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In the corporate sector, businesses use different models to manage their operations and finances effectively.  Holding and auxiliary are the most two common forms of firms each defining its functions and advantages. Let’s dive into gaining knowledge on the key differences between holding and auxiliary companies.

What does holding company mean?

A holding company can be defined as an organization that does not involve its active operations or productions, but the holder of its assets for instance, an auxiliary company, stocks, or other investments. The main purpose of a holding company is to influence other businesses, usually by gaining a majority of voting stock. Holding firms have a consolidated plan to manage and supervise their firms.

What does the auxiliary company mean?

An auxiliary company can be defined as, a corporate firm that is under the control of a parent company or holding company. Usually, parent firms hold the authority of more than 50% of the of the voting stock of auxiliary companies. Auxiliary companies can run their operations independently, they are subject to parent companies’ guidelines and plans.

1. Legal Framework:

Holding Company

  • The usual forms of holding companies are legal liability companies and corporations.

  • They are not involved in the daily operations or do not provide goods or services.

Auxiliary Company

  • Based on jurisdiction, an subsidiary can be framed as an LLC, organization, or other legal entity.

  • It operates independently, based on the structure sent by the parent company.

Gaining Knowledge on differences between Holding & Auxiliary Companies

2. Ownership and supervision:

Holding Company

  • The parent company owns its shares or assets of other auxiliary firms.

  • It supervises through ownership but does not run the operations of auxiliary firms.

 Auxiliary Company

  • Auxiliary is owned and supervised by a holding company.

  • It operates independently, based on the framework developed by the parent company.

3. Tax Levied

Holding Company

  • Based on jurisdiction, they may be subjected to specific regulations and tax laws.

  • Offers tax benefits such as Centralized tax management and possible tax savings through inter-entity


Auxiliary Company

  • Operates as an individual firm, potentially subjected to different tax rates and regulations from its parent company.

  • Tax liabilities can be impacted by inter-entity transactions and Transfer pricing.

4. Risk management and Asset Security

Holding Company

  • Acts as a layer of protection between the auxiliaries and external risks.

  • Controls the liabilities to the assets of individual auxiliaries.

Auxiliary Company

  • From Parent company oversights and centralized resources, it may get an advantage.

  • While operating autonomously, make use of the parent firm’s assistance.

5. Investment and Diversification

Holding Company

  • Encourages investment diversification by holding an interest in multiple businesses across different industries.

  • allows resource allocation and control with focus.

Auxiliary Company

  • gains from the parent company’s stability and financial support.

  • To grow and expand, one can take advantage of the parent company’s brand, resources, and experience.


As holding and auxiliary firms offer distinct purposes and functions, both are essential to corporate systems. holding firms work strategically, managing assets and backups, whereas auxiliary firms function independently as a firm under the parent company’s supervision and gain access to centralized assistance and management. In this dynamic world, gaining knowledge of these differences is significant for them to expand their business, operational efficiency, and investment portfolio.

Author Bio

Ishita is a young woman entrepreneur and currently the Operations Director at ebizfiling India Private Limited. In her entire career so far, she has led a team of 50+ professionals like CA, CS, MBAs and retired bankers. Apart from her individual experience on almost every facet of Indian Statutory View Full Profile

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May 2024