Simplified GST Series Section 51-53/CGST ACT 2017

Section 51- Tax deduction at source-

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act, the Government may mandate, ––

(a) a department or establishment of the Central Government or State Government; or

(b) local authority; or

(c) Governmental agencies; or

(d) such persons or category of persons as may be notified by the Government on the recommendations of the Council,

(hereafter in this section referred to as “the deductor”), to deduct tax at the rate of one per cent from the payment made or credited to the supplier (hereafter in this section referred to as “the deductee”) of taxable goods or services or both, where the total value of such supply, under a contract, exceeds two lakh and fifty thousand rupees:

Provided that no deduction shall be made if the location of the supplier and the place of supply is in a State or Union territory which is different from the State or as the case may be, Union territory of registration of the recipient.

Analysis- Relevant Notifications-

1. Notification No. 50/2018 – Central Tax dated 13.09.2018 – appoints the 1st day of October, 2018, as the date on which the provisions of section 51 of the said Act shall come into force & specifying persons or category of persons liable to deduct tax under Section 51(1)(b).

2. Notification No.61/2018 Central Tax dated 05.11.2018 retrospectively exempting applicability of TDS provision on supply of goods & service form one PSU to other PSU.

  • This section provides for deduction of tax at source in certain circumstances. The Section specifically lists out the deductors who are mandated by the Central Government to deduct tax at source, the rate of tax deduction and the procedure for remittance of the tax deducted. The amount of tax deducted is reflected in the Electronic Cash Ledger of the deductee.
  • Persons or category of persons notified by the government as per notification-
    • Authority or a board or any other body-

– Set up by an act of Parliament or a State legislature

– Established by any government with fifty-one percent or more participation by way of equity or control, to carry out any function;

    • (b) The society established by the Central Government or the State Government or a Local Authority under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860);
    • The society established by the Central Government or the State Government or a Local Authority under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860);
    • Public sector undertakings
  • The deductors have to deduct tax at the rate of 1% from the payment made or credited to the supplier of taxable goods and / or services, notified by the Central Government or State Government on the recommendations of the Council. Deduction is required where the total value of supply under ‘a contract’ exceeds INR 2.5 lakhs.
  • Value of supply shall exclude the tax indicated in the invoice. No deduction shall be made if the location of the supplier and the place of supply is in a State or Union territory which is different from the State or as the case may be, Union territory of registration of the recipient.
  • TDS applies on ‘taxable goods or services’ supplied.
  • TDS, apply even if the supplier is unregistered or composition tax payer .

(2) The amount deducted as tax under this section shall be paid to the Government by the deductor within ten days after the end of the month in which such deduction is made, in such manner as may be prescribed. 

(3) The deductor shall furnish to the deductee a certificate mentioning therein the contract value, rate of deduction, amount deducted, amount paid to the Government and such other particulars in such manner as may be prescribed. 

(4) If any deductor fails to furnish to the deductee the certificate, after deducting the tax at source, within five days of crediting the amount so deducted to the Government, the deductor shall pay, by way of a late fee, a sum of one hundred rupees per day from the day after the expiry of such five-day period until the failure is rectified, subject to a maximum amount of five thousand rupees

Analysis- 

  • The amount deducted shall be paid to the Central Government within ten days after the end of the month in which such deduction is made
  • As per Rule 66, the deductor shall furnish a TDS certificate in Form GSTR-7A to the deductee mentioning therein the following:

(a) contract value

(b) rate of deduction

(c) Amount deducted

(d) Amount paid to the appropriate Government

(e) Any other particulars as may be prescribed

  • This certificate has to be furnished within five days of remittance as mentioned above.
  • Certificate not furnished by the deductor: – If the deductor does not furnish the certificate of deduction-cum- remittance within five days of the remittance, the deductor has to pay a late fee of INR 100 per day from the 6th day until the day he furnishes the certificate. The maximum late fee is prescribed as INR 5000.

(5) The deductee shall claim credit, in his electronic cash ledger, of the tax deducted and reflected in the return of the deductor furnished under sub-section (3) of section 39, in such manner as may be prescribed. 

