Gratuity:- Gratuity’ is a retirement benefit. Gratuity Act, 1972 act envisages in providing retirement benefit to the workman who have rendered long and unblemished service to the employer. Gratuity is a reward for long and meritorious service. Earlier, it was not compulsory for an employer to reward his employee at the time of his retirement or resignation. But in 1972 the government passed the Payment of Gratuity Act that made it mandatory for all employers with more than 10 employees to pay gratuity.

Applicability of the Gratuity Act, 1972: The act provides for the payment of gratuity to workers employed in every factory, mine, oil field, plantation, port, railways, shop & Establishments or educational institution employing 10 or more persons on any day of the proceeding 12 months.

A shop or establishment to which the Act has become applicable shall continue to be governed by the Act even if the numbers of persons employed falls below 10 at any subsequent stage.

Here employees are defined as those hired on the company’s payroll. Trainees and interns are not eligible for this compensation.

Eligibility criteria for Gratuity

Gratuity shall be payable to an “employee” on the termination of his employment after he has rendered continuous service for not less than five years.

  • On his superannuation.
  • On his retirement or resignation.
  • On his death or disablement due to accident or disease.

Note:However, the condition of five years of continuous service is not necessary if service is terminated due to death or disablement.

To whom is Gratuity Payable?

Gratuity is normally payable to the employee himself, however in the case of death of the employee it shall be paid to his nominee & nomination has been made to his heirs. In case the nominee is a minor; share of the minor shall be deposited with the controlling authority who shall invest the same for benefit of the minor, until he/she attains majority.

Maximum amount payable under the Gratuity Act, 1972:-

Gratuity payable to government employees is fully exempt.For non government employee covered under Payment Of Gratuity Act,1972, the maximum limit for exemption is Rs 20 lakhs and for any other employees, the maximum limit of exemption is Rs 10  Lakhs. [Section 4(3)] [Of course, employer can pay more. Employee has also right to get more if obtainable under an award or contract with employer, as made clear in section 4(5)].

Nomination facility: – Yes, by filling Form “F” at the time of new joinee formality, each employee is required to nominate one or more member of his family, as defined in the Act, who will receive the gratuity in the event of the death of the employee.

Forfeiture of Gratuity:- The gratuity of an employee whose service have been terminated for any Act of willful omission or negligence causing any damage or loss to or destruction of property belonging to the employer, gratuity shall be forfeited to the extent of the damage or loss caused. The right of forfeiture is limited to the extent of damage.

The gratuity payable to an employee shall be wholly forfeited:

1. If the services of such employee have been terminated for his riotous or disorderly conduct or any other act of violence on his part, or

2. If the service of such employee have been terminated for any act which constitutes an offense involving moral turpitude, provided that such offense is committed by him in the course of his employment.

Applicability to contract Employee:- Yes, the only criterion is to serve at least 5 years of service at a stretch.

Calculating gratuity

a) In respect of Employees covered Under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972:

As per the Act, the gratuity amount is 15 days’ wage multiplied by the number of years put in by you. Here wage refers to basic salary plus dearness allowance. Take the monthly salary drawn by you last (basic + dearness allowance) at the time of resignation or retirement. Divide this by 26. This gives you your daily salary. Multiply this amount by 15 days, and further by the number of years of service you have put in.

If you have put in 10 years and seven months in an organisation, your service period will be taken to be 11 years. But if your service tenure is 10 years and five months, then for the purpose of this calculation your tenure will be taken to be 10 years only.

Take an example. Suppose that your average monthly salary is Rs 26,000. Your daily salary will be Rs 1,000. Multiply this by 15 and then by 10. The gratuity you are entitled to after 10 years of service will be Rs 1.5 lakh.

Formula :- Gratuity shall be calculated as per the below formula:

Gratuity = Last drawn salary x 15/26 x No. of years of service

Your last drawn salary will comprise your basic + DA. For computation of gratuity, your service period will be rounded off to the nearest full year.

b) In respect of Employees not covered Under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972:

For non-government employees, who are not covered under this Act, the manner of calculating gratuity is different. First, the average salary is calculated: for this the average of last ten months’ salary is taken (this will include the basic plus dearness allowance plus commission as a percentage of turnover achieved by the employee). Divide this average salary by 30 (ignore fractions). Now, multiply this amount by 15 and further with the number of years of service put in. Dividing the daily salary by 30 instead of 26 does put those not covered by the Gratuity Act at a disadvantage.

Formula :- Gratuity shall be calculated as per the below formula

Gratuity = Last drawn salary x ½ x No. of years of service

Your last drawn salary will comprise your basic + DA+ commission on sales on turnover basis. For computation of gratuity, your service period will not be rounded off to the nearest full year. While calculating completed years, any fraction of the year will be ignored. For instance, if the employee has a total service of 20 years, 10 months and 25 days, only 20 years will be factored into the calculation.

