Did you Know – W.E.F. 1ST July, 2021- Stringent Provisions Introduced As Per Finance Act 2021
W.E.F. 1ST JULY, 2021:- STRINGENT PROVISIONS UNDER THE INCOME TAX ACT, 1961
The Finance Act, 2021 introduced following stringent provisions under Income Tax Act, applicable from 1st of July, 2021.
1. TDS ON PURCHASE OF GOODS [SECTION 194Q] (We can check out difference between corresponding section 206C(1H) – W.E.F 01st -Oct-2020)
2. TDS FOR NON-FILERS OF INCOME TAX RETURNS [SECTION 206AB]
(Refer already discussed, you may refer my earlier article or you can provide your email ID in comment section, I will provide you above section in detail understanding)
3. TCS FOR NON-FILERS OF INCOME TAX RETURNS [SECTION 206CCA]
(We will discuss later on)
Now, In this article we can discuss only provision of section 194Q in details and Comparatives between Section 194Q vs 206C (1H) along with practical examples.
TDS ON PURCHASE OF GOODS [SECTION 194Q]
Any person, being a buyer who is responsible for paying any sum to any resident (hereafter in this section referred to as the seller) for purchase of any goods of the value or aggregate of such value exceeding fifty lakh rupees in any previous year, shall, at the time of credit of such sum to the account of the seller or at the time of payment thereof by any mode, whichever is earlier, deduct an amount equal to 0.1 per cent. of such sum exceeding fifty lakh rupees as income-tax.
Analysis above section
Explanation of relevant terms used
a) buyer” means a person whose total sales, gross receipts or turnover from the business carried on by him exceed ten crore rupees during the financial year immediately preceding the financial year in which the purchase of goods is carried out, not being a person, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify for this purpose, subject to such conditions as may be specified therein.
b) “seller” means a person who is resident.
Analysis of above provision in Layman Language
√ Transaction on which TDS is applicable under any other section of the act (Example- 194C)
√ Transaction on which TCS is applicable under 206C act Except 206(1H)
√ Turnover of buyer (Excluding GST) does not exceed Rs. 10 Crore in preceding F.Y.
√ When Seller is non-resident
√ Value of purchases of goods does not exceed Rs. 50 Lakh during current FY.
Check points for this section
√ If your turnover in preceding financial year exceeded Rs. 10 crores.
√ Identify your sellers from whom purchases has exceeded Rs. 50 lakhs during current FY.
√ Obtain PAN from such sellers.
√ Deduct TDS @ 0.1% at the time of credit or payment on amount exceeding Rs. 50 lakhs.
Difference between Section 194Q and Section 206C(1H)
Since both the sections relate to a single transaction but difference between to compliance process pertains to TDS/TCS provision.
|W.E.F||W.E.F 01-July-2021||W.E.F 01-Oct-2020|
|Purpose||Tax to be deducted (TDS)||Tax to be Collected (TCS)|
|Which Transactions?||Only Purchase of Goods not Services||Only Sale of Goods not Services|
|Who is liable for deduction/collection?||Buyer/Purchaser is liable to deduct the tax||Seller is liable to collect the tax|
|Limit of Turnover||Turnover of buyer (Excluding GST) is Exceeding Rs. 10 Crore in preceding F.Y.||Turnover of seller (Excluding GST) is Exceeding Rs. 10 Crore in preceding F.Y.|
|Counter Party||Resident Seller||Resident Buyer|
|Threshold Limit of Purchase/Sale||If value of purchases of goods exceeds Rs. 50 Lakh in a year||If value of Sale of goods exceeds Rs. 50 Lakh in a year|
|Point of taxation||At the time of Credit or Payment whichever is Earlier||At the time of receipt of sale consideration|
|Rate||If Pan Available – 0.10%
If Pan Not Available – 5%
On amount exceeding Rs. 50 Lakhs
|If Pan Available – 0.10%
If Pan Not Available – 1%
On amount exceeding Rs. 50 Lakhs
|Due date of payment||7th of next month in which tax deducted
(In case of March Month -30th April)
|7th of next month in which tax collected|
|Return Form||Form 26Q||Form 27EQ|
|Not applicable/Exclusion||Transaction on which TDS is applicable
under any other section of the act
|Consequences of Non-Compliances||
1) Whether above turnover includes only value of goods or services or both:-
While calculating above turnover value of goods and services both are to be included.
2) TDS to be deducted on Taxable Value or Gross amount of Invoice which is including GST
Circular No. 17 dated 29-09-2020 has clarified to include GST on Goods for collecting TCS under Section 206C(1H). However, no such similar clarification has been received pertaining to TDS on Goods. Hence, in absence of specific clarifications, it is advised to deduct TDS on Gross Invoice Amount including GST on amount exceeding Rs. 50 lakhs.
3) If provisions of Section 194Q and Section 206C (1H) , both are applicable, then which section shall prevail over?
Provisions of Section 194Q shall prevail i.e., the buyer would deduct TDS u/s 194Q.
4) Currently, provisions for lower deduction of tax u/s 197 of the ITA, 1961 are not applicable.
Practical understanding of Section 194Q and Section 206C (1H)
|Case||Mr.A (Buyer’s) Turnover in Last Year||Mr.B
(Seller’s) Turnover in Last Year
|Value of Transaction in Current FY||Section Applicable||Person Liable||Com-ments|
|1||5 Cr||8 Cr||55 Lakhs||Not Applicable||–||No TDS /TCS as both Buyer & Seller Turnover < 10 CR|
|2||2 Cr||11 Cr||65 Lakhs||TCS u/s 206C (1H)||Seller||Mr B will collect TCS as Mr. B Turnover > 10 Cr & value of Transaction > 50 Lakhs|
|3||12 Cr||5 Cr||62 Lakhs||TDS u/s 194Q||Buyer||Mr A will deduct TDS as Mr A Turnover > 10 Cr and value of Transaction > 50 Lakhs|
|4||11 Cr||9 Cr||70 Lakhs||TDS u/s 194Q||Buyer|
|5||11 Cr||11 Cr||75 Lakhs||TDS u/s 194Q||–||Mr. A will deduct TDS as Mr A Turnover > 10 Cr and value of Transaction > 50 Lakhs
(Important to note that Provisions of Section 194Q shall prevail)
(But Mr. B is E commerce operator)
|80 Lakhs||TDS u/s 194O||ECO||TDS u/s 194Q/206C (1H) will not be applicable but section 194O is applicable – where TDS will be deducted by E-commerce operator from payment made to Mr.B|
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