MOTIVATION: A reason or reasons for acting or behaving in a particular way.
Motivation is the reason for people’s actions, willingness and goals. Motivation is derived from the word motive which is defined as a need that requires satisfaction. These needs could also be wants or desires that are acquired through influence of culture, society, and lifestyle.
√ Needs are basic requirements for survival and may be physical or psychological; for example, hunger, thirst, love or friendship.
√ Values are the things that we consider to be most important; for example, family, health or wealth.
√ Goals are the outcomes that we are working towards.
Originally, motivation was analyzed as a singular determinant of human thoughts, feelings, and actions. It was quickly recognized, however, that motivation operates in concert with other determinants (e.g., cognition, affect, habits). This insight has allowed the psychology of motivation to progress to a very sophisticated level to answer to the question as to which of the human needs are to be differentiated and how these needs manage to guide and energize people. It has also promoted considering the concept of goals (on top of incentives and expectations) which allowed a better understanding of action control; willpower is nowadays analyzed in terms of the effective (effortful and/or automatic) self-regulation of goal pursuit.
EFFECTS OF MOTIVATION
Both positive and negative motivation could lead to the same result however on the long run the overuse of negative motivation may result in problems like hating the person who uses it against you. For example a boss who always uses negative motivation to motivate his employees is most likely going to be hated.