Case Law Details

Case Name : In re Maa Associates (GST AAR Madhya Pradesh)
Appeal Number : Advance Ruling order No. 04/2022
Date of Judgement/Order : 30/03/2022
Related Assessment Year :

In re Maa Associates (GST AAR Madhya Pradesh)

Whether tax is applicable on supply of services to BCLL, AICTSL, JCTSL (State Government Co.), Rate of Tax if the same is taxable and Admissibility of Input Tax Credit on such supply?

On a joint reading of the terms of the agreement, high court rulings, para 8 Board Circular No. 164 /20 /2021-GST dated 06/10/2021.. Entry No. 10 of Notification No. 11/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) and Entry No. 22 of Notification No. 12/2017-Central Tax (Rate) it appears that supply covered under the agreement entered into by the applicant with AICTSL. BCLL. JCTSL. which are state government companies as per ROCs submitted by the applicant, is covered under Entry No. 22 of Notification No. 12/2017 – Central Tax (Rale) and is an exempt services.

Once the supply is exempt, the question relating to question no. II and III on tax and admissibility of input lax credit is redundant.

FULL TEXT OF THE ORDER OF AUTHORITY FOR ADVANCE RULING, MADHYA PRADESH

1. M/s Maa Associates (hereinafter referred to as ‘Applicant’), is a company providing buses on hire(service) in Indore, Jabalpur & Bhopal City under smart city project with AICTSL, JCTSL &BCLL for the transportation of passenger. It is registered with the GST Authorities in the State of Madhya Pradesh and has been granted Registration No 23ABNFM6268J1ZS.

2. The provisions of the CGST Act and MPGST Act are identical, except for certain provisions. Therefore, unless a specific mention of the dissimilar provision is made, a reference to the CGST Act would also mean a reference to the same provision under the MPGST Act. Further, henceforth, for the purposes of this Advance Ruling, a reference to such a similar provision under the CGST or MP GST Act would be mentioned as being under the GST Act.

BRIEF FACTS OF THE CASE AND SUBMISSION OF THE APPLICANTS IN THEIR APPLICATION IS AS UNDER –

3.1. The Applicant seeking advance ruling regarding the taxability of the said services & input to be taken on buses and repairs and Maintenance Expenses as same is allotted with the work through Tender Process.

3.2. The Service Recipient companies BCLL, AICTSL, and JCTSL is State Govt. Company.

3.3. The Service Recipient companies will be paying the service provider on the total effective run kilometre.

3.4. Applicant is providing non AC buses with Drive, Fuel, Repairs and Maintenance of buses.

3.5. Route of the buses & the applicable fare will be decided by service Recipient and provide the transportation services to passenger.

QUESTION RAISED BEFORE THE AUTHORITY –

The Applicant has submitted application u/s 97(1] of CGST Act & MP GST Act seeking Advance Ruling on the following questions;-

I] whether tax is applicable on supply of services to BCLL, A1CTSL, JCTSL (State Government Co.)

II) Rate of Tax if the same is taxable

III) Admissibility of Input

5. DEPARTMENT’S VIEW POINT-

Later on copy of ROC of the three transport companies and the definition of “State Transport Undertaking” as defined under section 2(42) of Motor Vehicle Act. 1988 provided by the applicant during time of hearing was sent by this authority to the Jurisdictional officer, for perusal and to give the view on the question raised by the applicant as per the document provided by the applicant. The Jurisdictional officer by letter no- 183 Dated 14-03-2022 give a fresh opinion on the issue. The opinion in short given is as follow –

……………………………………………………………… “Services by way of giving on hire (a) to a state transport undertaking, a motor vehicle meant to carry more than twelve passengers ; or (b) to a goods transport agency, a means of transportation of goods. ” (should not be taxable)

6. RECORD OF PERSONAL HEARING –

6.1 Mr Deepak Asrani . CA on behalf of Applicant appeared for personal hearing and reiterated the submissions already made in the application, and attached additional submissions as follows:-

1) Seeking Ruling that the Whether GST Will be applicable on the services provided by them to the companies mentioned above.

2) Whether Notification No 12/2017 dated 28.06.2017 Applicable to them

3) What would be the rate of Taxation if the GST is applicable on the same

As per the Tender Maa Associates have to Operate 32-38 Scaler Buses with ITMS technology

6.2 Brief About the Tender ( Copies also provided)

Companies Bhopal City Link Limited (BCLL) for Bhopal, Atal Indore City Transport Services Limited( AICTSL) for Indore, Jabalpur City Transport Service Limited ( JCTSL) for Jabalpur floated a Tender for “Selected as the Bus Operator on Procure, Operate and Maintain basis in Bhopal City , Indore City & Jabalpur City ” respectively.

