source: RBI Press Release dated 15th April 2020

*Note: The latest data for services sector released by RBI is for February 2020. The data for March 2020 is an estimation, which will be revised based on RBI’s subsequent release.

QUICK ESTIMATES FOR SELECTED MAJOR COMMODITIES FOR MARCH 2020

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