Tax treatment of gratuity :- For the purpose of exemption of gratuity under sec.10 (10) the employees are divided under three categories:

1. Any death cum retirement gratuity received by Central and State Govt. employees, Defense employees and employees in Local authority shall be exempt.

2. Any gratuity received by persons covered under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972shall be exempt subject to following limits:-

    • For every completed year of service or part thereof, gratuity shall be paid at the rate of fifteen days wages based on the rate of wages last drawn by the concerned employee.
    • The amount of gratuity as calculated above shall not exceed Rs. 20,00,000/- (Limit increased to Rs. 20 Lakh with effect from 29.03.2018, earlier limit was Rs. 10 Lakh.)

3. In case of any other employee, gratuity received shall be exempt, subject to the following exemptions

    • Exemption shall be limited to half month salary (based on last 10 months average) for each completed year of service or Rs. 10 Lakhs whichever is less.
    • Where the gratuity was received in any one or more earlier previous years also and any exemption was allowed for the same, then the exemption to be allowed during the year gets reduced to the extent of exemption already allowed, the overall limit being Rs. 10 Lakhs.

As per Board’s letter F.No. 194/6/73-IT(A-1) Dated 19.06.73 exemption in respect of gratuity is permissible even in cases of termination of employment due to resignation. The taxable portion of gratuity will qualify for relief u/s 89(1).

Gratuity payment to a widow or other legal heirs of any employee who dies in active service shall be exempt from income tax subject to provisions mentioned above Circular No. 573 dated 21.08.90).

The ceiling of Rs. 20/10  lakh applies to the aggregate of gratuity received from one or more employers in the same or different years.

Taxable under what head:- Gratuity received by an employee on his retirement is taxable under the head “Salary” and gratuity received by the legal heir is taxable under the head” Income from Other Sources”.

Frequently Asked Question:-

QUESTION: I am a pensioner from Orissa State Government. I retired in December  2015 receiving an amount of Rs. 10,00,000 as gratuity. But I received a further amount of Rs. 1.20 lakhs in April 2018 consequent on revision of pay. At the time of my retirement the exemption limit was Rs. 10 lakh. Am I eligible for the higher exemption limit under Sec. 10(10) available at the time of receipt. The higher limit of Rs. 20  lakhs is raised by  Notification No. S.O. 1420 (E) dated 29.03.2018.

ANSWER: Every time the limit has been raised, such limit has only referred to the retirement on or after the date on which it was raised. Hence the limit on the date of retirement time would alone have to be considered, so  exemption with reference to the enhanced limit will not apply to the reader’s case. It is stated that the reader is a government pensioner. There is no ceiling for Central or State pensioners. If the reader is a retiree from the civil service of a State or held a civil post under a State or had even been an employee of a local authority, the gratuity amount, that is received, is totally exempt vide Sec. 10(10)(i) of the Income-tax Act irrespective of the date of retirement or the notification.

Further for Government pensioners maximum Gratuity amount was increased to Rs. 20 Lakh Lacs with effect from 01/01/2016 under 7th Pay Recommendations as one of the Employees Welfare Measures to compensate raising inflation over the period. Remember this is Maximum amount which they can receive as Gratuity but their is no ceiling on Tax exemption for Gratuity for Central or State pensioners.

(Republished with Amendments)

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More Under Income Tax


  1. S. Karuppiah says:

    I retired from nationalized bank service on 11.11.2008 after more than 32 years service under compulsory retiremnt. Gratuity is not paid to me. I am making this claim of gratuity through court. I hope that that court order will be in my favour. If it so what would be the maximum of gratuity amount payable to me whether such amount is restricted to Rs. 3.50 lakhs or more than this according to my total service of 32 years. Please clarify. Thanks.

  2. Suman says:

    What about income tax on gratuity for retired employees who retired after Jan 17 and revised gratuity calculated on revised basic in addition to earlier ceiling of 10 lakhs

  3. Swapan saha says:

    My father retired as a PSU employee on 2018 January,and got gratuity arrears of amount 2.37 lakhs and salary revision arrears of amount 3.5 lakhs ,can he claim tax for gratuity and arrears fy 2019-20,and if yes under which section in ITR-1 form

  4. SURESH PATIL says:

    3) After retirement by age factor if service of such employee is extended then such extended period of service should be considered or not for determination of gratuity.

  5. SURESH PATIL says:

    1)To Determine amount of gratuity for non govt employee having no pension benifit , whether last ten monthly basic + Grade pay OR Basic + Grade pay Dearness Allow . should be considered. 2) what is the formula to detemine earned leave encashment on retirement of such employee.

