Before moving to the process of Incorporating producer company, we will discuss the basic information about Producer Companies.
A producer company is a body corporate which is governed by the provisions under chapter IXA (Section 581A to 581ZL) of Companies Act, 1956 (CA, 2013 doesn’t have any specific provision about producer companies therefore Chapter IXA of Companies Act, 1956 has not been repealed). Producer Company can only be incorporated for pursuing objects under section 581B of Companies Act, 1956 which has been explained in detail later in the article. Producer Company can be formed only by producer.
Producer means any person engaged in any activity connected with or relatable to primary produce.
“Primary produce” means
(i) produce of farmers, arising from agriculture (including animal husbandry, horticulture, floriculture, pisciculture, viticulture, forestry, forest products, re-vegetation, bee raising and farming plantation products), or from any other primary activity or service which promotes the interest of the farmers or consumers; or
(ii) produce of persons engaged in handloom, handicraft and other cottage industries;
(iii) any product resulting from any of the above activities, including by-products of such products;
(iv) any product resulting from an ancillary activity that would assist or promote any of the aforesaid activities or anything ancillary thereto;
(v) any activity which is intended to increase the production of anything referred to in sub-clauses (i) to (iv) or improve the quality thereof;
If any person is engaged in the aforesaid activities, then such persons can form a Producer Company to pursue any of the following object –
a. Production, harvesting, procurement, grading, pooling, handling, marketing, selling, export of primary produce of the Members or import of goods or services for their benefit :
Provided that the Producer Company may carry on any of the activities specified in this clause either by itself or through other institution;
b. Processing including preserving, drying, distilling, brewing, vinting, canning and packaging of produce of its Members;
c. Manufacture, sale or supply of machinery, equipment or consumables mainly to its Members;
d. Providing education on the mutual assistance principles to its Members and others;
e. Rendering technical services, consultancy services, training, research and development and all other activities for the promotion of the interests of its Members;
f. Generation, transmission and distribution of power, revitalisation of land and water resources, their use, conservation and communications relatable to primary produce;
g. Insurance of producers or their primary produce;
h. Promoting techniques of mutuality and mutual assistance;
i. welfare measures or facilities for the benefit of Members as may be decided by the Board;
j. Any other activity, ancillary or incidental to any of the activities referred to in clauses (a) to (i) or other activities which may promote the principles of mutuality and mutual assistance amongst the Members in any other manner;
k. financing of procurement, processing, marketing or other activities specified in clauses (a) to (j) which include extending of credit facilities or any other financial services to its Members.
FORMATION OF PRODUCER COMPANY:
Who can form Producer Company?
Can form a producer company.
1. There must be minimum 5 directors in a producer company.
2. Producer company is always a private limited company.
3. Producer Company will be governed by the provisions of Chapter IXA of Companies Act, 1956.
4. Voting rights in producer company shall be based on a single vote for every member.
5. No person, who has any business interest which is in conflict with business of the Producer Company, shall become a Member of that Company.
6. Every Producer Company shall deal primarily with the produce of its active Members for carrying out any of its objects specified in this section.
7. The name of the Company shall end with “Producer Company Limited” which shall be stated in the Memorandum.
8. The AOA and MOA of producer company shall be prepared in accordance with the provision under section 581F and 581G respectively.
9. One-fourth of the total membership shall constitute the quorum at a General Meeting.
10. Share Capital of a producer company shall consist of equity shares only.
INCORPORATION OF PRODUCER COMPANY:
Documents required to be attached in SPICe:
General Practical issues observed in SPICe form while incorporating Producer Company:
The major issue being faced while incorporating producer Companies is the size of form after attaching documents and affixing DSC. In this case, following may help in reducing the size of the form:
The article has been written by Siddarth Agarwal, Practising Company Secretary carrying his practice in Delhi-NCR and Guwahati. Due care has been taken to ensure the correctness of information. However, this article cannot be construed as legal opinion and writer will not be liable for any claim. Any suggestions are welcome to increase the effectiveness of the article. For detailed analysis on any of the provision or for any query, writer can be contacted on the given contact details.
You can reach him on +91 99998 42474 or +91 84710 19192 or through email – [email protected]