Case Law Details

Case Name : Commissioner of Central Excise, Customs & Service Tax, Kerala Vs. Kuttukaran Trading Ventures [(2015) 53 taxmann.com 532 (SC)]
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Non-Authorised service station not liable to pay Service tax on Maintenance or Repair of any ‘part’ of motor vehicle – SC dismissed SLP filed by the Department

In the instant case, Kuttukaran Trading Ventures (the Assessee) was engaged in the business of reconditioning engines and parts thereof and repairs of other parts of vehicles of all brands. The Assessee did not have any authorization from any manufacturer of vehicles/ parts for providing post-sale service to buyers.

The Appellant undertook engine reconditioning works for authorised service stations, local workshops and individual owners of motor vehicles. However, no Service tax was paid on the charges received as consideration for aforesaid works.

Accordingly, the Department sought levy of Service tax under ‘Management, Maintenance or Repair Service’ on the ground that the activities undertaken by the  Assessee  did  not amount to   repairs/ reconditioning of ‘motor vehicles’. Said activities only involved repairs/  reconditioning  of vehicle IC engines and other parts, which were only ‘equipments/ goods’  and  therefore the activities were not excluded from levy of Service tax under ‘Management, Maintenance or Repair Service’.

On appeal being filed to the Hon’ble Tribunal, the contentions of the Department were upheld and demand of service tax was confirmed along with interest and penalty.

Being aggrieved, the Assessee filed an appeal before the Hon’ble High Court of Kerala. The Hon’ble High Court decided the matter in favour of the Assessee, holding the following:

  • As per Section 65(64) of the Finance Act, 1994 (“the Finance Act”), Maintenance or repair etc., of any goods or equipment (excluding motor vehicles) is liable to Service tax;
  • For repair etc., motor vehicle may be dismounted either in workshop of the Assessee or in workshop of any other person or even at residence of customer, but, once a part is repaired and fitted to motor vehicle, it will have character of a motor vehicle, which can be used on road. In fact, motor vehicle includes all its parts;
  • While authorised service stations are liable to Service tax under separate category, exclusion from Section 65(64) is intended for small workshops; thus, exclusion of motor vehicle would mean exclusion of ‘parts’ as well and therefore, the Assessee and other service/maintenance centre or workshop doing maintenance or repairs of any part of motor vehicle are excluded from Service tax under Section 65(64) of the Finance Act;
  • Where there was a bona fide dispute as to whether activity was service eligible to Service tax or not, it cannot be treated that there was a deliberate attempt to evade tax. Hence, imposition of penalty is itself bad in law.

Being aggrieved, the Department filed a Special Leave Petition (SLP) before the Hon’ble Supreme Court against the judgment of the Hon’ble High Court of Kerala.

Recently, the Hon’ble Supreme Court has dismissed the SLP filed by the Department, meaning thereby that the decision of the Hon’ble High Court of Kerala holds good. Accordingly, Non-authorised Service/ maintenance centre or workshop doing maintenance or repairs of any ‘part’ of motor vehicle are excluded from scope of ‘Management, Maintenance or Repair Services’ and are not liable to Service tax.

(Bimal Jain, FCA, FCS, LLB, B.Com (Hons), Mobile: +91 9810604563, Email: bimaljain@hotmail.com)

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