  6. Sanjoy paul says:

    I retired from pai in May 2017 and I got gratuity 10 lac in May 2017 and In oct 2018 i got gratuity 10 Lac. But I tax deducted. May I know what is tax limit applicable on Gratuity for PSU Employee.

  7. Saji says:

    ***This article has a serious error.****
    “For government employees the maximum limit for exemption is Rs 20 lakhs and for any other employees, the maximum limit of exemption is Rs 10 Lakhs. ”
    This is wrong.
    For both , maximum limit of exemption is 20 Lakhs.

  8. Vikas Khurana says:

    My Letter of offer has gratuity [email protected] of 1 month for each year of service .I received gratuity of less than 10 lacs for above calculation . My Employer is splitting the amount in taxable and non-taxable component despite amount lower than the exemption limit .Non-taxable based on (15/26) rule and taxable for remaining amount as i have a better gratuity contract which is also allowed in the act . Is this correct or i am entitled for full exemption as amount received is less than 10 lacs?

  9. Chidambar Bhaskar Samant says:

    I would like to meet your panel of experts and discuss with them regarding income tax exempted gratuity amount.
    I have with me various case studies.
    With Regards
    Chidambar Samant

  10. MD.Kalimudin Shaikh says:

    I have retired for PSU on 31.08.2017
    I have receiver Gratuity Rs 10,00,000/ on 31.08.2017
    Now, my gratuity become payable Rs 13,57,797/-due new pay revision as on 02.08.2018
    Is there will be Income Tax on a difference of Rs 3,57,797/-
    Please give your advice on this

  11. Bhadkamkar Avinash Vishnu says:

    Which employees of non-government establishment are eligible for Gratuity? To whom The Act is not applicable? There is no salary limit under The Act.

  12. d.gopal reddy says:

    iam a central govt employee i got a commuted pension 1200000 i gave it to my friend he gave return to me will any tax levy on it

  13. sasu says:

    A PSU employee retired on 31/03/2017 and his gratuity of Rs 15 lac was paind on 01/04/2017.

    1. Should the employer deduct TDS on Rs 5 lac as per income tax rates of FY 2016-17 or 2017-18.

    2. Does gratuity become due for payment on the retirement day or the next day of retirement?

    3. If the employer has paid gratuity on 01/04/2017 and has included the gratuity amount in the income of the employee for the FY 2016-17, what can be done?

  14. S V Rane says:

    I am retired of Maharashtra state electricity distribution company , a subsidiary of a govt company named Maharashtra state electricity holding company .. MSEDCL
    is a distribution licensee for electric supply in state of Maharashtra in predefined areas. msedcl is a govt of Maharashtra undertaking .. and is a local authority as per the definition in ie act 2003 definitions. is gratuity exceeding 10 Lakh is exempted for income tax as per the definition of Any amount received by .. as per income tax act ..

  15. Vipan Handa says:

    I have retired in April 2016.Govt has raised gratuity from 10 lakh to 20 lakh. Will i get balance amount of Rs. 10.0 lakh. Govt has accepted Pay commission recomendation today.

  16. S P Ambasta says:

    I retired from Bank after completion of 32 yrs of service on 31.12.2013 and apart from other benefits I received Rs. 10 lacs as gratuity which was fully exempt from income tax. further on revision of salary, I received Rs. 253000/- as gratuity due to enhancement of salary. Please advise whether it will be exempted from tax or I have to pay tax on this amt.

  17. Rajesh says:


    i have worked for a company on contract agreement for 18 months and later was absorbed on full-time role. the total period of service with the same employer is more than 5 years. Am I eligible for Gratuity? Thanks for any views.

    Rajesh Machha

  18. Ashwin says:

    Hi, A set of our company employees (Process) has been sold to other company. In this scenario – Gratuity has not been transferred to other company, instead the same has been paid to employees.

    1. Can this be paid through salary as a taxable component? OR
    2. If paid to employees separately – whether the same needs to be taxed and then paid?

  19. Rajesh says:

    Hi Sir,

    I was working in a company for five years.
    After resignation I received gratuity amount from my previous employer.
    Is this amount taxable for current year ?
    Or this amount is completely exempt ?
    Do I have to show this amount to current company ?

  20. Milind says:

    I have 5Yr service in pvt school and I resigne the post so kindly send the process of gratuity how I receive and wjat os the procrdure
    pls reply as early

  21. Rupal says:

    Gratuity is non taxable. but the statement shown in the above article as mention below says that it is taxable….

    “Gratuity received by an employee on his retirement is taxable under the head “Salary” and gratuity received by the legal heir is taxable under the head” Income from Other Sources”.

    This is absolutely wrong

  22. Hemant Patida says:

    Hello Sir,
    I have been working in my last organization for 6 year ,6 month and 10 days. How many years will be consider for gratuity 6 or 7 ?