(6) If any deductor fails to pay to the Government the amount deducted as tax under sub-section (1), he shall pay interest in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 50, in addition to the amount of tax deducted. 

(7) The determination of the amount in default under this section shall be made in the manner specified in section 73 or section74.

(8) The refund to the deductor or the deductee arising on account of excess or erroneous deduction shall be dealt with in accordance with the provisions of section 54: 

Analysis- The amount of tax deducted reflected in Electronic Cash Ledger of deductee in the return in Form GSTR-7 filed by deductor shall be claimed as credit.

  • Non-remittance by the deductor: If the deductor does not remit the amount deducted as TDS, he is liable to pay penal interest under Section 50 in addition to the amount of tax deducted.
  • Refund on excess collection: The deductor or the deductee can claim refund of excess deduction or erroneous deduction. The provisions of section 54 relating to refunds would apply in such cases. However, if the amount deducted has been credited to the Electronic Cash Ledger of the deductee, the deductor cannot claim refund (only deductee can claim)

Section 52- Collection of tax at source

(1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act, every electronic commerce operator (hereafter in this section referred to as the “operator”), not being an agent, shall collect an amount calculated at such rate not exceeding one per cent., as may be notified by the Government on the recommendations of the Council, of the net value of taxable supplies made through it by other suppliers where the consideration with respect to such supplies is to be collected by the operator.

(2) The power to collect the amount specified in sub-section (1) shall be without prejudice to any other mode of recovery from the operator.

(3) The amount collected under sub-section (1) shall be paid to the Government by the operator within ten days after the end of the month in which such collection is made, in such manner as may be prescribed

(4) Every operator who collects the amount specified in sub-section (1) shall furnish a statement, electronically, containing the details of outward supplies of goods or services or both effected through it, including the supplies of goods or services or both returned through it, and the amount collected under sub-section (1) during a month, in such form and manner as may be prescribed, within ten days after the end of such month.

Provided that the Commissioner may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, by notification, extend the time limit for furnishing the statement for such class of registered persons as may be specified therein

Analysis-  Relevant notifications issued by government- 

(1) Every E-Commerce Operator shall collect TCS at a rate not exceeding 1% on the net value of transaction in which he collects consideration of the supply. Please note that if there is returning of supplies to Suppliers, then the same shall be reduced from the gross value; TCS shall be worked on such net figure only.

(2) The amount collected so shall be paid to the Central/State Government respectively within ten days after the end of the month in which such collection is made

(3) Section 52 attracts TCS on value of ‘taxable supplies’

(5) Every operator who collects the amount specified in sub-section (1) shall furnish an annual statement, electronically, containing the details of outward supplies of goods or services or both effected through it, including the supplies of goods or services or both returned through it, and the amount collected under the said sub-section during the financial year, in such form and manner as may be prescribed, before the thirty first day of December following the end of such financial year. 

(6) If any operator after furnishing a statement under sub-section (4) discovers any omission or incorrect particulars therein, other than as a result of scrutiny, audit, inspection or enforcement activity by the tax authorities, he shall rectify such omission or incorrect particulars in the statement to be furnished for the month during which such omission or incorrect particulars are noticed, subject to payment of interest, as specified in sub-section (1) of section 50: 

Provided that no such rectification of any omission or incorrect particulars shall be allowed after the due date for furnishing of statement for the month of September following the end of the financial year or the actual date of furnishing of the relevant annual statement, whichever is earlier.

(7) The supplier who has supplied the goods or services or both through the operator shall claim credit, in his electronic cash ledger, of the amount collected and reflected in the statement of the operator furnished under sub-section (4), in such manner as may be prescribed.

Analysis-  

  • E-Commerce operator shall furnish details of outward supplies of goods or services or both made through it, including the supplies returned through it and the amount collected by it in sub-section 1, in Form GSTR-8 within the 10 days after end of the month in which supplies are made.
  • Section 52 (5) of CGST Act requires filing of Annual Statement by E-Commerce operator on or before 31st December following the year end (31st March of relevant year).
  • If operator discovers any omission or incorrect particulars in statement he shall rectify such mistakes before due date of return of September following the end of financial year or due date of annual return whichever is earlier along with interest u/s 50(1).
  • The details of tax collected at source furnished by an E-commerce operator under section 52 in Form GSTR-8 shall be made available to the supplier in Part D of FORM GSTR-2A and he can claim in electronic cash ledger.

