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Case Law Details

Case Name : Paras Enterprises through Proprietor Sulabh Gupta Vs Union of India (Delhi High Court)
Appeal Number : W.P.(C) 1983/2024
Date of Judgement/Order : 12/02/2024
Related Assessment Year :

Paras Enterprises through Proprietor Sulabh Gupta Vs Union of India (Delhi High Court)

In a landmark judgment, the Delhi High Court has set aside a Goods and Services Tax (GST) order against Paras Enterprises, underscoring the importance of providing taxpayers with a fair opportunity to defend themselves against show cause notices. The case, titled Paras Enterprises through Proprietor Sulabh Gupta Vs Union of India, highlights critical procedural lapses in the GST adjudication process, particularly the failure to adequately consider the taxpayer’s response.

The heart of the dispute lies in a show cause notice dated 28th September 2023, which proposed a demand of Rs. 10,11,855.60, including penalties, under Section 73 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017. Despite the petitioner’s detailed reply to the notice, the adjudicating authority’s order on 23rd December 2023 dismissed the explanations as unsatisfactory without providing a proper assessment of the reply or granting a hearing for defense.

The Delhi High Court’s scrutiny revealed that the adjudication order was cryptic and failed to engage with the taxpayer’s detailed disclosures. The Court noted the absence of any attempt by the Proper Officer to seek further clarification or documents from the petitioner, which would have been the procedural norm if the reply was deemed insufficient.

Crucially, the Court found that the petitioner was not given an adequate opportunity to defend the show cause notice through a hearing, a fundamental right in any adjudicatory process. This lack of opportunity led to the Court’s decision to set aside both the impugned order and the show cause notice, remitting the matter back to the Proper Officer for re-adjudication with clear instructions to allow the taxpayer a fair chance to present their case.

This judgment serves as a critical reminder of the principles of natural justice and the importance of procedural fairness in the tax adjudication process. By setting aside the GST demand against Paras Enterprises for the lack of a fair hearing, the Delhi High Court has reinforced the taxpayer’s right to a comprehensive defense mechanism. This case underscores the judiciary’s role in ensuring that administrative actions are not only in accordance with the law but also adhere to the principles of fairness and transparency. Tax authorities are reminded of their duty to provide clear communications and genuine opportunities for taxpayers to respond to allegations, thereby upholding the integrity of the tax adjudication process.


1. Petitioner impugns order dated 23.12.2023, whereby the show cause noti/2024ce dated 28.09.2023, proposing a demand against the petitioner has been confirmed and a demand of Rs. 10,11,855.60/- including penalty has been raised against the petitioner. The order has been passed under Section 73 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017.

2. Learned counsel for the petitioner submits that a detailed reply dated 25.10.2023 to the show cause notice was filed, however, the impugned order dated 23.12.2023 does not take into consideration the reply submitted by the petitioner and is a cryptic order which merely records that reply was found not satisfactory.

3. Issue notice. Notice is accepted by learned counsel for respondent.

4. With the consent of learned counsel for parties, petition is taken up for final disposal.

5. A perusal of the show cause notice shows that the Department has given specific details of alleged under declaration of output tax, excess claim Input Tax Credit [“ITC”], under declaration of ineligible ITC and ITC claim from cancelled dealers, return defaulters and tax non-payers. To the said show cause notice, a detailed reply dated 25.10.2023 was furnished by the petitioner giving full disclosures under each of the heads.

6. The impugned order, however, after recording the narration, records that the reply uploaded by the tax payer is not satisfactory. It merely states that “no further additional reply or explanation has been received from the taxpayer despite sufficient repeated opportunities which indicate that the taxpayer has nothing to say in the matter. Hence the undersigned is left with no other option to create a demand ex parte, in accordance with provisions of CGST/DGST Act.” The Proper Officer has opined that reply is not clear and unsatisfactory.

7. In case the Proper Officer was of the view that reply is incomplete and further details were required, the same could have been sought from the petitioner, however, the record does not reflect that any such opportunity was given to the petitioner to clarify its reply or furnish further documents/details.

8. Further petitioner was not provided with an adequate opportunity to defend the show cause notice by way of a hearing.

9. In view of the above, the order cannot be sustained and the matter is liable to be remitted to the Proper Officer for re-adjudication. Accordingly, the impugned order and show cause notice is set aside. The matter is remitted to the Proper Officer for re-adjudication.

10. As noticed hereinabove, the impugned order records that petitioner has not furnished the requisite details. Proper Officer is directed to intimate to the petitioner details/documents, as maybe required to be furnished by the petitioner within a period of one week from today. On such intimation being given, petitioner shall furnish the requisite explanation and documents within one week thereof. Thereafter, the Proper Officer shall re-adjudicate the show cause notice within a period of two weeks after giving an opportunity of hearing.

11. It is clarified that this Court has neither considered nor commented upon the merits of the contentions of either party. All rights and contentions of parties, are reserved.

12. A copy of this order be given dasti under Signatures of Court Master

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April 2024