  23. Sham says:

    If I work for four years and nine months in a public sector bank and Resign to join another public sector bank, whether my period of service in the first bank be reckoned for computation of gratuity payment in either of the Banks? Both the banks are classified as “Govt. of India Enterprise”.

  24. Arwin says:

    Hi All,
    We currently follow the condition set by the PF department and calculate the Basic as Rs. 15000/- per month and PF is 12% of the basic. Due to this employees on salary bands higher than 40000 per month tend to lose out on the HRA tax exemption which would be higher if the Basic is calculated at 50% of gross and also have lower PF accumulated (also leading to lower 80C benefits). If the company increases the Basic its liability increases on Gratuity as well. As an employee I feel I pay more in taxes because of this structure. Will it possible for me to give a declaration to my company stating that I will not claim gratuity and instead ask for my basic % to be increased? Is this legally doable from the company side? Is this info available on any government website? All help is appreciated.

  25. arun kumar says:

    about gratuity sir, i am working in private organisation i want to resign on jan-15, upto jan-2015, my service will compleate 5 years i will be able to receive gratuity or not

  26. rana says:

    in my company Vrs Declaired. The depoisted amount stright way to my bank.
    here my quetion is that
    1 how much the tax ratio i have to pay for VRS amount
    2. How much the tax percent i have to pay for gratuity
    plz clear it. it is a big problem now in my company

  27. Dasari Subbarao says:

    Hi !
    I am about to retire from Reserve Bank of India on 31st March,2015.Kindly let me know whether my retirement benefits which I will receive on or after 1st April,2015 is income for the year 2014/15 or 2015/2016.

  28. K.R.SHANKAR says:

    I am a finance executive in a project called cebpol funded by Norway and Moef
    I have to calculate TDS of 5 employees who have joined recently on 1/8/2014
    I want to know whether TDS has to be calculated permonth taking their previous salary or simply start calculating from the month of August.Also I want to tell there are 3 employees who receive same salary and two other employees who receive a higher salary .want a detailed working of TDS of these 5 employee Take salary as 70000 and 40000

  29. Srinivasa Kanna Korada says:

    I got gratuity amount 109590/- in Jan 2014. Tax is not deducted as per form-16. Do I have to pay income tax for this amount?

    Are there any slab for gratuity amount for income tax exemption?

  30. Shriniwas K says:

    I was employee of A PSU and had served for 24 years before resigning in March 2014.
    The PSU has approved policy of re employment on same pay that was last drawn after settlement of all dues like Gratuity and Leave encashment being fresh appointment.
    I have applied for the same, however the PSU wants me to surrender the Gratuity paid to me be surrendered with Interest, though against policy.
    Till such time I give this undertaking the application for re employment is not being forwarded.
    Returning back the gratuity then would legally mean that the services rendered before resignation would be continued and seniority will be continued.
    This is because if some thing happens to me in first five years then the Company is liable to pay me back entire gratuity and not deny anything based on gratuity act that I have not served for more than 5 years to be entitled for such gratuity.
    Am I correct in this interpretation and should give an undertaking to repay gratuity and then take legal recource- as this in my benefit that my services would then be counted.
    Please guide.

  31. Nitin Agrawal says:


    My gratuity calculation is as below on leaving my company:

    Gross Amount : Rs.11585/-

    Tax : Rs.3580/-

    Net Amount Credited : Rs. 8005/-

    I want to ask why this tax component is included here. How tax on gratuity is calculated?

    Thanks for reply.

  32. kuldip says:

    I have received my gratuity for 9 years calculated on Gross as company doing this is for every one. I am receiving Rs.3,37000.00. Now auditor saying it will be taxable since gratuity is on higher side please advise me.

    Do I have to bear tax or company shld pay the same.

    As on my contract “You will be entitled to gratuity as per the Payment of Gratuity Act. 1972.

    Please advise at the earliest as I have accept or raise my quirey by 05/15.

    Thanks a lot in Advance

  33. Anil Kumar says:


    I have joined the company 8th July 2008 and and resigned on 29 June 2013. Its 9 days less than 5 years. Please suggest that I am eligible for gratuity or not.

  34. everest sequeira says:

    I have completed 14.3 yrs service and retired at age 60. My basic salary was 37700 p.m. My company pays 1 month’s basic as gratuity for every completed year of sevice. The amount that I will receive is about 527000/- Is this amount exempt or taxable under present law and if so how much please let me know asap.

  35. Mamata says:

    Sir, my monthly gross pay consisted of 1) Salary 2) House Rent Allowance 3) Post Graduate Allowance and 4) Variable Allowance. It was also included in the contract that the company would contribute towards PF @12% of the deemed basic calculated as 60% of Salary. Otherwise, there was no mention about any Basic in the contract. This contract was signed in January 2011 (I started working in this company in October 2001 and left in April 2012, in total 10 yrs 7 months).