Here BCLL. AICTSL & JCTSL is the state Government company as mentioned in the company category as per the Master Data Available in the Website of the Ministry of the Corporate Affairs (MCA-21)

The above Slate Transport company is the Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs) in the ownership of Urban Local Bodies has been incorporated to provide an organized dimension to public transportation in the Routes for the conveyance of public.

6.3 Main Object of the company formed a special purpose vehicle

To establish and maintain line of passenger’s coaches and other vehicles generally to transport passengers and to purchase, charter, hire build and otherwise acquire passenger coaches and buses to let out, hire or charter or otherwise deal with and dispose off any such coaches and buses.

As per RFP the object of the Tender

The actions seek to promote the Organized Public Transport, reduce the use of private vehicles and to develop a mass transport of passenger service in city. The Public Transport System in city is being developed and implemented through a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), as a strategy for solving the mobility problems of the city under the perspective of prioritizing the mass public transport system as opposed to individual I unorganized transport systems in order to structure an integrated transport system which offers higher safety, quality, security and reliability from users of Public Transport Corridors with the highest passenger demand in city.

SPV shall ensure operation on business lines with “Good Industry Practice” using a Public Private Partnership model, providing acceptable quality services to maximum number of people at scheduled prices on a sustainable basis. While the BCLL focuses on planning, service standards setting, monitoring and control of quality of services; bus operator will focus on purchase of buses on Viability Gap Funding (VGF). repair and maintenance, availability, cleanliness and deployment and operations (including but not limited to purchase of fuel, tyres, batteries and other consumables, hiring, training and deploying drivers), for Premium per kilo meter for 8 years. In this scheme, the bus operator will operate and maintain buses during Agreement period. Bus operator is also responsible for all statutory, regulatory and legal requirements associated with the bus transport system. The fare-box revenue collection shall be done by the BCLL or Collection Agency assigned by BCLL. Urban Development and Housing Department is responsible only for Comprehensive and Integrated Bid Process Management System till selection of successful bidder and LOI shall be issued and Bus Operator Agreement shall be executed by the respective SPV only.

Here M/s Maa Associates fulfil the tender conditions and Qualify for the same and same has been awarded to them.

Applicant M/s Maa Associates will raise the Invoice which is Revenue per Kilometre which will be paid by the companies , with a guarantee of minimum average run of 180 kilometres per day over a month, subject to availability of buses.

Calculation of Kilometres:-

i. The BCLL shall pay hire charges through Escrow Account for the actual effective kilometres at the rate determined through the tender process.

1. Distance operated for making payment will be reckoned from the nearest bus stop on the designated route point for plying vehicles as per the kilometers of the trip distance as per time table.

2. Distance travelled by the Contracted Bus from the Bus Depot/Parking Space to the first point of loading passengers at the commencement of its service on a day and Distance travelled by the Contracted Bus from its last passenger stop as per the Operating Plan to the Bus Depot/Parking Space at the end of the day”s service shall not be considered.

3. Distance travelled by a Contracted Bus. which is outside the Operating Plan but approved by the BCLL for specific and special requirements, shall be considered.

ii. The Operator shall make available the bus for minimum service hours as decided by BCLL. In case a bus is not made available for service hours as decided by BCLL in a day, it will not be counted as a day for the purpose of reckoning the number of days operated in a month.

iii. In case of cancellation of kilometers trips for any reason payment shall be made for actual km operated.

iv. Bus Kilometers shall not constitute the following:

1. Any kilometres travelled by the Contracted Bus to a maintenance facility set up by the Operator at the Bus Depot/Parking Space provided by BCLL or for any travel not authorized by BCLL.

2. Distance travelled by a Contracted Bus to fuelling facility set up by the Operator at the Bus Depot/Parking Space provided for by BCLL.

3. Kilometres from the point of the breakdown to the destination point in case of break down wherein BCLL can divert the passengers to any other hired bus of BCLL.

v. Increase in route kilometre due to enforcement of law and order shall not be reckoned for hire charges where BCLL has not changed its fare structure.

vi. Operator is free to keep spare diesel buses for smooth running of contracted Diesel Buses. The Operator shall al all times during the contract period maintain 96% of the buses every day excluding 2 days in a month for maintenance. If it fails to provide, additional penalty will be charged as per mentioned in the RFP for Deficiency and Incident Wise Damages/ Fines of the agreement.

vii. In case of an accident where the bus is detained by police authorities or impounding of vehicle by any other statutory BCLL. penalty will be imposed for the period for which the vehicle is detained or impounded As per the Applicant services provided ( Procure, Operate & Maintain Buses having capacity of more than 12 passengers ) by them to the companies are covered under the Notification No 12/2017 Central Tax ( Rate) of CGST dated 28.06.2017

6.4 As per Notification No 12/2017 Central Tax ( Rate) of CGST dated 28.06.2017

In entry No. 22 Heading 9966 or Heading 9973

Service by way of giving on hire –

a) To a state Transport undertaking , a motor vehicle meant to carry more than twelve passengers or

b) To a goods Transport agency , a means of Transportation of Goods Rate Prescribed as NIL ,with Condition as NIL

Whereby State Transport Undertaking has the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (42) of section 2 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (59 of 1988);

As per Clause 42 of the section 2 of the Motor Vehicle Act. 1988

6.5 Section 2 ( 42) of Motor Vehicle Act,1988

(42) “State transport undertaking” means any undertaking providing road transport service, where such undertaking is carried on by.-

(i) the Central Government or a State Government:

(ii) any Road Transport Corporation established under section 3 of the Road Transport Corporations Act. 1950 (64 of 1950);

(iii) any municipality or any corporation or company owned or controlled by the Central Government or one or more State Governments, or by the Central Government and one or more Slate Governments.

