Taxability of ESOPS
What are Stock Options?
Employee Share Options Plan is the option that a company provides to its employees to purchase the company’s shares on future dates at a pre-determined price. It is popular these days and many a times part of salary offer given to newly hired executives
Employee Stock Option Plans are taxed at 2 points:
1. As a perquisite- at the time of Exercise of ESOPs, i.e., when the employee actually purchases shares in the company/startup
2. As capital Gain when Sale of Such shares By Employee.
In Addition We Will Deal A Case Where The Shares Allotted Are Sold Belong To A Company
A) AS A PERQUISITE- AT THE TIME OF EXERCISE OF ESOPS
Whenever an employee receives a sweat equity shares, the value of such shares will be taxable as a perquisite under the head Salaries as per section 17(2)(VI) of Income Tax Act, 1961.
Question arises that how to value the perquisite?
Value Of Perquisite :
|FMV OF SHARES (EXERCISE DATE ) (Rule 3(8)(i) of Income Tax Rules 1962)||XXX|
|Less : AMOUNT PAID RECOVERED BY EACH EMPLOYEE||(XXX)|
|AMOUNT TAXABLE AS PERQUISITE||XXX|
Obligation of Employer
The Calculation of TDS will be Also Revised for the purpose of giving Effect to Inclusion of Amount as perquisite. The employer shall also indicate the same in Form 16 as well as Form 12BA.
B) TAXABILITY AS CAPITAL GAIN WHEN SALE OF SUCH SHARES BY EMPLOYEE.
When Employee Sells Such Shares Which Were Allotted To Him Under Employee Stock Option Plan , Tax Is Levied On Any Amount Of Profits Or Gains Arising From Such Transaction, Since These Are Regarded As Transfer And Chargeable To Tax Under Head Capital Gain Under Section 45 Of Income Tax Act 1961. Such Profit Is Taxable Under The Head ‘Capital Gains’.
|Period of Holding:||It shall be reckoned from the date of allotment or transfer of such equity shares|
|Cost of Acquisition||: It shall be the FMV value as computed for the determining the perquisite as mentioned above (Salaries) under section 17(2)(vi)|
Type of Capital Gain on the Basis of Period Of Holding as short term or long term
|Particulars||Short Term Less Than Equal to||Long Term More than|
|When the Shares are listed on Recognized Stock Exchange in India||12 Months||12 Months|
|When the Shares are Not listed on Recognized Stock Exchange in India (Foreign Stock Exchange Covered Here)||24 Months||24 Months|
In case The Sale of Shares Issued are Listed In a Stock Exchange outside India Say USA
Let us take a Case where the Shares issued are Listed in NASDAQ ,USA
Here The Double Tax Avoidance Agreement Between USA and India , will Come Into Force Under Section 90 , 90A of the Income Tax Act , 1961.
As there is DTAA with the US, then Tax Relief can be claimed u/s 90.
As per DTAA BETWEEN USA AND INDIA
Except as provided in Article 8 of this Convention, each Contracting State may tax capital gains in accordance with the provisions of its domestic law.
Article 8 of the DTAA says that Each Country shall tax as per Domestic Laws.
RELIEF FROM DOUBLE TAXATION
2. (a) Where a resident of India derives income which, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, may be taxed in the United States, India shall
From Above We Can Conclude that It will be taxable In Both of the Countries , how ever a Relief ( Credit ) will be granted which will be
And Accordingly Form 67 with the details of Foreign income and Tax Paid shall be furnished. Certificate or Statement specifying the nature of income and the amount of Tax deducted therefrom or Paid by the Assesse is also from any of the following
Statement shall be accompanied by Proof of Deductions
My fellow members correct me if I’m wrong.
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