    I think that the gratuity should be computed based on the Salary which is clearly mentioned in the contract. Regarding gratuity the contract says “The gratuity payment shall continue to be governed as per payment of Gratuity Act.”

    On the other hand, if the basic is considered the same as that is mentioned in connection with PF, the Minimum amount of gratuity should be as shown below:

    Minimum Gratuity = Basic (60% of Last month’s Salary) x 15/26 x Period (11 yrs, as rounded value of 10.58 yrs). However, the amount I have received is 73% of this Minimum Gratuity (only 44% if Salary is considered).

    As clarification, I was replied that their computation was based on some basic. I argued that since my contract included a payment under the head “salary” gratuity should be computed based on this Salary or at least on the basic indicated in the contract in connection with PF.

    I will appreciate if you would kindly tell me which one is correct.

    BTW the PF deduction from my gross monthly pay was only around 1.58% of the Salary instead of 7.2% (12% of 60% of Salary) as per the contract. I think the amount of PF received is also incorrect.

    Since I have already raised my dissatisfaction on the amounts received and in return received a reply which is not convincing, please tell me what should be my next step if I was not paid the right amount – request the company to review it once again or go for legal action. Besides, I was deprived from so many other things verbally promised.

    Thanks in anticipation.

  36. AB says:


    I resigned from my previous organisation after service of around 12 years.
    I received gratuity and pension as my final settlemeent. However in form 16 same is shown part of my taxable salary. My questions are: –

    – Is gratuity taxable? If not then how to show same to get exemption in ITR2.
    – Is the pension taxable? This is different from PF-Pension and is carryforward of fund from the pension scheme that organisation had in early days. Later they broke this corpus and placed a portion of it with ICICI Prudenctial.
    – Also please let me know if property tax can be claimed for exemption.

    – I have some short term gains for intraday trades. So can I go with ITR2 or in need to choose a differnt form.


  37. Johnson says:

    I have resigned from an organisation after serving 12 years and received full and final settlement along with gratuity. No TDS deducted from gratuity payment. I have joined another branch of the same organisation (having same PAN & TAN) without any break. I want to know whether gratuity received by me is taxable or not. Here, organisation is same but different branches. For clarity, I resigned from branch-1 and joined branch-2 of the same organisation. Whether gratuity received from branch-1 is exempt or not.


  38. Muthukumar says:

    Hi Sir,

    I am working in software concern which is a partner ship one and has more than 25 employee, since April 2007.
    In my offer letter they have not mentioned about Gratuity Payment. I want to know whether am I eligible for Gratuity.


  39. Suresh says:

    Dear Sir/Madam,
    I wanted to know how much amount of gratuity I will receive from my company (a private company in India) and I would like to let you know that I have completed my 5 yrs, 7 months and 14 days with my private company.
    The gratuity amount will be calculated on 5 yrs or 6 yrs. in my case. Please reply ASAP.
    Thanks & Regards, Suresh Verma (+91-98 183 949 37; [email protected]; [email protected])

  40. RAJIV says:

    Estate manager who appoint in 2002 for one year contract and  contract renew every year at salary Rs.23000/- per month lump sump. and now after ten year in 2012 he resigned. let me explain whether he entitled for gratuity or not

  41. Anand says:

    My Mother retired as a teacher from a private school in November 2011 after 30.5 years of service. The school refuses to pay gratuity stating private schools dont need to pay gratuity . My question is1. Can I approach the school with Amendement act of 2009 wherein Employee definition includes teachers and 2. Her gratuity amount is more than 3.5 lakh so is she eligible to claim that amount as the ceiling now is 10 lakhs?

  42. monit says:

    If an organisation has it own set of rules past 10 years back that they will pay gratuity for continuous 10 years of service. it is a small organisation and dont have enough money for pay gartuity so they made like this. but the organisation change according to the time and adopt a new rule of gratuity for 5 years of continuous service. can the employee who work 5 years in the time of old rules can ask the gratuity for 5 years of continuous service ?

  43. paras kakar says:

    Please clarify i was worked with HDFCBANK for 8years and 10 months as a contract employee.After every two year they renewed my contract for two years.I joined the bank on 16 Jan 2003 and worked till 30 Nov 2011.As per the Gratuity act1972 for its applicability to contract employee says:The only criterion is to serve at least 5 years of service at a stretch which i did it.I am asking for my gratuity which they are not paying to me.Please help.

  44. Girish Maggon says:

    Please clarify if the employers in private sector can pay the actual amount of gratuity if it is more than Rs. 10.00 lacs, say Rs. 17.00 lacs if the employee agrees to pay the income tax on the excess amount of Rs. 7.00 lacs.

