Valuation of Equity shares are gaining importance now a days as Tax department has started sending notices to various Private Limited Companies and Unlisted Public Companies to justify the share premium received from the shareholders. Further, Tax Department has also started sending notices to various Individual assessee for purchasing of shares on price lower than its fair Market Value (‘FMV’).

Difference between the Fair Market Value of Shares and Actual Consideration paid is treated as Income from Other Sources under Section 56 of the Income Tax Act and Taxed is levied at applicable rate. Accordingly, it is utmost important to obtain Valuation Report before entering into any such transactions.

Rule 11UA(1)(c)(b) of the Income Tax Rules, 1962 has prescribed method for determination of Fair Market Value of Unquoted Equity Shares which is as follows:

the fair market value of unquoted equity shares shall be the value, on the valuation date, of such unquoted equity shares as determined in the following manner, namely:— the fair market value of unquoted equity shares =(A+B+C+D – L)× (PV)/(PE), where, A= book value of all the assets (other than jewellery, artistic work, shares, securities and immovable property) in the balance-sheet as reduced by,—

  • any amount of income-tax paid, if any, less the amount of income-tax refund claimed, if any; and
  • any amount shown as asset including the unamortised amount of deferred expenditure which does not represent the value of any asset;

B = the price which the jewellery and artistic work would fetch if sold in the open market on the basis of the valuation report obtained from a registered valuer;

C = fair market value of shares and securities as determined in the manner provided in this rule;

D = the value adopted or assessed or assessable by any authority of the Government for the purpose of payment of stamp duty in respect of the immovable property;

L= book value of liabilities shown in the balance sheet, but not including the following amounts, namely:—

  • the paid-up capital in respect of equity shares;
  • the amount set apart for payment of dividends on preference shares and equity shares where such dividends have not been declared before the date of transfer at a general body meeting of the company;
  • reserves and surplus, by whatever name called, even if the resulting figure is negative, other than those set apart towards depreciation;
  • any amount representing provision for taxation, other than amount of income-tax paid, if any, less the amount of income-tax claimed as refund, if any, to the extent of the excess over the tax payable with reference to the book profits in accordance with the law applicable thereto;
  • any amount representing provisions made for meeting liabilities, other than ascertained liabilities;
  • any amount representing contingent liabilities other than arrears of dividends payable in respect of cumulative preference shares;

PV= the paid up value of such equity shares;

PE = total amount of paid up equity share capital as shown in the balance-sheet

Download Format for Valuation of Unquoted Equity Shares as per- Rule 11UA

Author Bio

Qualification: CA in Practice
Company: Jainam H Shah & Co
Location: MUMBAI, Maharashtra, India
Member Since: 15 Dec 2018 | Total Posts: 3
- IBBI Registered Valuer for Securities and Financial Assets and has worked on valuation of Startups, Education,Real Estate, Trading, Manufacturing, Information technology, Listed Companies. - RERA expert and providing Advisory and Compliance services to various reputed Real Estate Developers. - H View Full Profile

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March 2024