Generally, Employers give an allowance for house rent as part of the salary paid known as House Rent Allowance or HRA which can be claimed as deduction by the employees for the rent paid by them. However, sometimes the employer pays the entire salary as basic salary without any bifurcation or in cases where the assessee is a self employed individual, HRA deduction is not available or in case of self employed person, HRA deduction is not available . Hence, in such cases a deduction is provided under section 80GG for rent paid for any furnished or unfurnished accommodation.
Quantum of Deduction:-Least of the following is allowed as deduction under section 80GG:-
a) Rs. 5000 per month
b) Actual rent paid minus 10% of Adjusted Total Income
c) 25 % of adjusted Total Income
Meaning of Adjusted Total Income :-Total Income excluding Long term and short term capital gains under section 111A and Income under section 115A or 115D. Also while calculating Adjusted Total income, deductions under section 80C to 80U are to be ignored.
Conditions to claim the deduction:-1) Must be self employed or salaried.
2) Deduction under HRA is not claimed.
3) Taxpayer does not own any residential accommodation either in his name or in the name of his HUF or spouse at the place where he resides or performs office duties or causes his business or profession.
4) The taxpayer does not earn any income under the head Income from house property in respect of a residential property.
5) Form 10BA must be filed with details of payment of rent.
Example:-Mr. X earns Income of Rs. 6,50,000/- (without any deduction) and pays a house rent of Rs.1,80,000/-. Hence, Deduction under section 80GG is calculated as follows:-
Hence, Rs.60,000/- being least of above would be available as deduction under section 80GG.