  45. K.Kalingarajan says:

    Sir, I have working in 8 years company, now I will married coming January 2012, the company give the gratuity amount Rs.166665/- (my salary per month 20000/-)and my work continue the company. My gratuity amount is less than 3.5 lakh, this amount exempted or not, if taxable, How do calculate the gratuity amount for income tax purpose? Please guide in my e-mail ID

  46. dr rajan says:

    QUESTION: I am a pensioner from punjab State Government. I retired in jan 2008 receiving an amount of Rs. 3.5 lakh as gratuity. But I received a further amount of Rs.four lakhs in December 2010 consequent on revision of pay. At the time of my retirement the exemption limit was Rs. 3.5 lakh. is this arrear tax able in assesment yr 2011-2012

  47. Brijmohan Bhatia says:

    Dear Sir,
    I have retired from bank in AUG’2007 Got gratuity Rs.3.67 Paid Tax on Rs 17000/- Now in 2010 Due to salary revision I got Difference of Gratuity as Rs 1.57 IS it taxable or not please guide

  48. RAJESH SINHA says:

    Sir, Here you have mentioned that for Gratuity calculation following salary part will taken under consideration i.e.

    But, i would like to know that if any employee is getting his salary in below format then on which amount his Gratuity will be calculated……..

    please reply on my e.mail id- [email protected]

  49. P.K.SHARMA says:


  50. Jitendra N Vairagade says:

    Dear Sir,

    My mother retired from state government service (Maharashtra State). She received gratuity of 2.3 Lakh, is this gratuity taxable?

    Also if we sell the pension (1/3) then whatever the amount received is it taxable?

    Please reply.

    Thanks & Regards

    Jitendra Vairagade

  51. bhagwati prasad says:


  52. KETUL PATEL says:


  53. Sachin Wakchaure says:

    One of my friends was asked to resign after completing 3 years in private company.

    He was asked to resign otherwise, he would be terminated from service as his performance was not upto the mark.

    Now my question is that instead of resigning from services if anybody was terminated by company, then is company is liable to pay Gratuity.

  54. Deepak Jain says:

    My employer(Haier Appliances Pvt.Ltd.) is deducting Gratuity in advance from my salary Package, shall i am eligible to get this gratuity, if i leave organization with in 1 year


  55. S.P. Somani says:

    I was retired on 31/5/10 and a payment of Rs.1198065 received on 8/8/09 from a limted company (MNC) vide cheque dated 30/7/10.
    Pl. advise me for Income tax on applicable on the above payment.

  56. M VENKATARAO says:

    What is gratuity? why it should be paid? when it should be paid? To whom it should be paid?
    These are basic questions and the answer may be like this
    Gratuity is an amount paid as a sort of relief to the employees at the time of separation (with 5 years minimum service) for the loyal service rendered to the employer.
    The incomtax is payable on the gratuity paid which is more than 3.50 lakhs. why this limit is imposed in IT rules, may be Govt might have thought the limit of gratuity is 3.50 lakhs as per V th. Pay commission scales and the 2nd and most important is that the private sector employees may get the final payments (in collusion with employers) in the name of gratuity so that they may evade the IT from their earnings otherwise there should not be any limit on gratuity amount for exemption for IT calculations.
    Once the Govt has increased the limit of Gratuity to 10.0lakhs and allowed to Govt employees it should be allowed to all employees with same effective date ie.01-01-2006.If this same limit and effective date is not same as govt employees will it not be violation of fundamental rules? Why the Govt employees are different for getting income tax exemptions from other citizens of India ?
    The limit of payment of gratuity is approved by GOI only
    Are the other sector employees different from enjoying the fundamental rights/rules? Perks may be different to different organisations like Govt. employees , private sector employees and PSU Company employees but income computation should be same for paying income tax for all the employees since IT is calculated on total income of a citizen why disparity? There may not be an answer.
    Is Govt employee’s gratuity differs for income calculations from the employees of pvt/PSU sectors? Is the gratuity rule is different to Govt.employees
    The GOI has approved the pay revision for PSU company employees in Sept 2009 which are effective from 01-01-2007 and the gratuity limit was also increased from 3.50 lakhs to 10.0 lakhs.and its effective date is also from 01-01-2007. but the arrears are paid in 2009 ( at least Govt did not deny the payment of arrears of salary revision thanks a lot)
    It is very much surprising that the GOI has approved the ceiling limit of gratuity payment of 10 lakhs wef 24-05-2010 only depriving thousands of retired employees /senior citizens from getting benefit of this gratuity payment ceiling revision for IT calculations. What sin these employees have done? What is the wrong with these retired employees? God only knows
    Why so disparity
    Is the GOI wants this incometax money from the retired employees only,how much this amounts in the total revenue of IT department?

