The word “Right” connotes certain advantage to its holder. In order to increase the subscribed/Paid-up Share Capital of a Company, shares are issued on Rights basis to its existing shareholders in proportion to their holdings or a decided ratio in the subject Company for consideration. The shares which are offered for subscription to the existing shareholders are usually at a price that is lower than the existing market price of the shares.
By issuing shares on Rights basis a Company can have access to additional funds with no extra cost. This is a major advantage and an important reason why many companies are moving more and more towards Rights Issue for catering to its additional financial requirement as opposed to borrowings from banks and other financial institutions which involve a lot of formalities/ documentations and also additional interest cost.
In this article, we intend to cover provisions and procedures involved in Rights Issue.
Issue of Share on Rights basis is covered under Section 62 of the Companies Act, 2013 and Companies (Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Rules, 2014.
Shareholders as on a particular cut-off date are eligible to participate in the Rights Issue of the Company.
Sending of Letters of Offer:
Letters of Offer shall be sent to all eligible shareholders specifying the number of shares offered. The offer shall be made by notice and must mention the period within which the offer must be accepted and in case the same is not accepted within the timelines, offer shall be deemed to have been declined. The notice as aforesaid must be sent to all eligible shareholders atleast 3 days before the opening of the offer. However, in case of a Private Company a period shorter than 3 days may be allowed provided that such shorter notice is consented by not less than 90% of the shareholders of the Company.
Mode of sending offer notices:
Offer notices can be sent in any of the following modes:
Offer to subscribe to the shares of the Company shall be open for a minimum of 15 days and a maximum of 30 days’ time period. However, in case of a Private Company, a period shorter than the 15 days may be allowed provided that the same is consented by not less than 90% of the shareholders of the Company.
Renunciation of Rights:
Unless the articles of association of the Company provide otherwise, the right offered to the shareholders of the Company can be renounced in favour of any other person and the offer letter must contain a statement of this right.
Once the offer period closes, the Board of Directors of the Company shall arrange a meeting for allotment of shares to those shareholders who have accepted the offer and to dispose-off those shares which are not accepted by the shareholders in such manner which is not dis-advantageous to the shareholders and the Company.
Following procedure should be followed by the Company intending to issue shares through Rights issue:
Through this brief article we have tried to cover mostly all the aspects of the subject. Any observations, comments and views are most welcome.