(8) The details of supplies furnished by every operator under sub-section (4) shall be matched with the corresponding details of outward supplies furnished by the concerned supplier registered under this Act in such manner and within such time as may be prescribed.

(9) Where the details of outward supplies furnished by the operator under sub-section (4) do not match with the corresponding details furnished by the supplier under section 37 or section 39, the discrepancy shall be communicated to both persons in such manner and within such time as may be prescribed. 

(10) The amount in respect of which any discrepancy is communicated under sub-section (9) and which is not rectified by the supplier in his valid return or the operator in his statement for the month in which discrepancy is communicated, shall be added to the output tax liability of the said supplier, where the value of outward supplies furnished by the operator is more than the value of outward supplies furnished by the supplier, in his return for the month succeeding the month in which the discrepancy is communicated in such manner as may be prescribed.

(11) The concerned supplier, in whose output tax liability any amount has been added under sub-section (10), shall pay the tax payable in respect of such supply along with interest, at the rate specified under sub-section (1) of section 50 on the amount so added from the date such tax was due till the date of its payment.

(12) Any authority not below the rank of Deputy Commissioner may serve a notice, either before or during the course of any proceedings under this Act, requiring the operator to furnish such details relating to—

(a) Supplies of goods or services or both effected through such operator during any period; or

(b) Stock of goods held by the suppliers making supplies through such operator in the godowns or warehouses, by whatever name called, managed by such operator and declared as additional places of business by such suppliers, as may be specified in the notice. 

(13) Every operator on whom a notice has been served under sub-section (12) shall furnish the required information within fifteen working days of the date of service of such notice. 

(14) Any person who fails to furnish the information required by the notice served under sub-section (12) shall, without prejudice to any action that may be taken under section 122, be liable to a penalty which may extend to twenty-five thousand rupees.

 Analysis- 

√ Any mismatch between the data submitted by the E-Commerce operator in his monthly returns and that of suppliers making supplies through him shall cause due ‘mismatch enquiry’ from the proper officer; and either party may rectify the erroneous data. If rectification is not carried out by supplier ,supplier will pay amount along interest u/s 50(1)

√ Any authority, in the rank of Deputy Commissioner or above it can issue a notice during, or before a proceeding under this Act – to E Commerce Operator seeking information on –

(a) supplies of goods or services or both effected through such operator during any period; or

(b) stock of goods held by the suppliers making supplies through such operator in the godowns or warehouses, by whatever name called, managed by such operator and declared as additional places of business by such suppliers, as may be specified in the notice.

  • This shall be a notice which need to be responded within 15 days from the date of receipt by the E Commerce Operator. Failure to submit the required details will cause penalty under Section 52 (14) of the Act which may extend to ` 25,000.

Important note- Due to covid -19 crisis presently due dates of GSTR-7, GSTR-8 extended to 31.08.2020.

Section 53- Transfer of input tax credit

On utilisation of input tax credit availed under this Act for payment of tax dues under the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (5) of section 49, as reflected in the valid return furnished under sub-section (1) of section 39, the amount collected as central tax shall stand reduced by an amount equal to such credit so utilised and the Central Government shall transfer an amount equal to the amount so reduced from the central tax account to the integrated tax account in such manner and within such time as may be prescribed.

Analysis-

√ This section provides manner of utilisation of CGST/SGST/UTGST credit towards IGST liability.

√ Firstly , CGST/SGST/UTGST credit can be utilised for paying CGST/SGST/UTGST dues first.

√ Then in case of CGST balance can be used to pay IGST balance.

Such treatment shall be ensured by the Central Government for UTGST and SGST also in respective cases.

 The author can be reached at mamta0581@gmail.com. Contact no-9813458638

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