    We the most PSU employees have to live /survive on the terminal benefits only since we are not pensioners like GOVT. SECTOR EMPLOYEES. I request the various people/associations,/Organisations to see the welfare of the old retired PSU/Private Sector employees and represent to the GOI and get the relief of gratuity limit of 10.0 lakhs exemption from 01-01-06 to avoid disparity among the Govt. employees and PSU/private sector employees and also a common rule shall prevail for all citizens of India for calculating the income Tax

  57. k v varghese says:

    Sir I am retired form pvt school from 30th Apr 2010. Am I eligible for the enhanced benefit of gratuity from 3.5 lakh to 10 lakh. Kindly give replay as i retired one day before date qwhich the school is taking into effect.

  58. Ashok Desai says:

    I retired from LIC of India on31st March,2010.Kindly let me know whether my retirement benefits which i received on 1st April,2010 is income for the year 2009/10 or 2010/2011.Also Income Tax is payable at the rate of 2009-10 or 2010-11 income year.Thanks

  59. Zephyrine Goveas says:

    One fails to understand why there should be any ambiguity regarding tax liability on enhanced gratuity for PSU employees who got the enhanced gratuity w.e.f. 1.1.2007. The concerned clause under clause 4 of Gratuity Act 1972 stands amended and the limit has been raised to 10 lakhs. Tax treatment is covered under Income Tax Act clause 10(10)(ii) wherein gratuity payment under the 1972 Act is exempt from calculation of previous year’s income. Therefore, why can’t Tax Guru take a clear cut stand on this and why the PSU managements who deducted tax at source give the benefit of tax exemption in Form 16 to file refund claim in the tax return for the year 2009-10.

  60. Haresh says:




  61. p k gupta says:

    whether income tax on death cum retirement gratuity payable to U.P. Govt. under taking i.e. U.P.Power Corporation Ltd. on 01.01.2010 above Rs. 3.50 Lacs is payable


    I would like to invite your kind attention that I have submitted duly endorsed necessary application along with necessary claim form for gratuity payment to the Principal Mont Fort Sr. Secondary School Kamrith village Ballarpur as I have worked in this school as a science teacher .
    That I have joined the Mont Fort Sr. Secondary School Kamrith village Ballarpur July 1995,and got confirmation of services on 1st June 1997. I have resigned on 15-04-2009 from the services of the school for my personal reason. That I have rendered 12 years confirmed services to the organization .
    As per the Gratuity Payment act 1972/ 2009 I am eligible for the payment of gratuity from the organization. Under this act government of India has already made provision for gratuity to all the employees serving in the establishment.
    Kindly suggest How I shall get my Gratuity Payment .As 2010 again Gratuity amendment also passed and private school teacher are all ready covered under the definition of ’employee’ earlier it was not in the act.

    pl. reply.

  63. M V R Sudhakar Rao says:

    I am a member of this forum.
    Dear Friend
    Our is a R& D organisation under the administrative control of Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Govt of India. We are eligible on retirement a gratuity as per our organisation rules which is one month salary for every completed year of service subject to a maximum of 16 half months salary Or as per gratuity act which ever is beneficial to the employee.
    My colleague retired on 30 April 2010. His gratuity due has not yet been paid.
    Now if his gratuity is to be settled as per gratuity act or other wise (i.e., subsequent to 24 May 2010), while computing tax liability, whether the enhanced gratuity exemption limit of Rs 10.00 lakhs can be allowed.
    Kindly provide the guide lines on this issue.
    M V R Sudhakar Rao

  64. S. Ramdass says:

    The amendment has been made effect only from 24-5-2010 whereas the 6th Pay Commission recommendations were implemented in Central PSUs. and in few State PSUs wef 1-1-07. According to the amendment, the benefit of high amount of gratuity will not be entitled for those who retired upto 23-4-2010? Is it correct and is it justice?

  65. K UDAYANANDAN says:

    IT exemption limit granted by the Govt. on enhanced gratuity up to Rs.10.00 lacs is made effective from 24-05-10 only whereas the Gratuity Ceiling has been increased from Rs.3.50 lacs to Rs.10.00 lacs w.e.f. 01-01-2007 in case of PSU employees. In this case, employees retired upto April ’10 will not be eligible for the tax relief and the employees retired from May ’10 onwards are eligible for the tax relief. This is not a fair dealing and needs revision to give relief to all employees retired from 01-01-2007 onwards.

  66. m.c.agrawal says:

    The gratuity amendment act 2010 is made effective from 24.05.2010 where by gratuity to psu and pvt sector employees is enhanced from rs 3.50 lac to rs.10 lac…suppose i receive gratuity rs 6.05 lac in sept 2009…what amount will be exempted from income tax during financial year 2009-10.pls clarify…
    m c agrawal

  67. Ajit Kr singh from Ranchi says:

    Gratuity is exempt from Income tax upto Rs. 3.50 lakh. If an employees has received 10 lakh his balance amount of Rs. 6.5 lakh is taxable along with other income under the head salary.

