Defence Industry in India is subject to Industrial License under the Industries (Development & Regulation) Act, 1951 and manufacture of small arms and ammunition under the Arms Act, 1959. The detailed guidelines in this regard may be seen under the Press Note available at followed by link Acts & Rules.

Previously, India had relaxed foreign direct investment norms in defence sector, doing away with the clause that allowed only “state of the art” technology to be considered for stakes of more than 49% and thereby giving the government more power to decide on investment proposals by foreign entities.

FDI in Defence

Although the government kept the FDI limit unchanged – at 49% under the automatic route and 100% under approval route – it ushered in a major boost to the small arms manufacturing sector. DIPP vide Press Note No. 5 of 2016 Series dated 24/06/2016 notified review of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Policy on various sectors which includes conditions related to FDI in defence at Para 5 of the said Press Note. According to the revised guidelines, Foreign Direct Investment Cap is 100%. Foreign Direct Investment up to 49% is allowed through automatic route and above 49% under government route wherever it is likely to result in access to modern technology or for other reasons to be recorded.

The other conditions governing FDI Policy in defence manufacturing sector as notified in the Press Note 5 of 2016 Series dated 24/06/2016 are as under:

Other Conditions

Further, the government also cleared ‘strategic partnership’ policy to create a vibrant defence manufacturing ecosystem in the country through involvement of both the major Indian corporates as well as the MSME sector.

Under the policy, selected private firms will be roped in to build military platforms like submarines and fighter jets in India in partnership with foreign entities.

Further, subsequent to abolition of the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) by the Government vide O.M No. 01/01/FC12017-FIPB dated 05.06.2017, the work of granting approval for foreign investment under the extant FDI Policy, has been entrusted to the concerned Administrative Ministries/Departments. The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, Ministry of Commerce & Industry has been given the responsibility of overseeing the applications filed on the Foreign Investment Promotion Portal (FIPP) and to forward the same to the concerned Administrative Ministry. DIPP has finalized a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for examination of foreign investment proposals by Administrative Ministries.

Indian Defence

However, a study has suggested that a minimum of 51 percent FDI must be allowed in defence sector without any conditions so that global players can exercise adequate control over joint ventures that will bring in capital for establishing new facilities and scaling up the current ones while benefiting India through large scale job creation. It said the government must restore and strengthen tax incentives for R&D activities to encourage investments in technological innovations by MSMEs. Given the industry is extremely capital-intensive, steps towards creating infrastructure and policy environment would propel growth of small and medium enterprises.

About the Author

CA Neeraj BhagatAuthor is Neeraj Bhagat, FCA helping foreign companies in setting up of business in India and complying with various tax laws applicable to foreign companies while establishing a business in India. He is also founder of Neeraj Bhagat & Co. Chartered Accountants, a Chartered Accountancy firm established in the year 1997 with its head office at New Delhi. He can be reached at [email protected]

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Neeraj Bhagat & Co. is helping foreign companies in opening up of Liaison/ Branch Office in India and complying with various tax laws applicable to foreign companies while establishing a business in India. Neeraj Bhagat is the founder of Neeraj Bhagat & Co. Chartered Accountants, a Chartered View Full Profile

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One Comment

  1. Padmanabh Ranchhoddas Merchant says:

    Will RSS, mentor of the party in power, be agreeable to Foreign Direct Investment in the Defence Sector of the country? Earlier RSS had advised the Government against divestment of shareholding of Air India in favour of FDI.

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October 2021