Brief and Purpose of Right Issue of Shares:

The word “Right” connotes certain advantage to its holder. In order to increase the subscribed/Paid-up Share Capital of a Company, shares are issued on Rights basis to its existing shareholders in proportion to their holdings or a decided ratio in the subject Company for consideration. The shares which are offered for subscription to the existing shareholders are usually at a price that is lower than the existing market price of the shares.

By issuing shares on Rights basis a Company can have access to additional funds with no extra cost. This is a major advantage and an important reason why many companies are moving more and more towards Rights Issue for catering to its additional financial requirement as opposed to borrowings from banks and other financial institutions which involve a lot of formalities/ documentations and also additional interest cost.

In this article, we intend to cover provisions and procedures involved in Rights Issue.

Statutory Provisions of Right Issue of Shares:

Issue of Share on Rights basis is covered under Section 62 of the Companies Act, 2013 and Companies (Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Rules, 2014.


Shareholders as on a particular cut-off date are eligible to participate in the Rights Issue of the Company.

Sending of Letters of Offer:

Letters of Offer shall be sent to all eligible shareholders specifying the number of shares offered. The offer shall be made by notice and must mention the period within which the offer must be accepted and in case the same is not accepted within the timelines, offer shall be deemed to have been declined. The notice as aforesaid must be sent to all eligible shareholders atleast 3 days before the opening of the offer. However, in case of a Private Company a period shorter than 3 days may be allowed provided that such shorter notice is consented by not less than 90% of the shareholders of the Company.

Mode of sending offer notices:

Offer notices can be sent in any of the following modes:

  1. Registered post
  2. Speed post
  3. Any other electronic mode
  4. Any other mode having proof of delivery

Offer Period:

Offer to subscribe to the shares of the Company shall be open for a minimum of 15 days and a maximum of 30 days’ time period. However, in case of a Private Company, a period shorter than the 15 days may be allowed provided that the same is consented by not less than 90% of the shareholders of the Company.

Renunciation of Rights:

Unless the articles of association of the Company provide otherwise, the right offered to the shareholders of the Company can be renounced in favour of any other person and the offer letter must contain a statement of this right.

Post offer:

Once the offer period closes, the Board of Directors of the Company shall arrange a meeting for allotment of shares to those shareholders who have accepted the offer and to dispose-off those shares which are not accepted by the shareholders in such manner which is not dis-advantageous to the shareholders and the Company.

Procedure for Right Issue of Shares:

Following procedure should be followed by the Company intending to issue shares through Rights issue:

  • Issue notice for the meeting of board of directors of the Company to consider issuing shares on rights basis, fixing the rights issue ratio, fixing record date for issuing letter of offers to the shareholders and time period for which the offer shall remain open.
  • Filing of form MGT-14 for Board Resolution for Rights Issue of shares within 30 days of passing of resolution.
  • Issuing Letters of Offers to all eligible shareholders of the Company.
  • Receiving subscription monies from the shareholders.
  • Once the offer is concluded, a meeting of the Board of directors of the Company shall be held for allotment of shares and thereupon for issue of share certificates to all the allottes.
  • Payment of Stamp Duty on the allotment of shares should be duly made at 0.10% of the consideration amount.
  • The share Certificates duly stamped, signed and executed should be allotted within a period of two months to the eligible shareholders.
  • Filing of return of allotment alongwith the list of allotees and the certified true copy of the Board resolution with the Registrar of Companies in form PAS-3 within 30 days of allotment.
  • Registers of members shall be updated duly after the issue and allotment process is completed.


Through this brief article we have tried to cover mostly all the aspects of the subject. Any observations, comments and views are most welcome.

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Location: MUMBAI, Maharashtra, IN
Member Since: 02 Dec 2018 | Total Posts: 3

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  1. NIRMAL KUMAR says:

    Sir in case of private limited if company a shareholder declined to apply for right issue thought mail and remaining shareholder has subscribed their rights shares in that case can issue close before 15 days without consent of 90% shareholder and allot shares to shareholder who applied for rights issue.

  2. Bhupesh Mittal says:

    Hi Simit,

    Very Nice and informative article but there is confusion in regarding filing of MGT-14 in case of private company.

    Can you share notification or other reference for clarity in regarding filing MGT-14 (after 07.05.2019)


  3. Brajesh kumar says:

    Dear Simit,

    As per notification dated 05 June, 2015, section 117(3)(g) shall not apply to private company so that MGT-14 is not required to file in right issue.

  4. shivani says:

    Nicely compiled details. Kindly advise whether Offer period can be kept open for more than 30 days by a private company. What are the repercussions if shares are allotted to shareholder who applied after offer closes.

    1. CSSIMIT says:

      Thank you Mr. Anand. As per section 117 of the CA, 2013 amended as on May 7, 2018, the provisions of the Section shall apply to resolutions passed under Section 179 (3) of the CA 2013 wherein issue of securities is listed. Earlier it was not mandatory for Private Companies but it has been mandated for private Companies as well from May 7, 2018 to intimate ROC in form MGT-14 regarding offer.

      1. Bhupesh Mittal says:

        Hi Simit,

        Very Nice and informative article but there is confusion in regarding filing of MGT-14 in case of private company.

        Can you share notification or other reference for clarity in regarding filing MGT-14 (after 07.05.2019)


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