I.      Under the existing provisions of section 35AD of the Income-tax Act, investment-linked tax incentive is provided by way of allowing 100% deduction in respect of the whole of any expenditure of capital nature (other than on land, goodwill and financial instrument) incurred wholly and exclusively, for the purposes of the “specified business” during the previous year in which such expenditure is incurred. Currently, the following “specified businesses” are eligible for availing the investment-linked deduction under section 35AD(8)(c):-

(i)   setting up and operating a cold chain facility;

(ii)  setting up and operating a warehousing facility for storage of agricultural produce;

(iii)  laying and operating a cross-country natural gas or crude or petroleum oil pipeline network for distribution, including storage facilities being an integral part of such network.

(iv)  building and operating, anywhere in India, a new hotel of two-star or above category as classified by  the Central Government;

(v)   building and operating, anywhere in India, a new hospital with at least one hundred beds for patients;

(vi)  developing and building a housing project under a scheme for slum redevelopment or rehabilitation, framed by the Central Government or a State Government, as the case may be, and notified by the Board in this behalf in accordance with the guidelines as may be prescribed.

(vii) developing and building a housing project under a scheme for affordable housing framed by the Central Government or a State Government, as the case may be, and notified by the Board in this behalf in accordance with the guidelines as may be prescribed; and

(ix)  production of fertilizer in India.

It is proposed to include three new businesses as “specified business” for the purposes of the investment-linked deduction under section 35AD, namely:-

(a)  setting up and operating an inland container depot or a container freight station notified or approved under the Customs Act,  1962 (52 of 1962);

(b)  bee-keeping and production of honey and beeswax; and

(c)   setting up and operating a warehousing facility for storage of sugar.

The dates of commencement of the “specified business” are detailed in section 35AD (5). It is proposed that the date of commencement of operations for availing investment linked deduction in respect of the three new specified businesses shall be on or after 1st April, 2012.

These amendments will take effect from 1st April, 2013 and will, accordingly, apply in relation to the assessment year 2013-14  and subsequent assessment years.

II.      It is also proposed that the following specified businesses commencing operations on or after the 1st of April, 2012 shall be allowed a deduction of 150% of the capital expenditure under section 35AD of the Income-tax Act, namely:-

(i)   setting up and operating a cold chain facility;

(ii)  setting up and operating a warehousing facility for storage of agricultural produce;

(iii)  building and operating, anywhere in India, a hospital with at least one hundred beds for patients;

(iv)  developing and building a housing project under a scheme for affordable housing framed by the Central Government or a State Government, as the case may be, and notified by the Board in this behalf in accordance with the guidelines as may be prescribed; and

(v)   production of fertilizer in India.

 This amendment will take effect from 1st April, 2013 and will, accordingly, apply in relation to the  assessment year 2013-14  and subsequent assessment years.

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