  68. leena says:

    So if a govt employee receives gratuity to the tune of Rs.10 lacs, then is it fully exempt?? or does it mean they can be paid upto 10 lacs ? kindly clarify..thanx in advance.

  69. T K Ghosh says:

    Worked in a Private company for 30 years and got gratuity amount more than the amount exempted under Income Tax Act. Is Tax payable on the balance amount i.e. on Received amount (-) exempted amount or on receivable amount?

  70. bindu says:

    I have completed 4 years 10 months and serving notice period in a private company. Will i be eligible for Gratuity. I will be completing 5 years shortly. Help me.

  71. ravi nagpal says:

    I have retired from PSU in dec 2007. At time of retirement I have received gratuaty of Rs 3,50,000/- After that from Govt of India declaration that gratuaty amount is increased to Rs 10,00,000. from Jan 2007 gratuity was calculated to rs 550000/-
    Am I suppose to receive additional amount of Rs 200,000 as gratuaty with Tax or without Tax from the company

    Read more:

  72. Gopalan says:

    A bill has been introduced recently in Parliament to amend the Payment of Gratuity Act 1972 to raise the ceiling amount from 3.5 to 10.00 Lakhs. As the cabinet has already approved the enhancement will it not be possible for Finance Ministry/Department of Direct Taxes to issue Exemption Notification for Incometax exemption upto 10.00 Lakhs for Gratiuty payment received by retired employees.

  73. rajendra mahadeo tamhankar says:

    I have retired from PSU in Augest 2007. At time of retirement I have received gratuaty of Rs 3,50,000/- After that from Govt of India declaration that gratuaty amount is increased to Rs 10,00,000. from Jan 2007 onwords.
    Am I suppose to receive additional amount of Rs 6,50,000 as gratuaty with Tax or without Tax from the company.

  74. Mahesh Singh says:

    Dear Sir,
    I have one question if any person withdrawing basic salary Rs. 50,000/- (at the time of retirement) and no. of year worked is 30 years in pvt or ltd company then as i understand gratuity calculation is 50,000 * 15/26*30= 8,65,384/- this calculation is correct?? or any maximum cap is there of no. of year of maximum amount of gratuity (i am not taking about tax exempt)
    Pls. explain
    Thanks Sir

  75. m c agrawal says:

    whether the gratuity ceiling raised from rs. 3.50 lac to rs. 10.00 lac is applicable to the employees also and if yes,then what will be the date of effect of it.As i opted VRS in september 2009 whether i m entitled for revised gratuity or not?.pls clarify.

  76. R K AGARWAL says:

    I understand that Any Gratuity Payable under the Gratuity Act 1972 ( Present Limit 3.5 lakhs ) is TAXfree under the Income Tax act. Is it correct?
    Once Gratuity act is amended to enhance the Maximum Payable to Rs 10 Lakhs, is there a ned to amend Income tax act for increasing Tax exemption limit on Gratuyity also?

  77. m c agrawal says:

    pls February 9th, 2010 at 5:45 pm
    sir i have opted vrs from a public sector bank and was paid gratuity to the tune of rs.3.94 lac after 30 yrs and 11 months service.pls let me know the amount of gratuity exempted under income tax act and whether additional gratuity is payable to me since i am expecting the ceiling of gratuity to be revised tfrom rs 3.50 lac to rs 10 lac too public sector employees also. pls clarify.

    Read more:

    as below:

  78. B.SEKAR says:

    In recent note, that provison created for payment of gratuity will not considered at exp for IT purpose, provided if it is paid within the year itself. I hope it is correct. : then some companies are paying premium to LIC, as against their liability “group Gratuity cash accumalation scheme, will it be taken as expenses by the company, as the premium is paidon due date: this can be clarified tome please.

  79. m c agrawal says:

    sir i have opted vrs from a public sector bank and was paid gratuity to the tune of rs.3.94 lac after 30 yrs and 11 months service.pls let me know the amount of gratuity exempted under income tax act and whether additional gratuity is payable to me since i am expecting the ceiling of gratuity to be revised tfrom rs 3.50 lac to rs 10 lac too public secttor employees also.pls clarify.

  80. K Khurana says:

    In the Income Tax Return Form, if we add gratuity income under head “salary”, then where do I add deduction of this gratuity income. Under which section ?

    I am a retired govt employee, and my gratuity is expempted.

  81. V V Gupta says:

    Is gratuity payable to the retired/ expired employees of Madhya Pradesh State Electricity Board (MPSEB) A Govt. of M.P. undertaking is fully exempted or not under income tax act 1962 ?

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