(iv) Zila Parishad or any other similar local authority.] 1 ((iv) Zila Parishad or any other similar local authority.]”

GST on supply of services to BCLL, AICTSL, JCTSL (State Government Co.)

Explanation.- For the purposes of this clause, “road transport service” means a service of motor vehicles carrying passengers or goods or both by road for hire or reward;

6.6 Further vide Circular No. 164 /20 /2021-GST dated 06/10/2021 Entry Number 8 it has been clarified that

Renting of vehicles to State Transport Undertakings and Local Authorities

6.6.1 Representations have been received seeking clarification regarding eligibility of the service of renting of vehicles to State Transport Undertakings (STUs) and Local Authorities for exemption from GST under notification No. 12/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017.

SI.No . 22 of this notification exempts “services by way of giving on hire (a) to a state transport undertaking, a motor vehicle meant to carry more than twelve passengers: or (aa) to a local authority, an Electrically Operate vehicle meant to carry more than twelve passengers”.

6.6.2 This issue has arisen in the wake of ruling issued by an Authority for Advance Ruling that the entry al SI. No. 22 of Notification No 12/2017 Central Tax ( Rate) of CGST dated 28.06.2017 exempts services by way of giving on hire vehicles to a State Transport Undertaking or a local authority and not renting of vehicles to them. The ruling referred to certain case laws pertaining to erstwhile positive list based service tax regime.

6.6.3 II is relevant to note in this context that Schedule II of CGST Act. 2017 declares supply of any goods without transfer of title as supply of service even if right to use is transferred. Transfer of right to use has been declared as a supply of service [Schedule II, Entry 5(f) refers]

6.6.4 The issue was placed before the 45 GST Council Meeting held on 17.09.2021. As recommended by the GST Council, it is clarified that the expression .”giving on hire” in SI. No.22 of the Notification No 12/2017 Central Tax ( Rate) of CGST dated 28.06.2017 includes renting of vehicles. Accordingly, services where the said vehicles are rented or given on hire to State Transport Undertakings or Local Authorities are eligible for the said exemption irrespective of whether such vehicles are run on routes, timings as decided by the Slate Transport Undertakings or Local Authorities and under effective control of State Transport Undertakings or Local Authorities which determines the rules of operation or plying of vehicles .

6.6.5 The applicant also submitted letters of the companies from which the applicant got the lender and also the R.O.C of the company. The letters and R.O.C shows that A1CTCL. BCLL. JCTSL arc Slate Government company.

7. DISCUSSIONS AND FINDINGS –

7.1 We have carefully considered the submissions made by the applicant in the application, the pleadings on behalf of the Applicant made during the course of personal hearing and the Department’s view provided by the jurisdictional officer.

7.2 The applicant had filed the application seeking ruling on questions slated in para 4 above. We shall take up the questions in the order in which they have been put before us and accordingly, we shall discuss the applicability of GST on the sale of Developed Plot of land for which consideration is received before issuance of completion certificate.

7.3 Before the question put forth by the applicant is discussed, we feel it is pertinent to discuss the taxability of land per se under the GST Laws.

7.4 The applicant has entered into agreement for operating buses with Atal Indore City Transport Service Limited. Bhopal City Link Limited and Jabalpur City Transport Services Limited (hereinafter alternately referred to as “client” for the sake of brevity. The applicant is desirous of obtaining an advance ruling in respect of the supply of service being made by the applicant to the clients and has filed the application seeking ruling on questions stated in para 4 above, which relate to taxability, rale of lax and admissibility of input. The second and third questions come into picture only if in reply to the question relating to taxability, the supply is held to be taxable. Therefore, we first proceed to decide the question regarding taxability.

7.5 The questions relate to applicability of a notification, eligibility to ITC and taxability of outward supply which are covered u/s 97(2)(b). 97(2)(d) and 97(2)(e) respectively. Therefore, the application is admissible.

7.6 The applicant has furnished the following documents in evidence of the scope of the work being done and to establish the nature of the supply of service being made by the applicant:-

– NIT NO. 458 AICTSL/Transport/Jan-2020/1st Call for selection of Bus Operators for Intra City Bus service in Indore City on Procure. Operate and Maintain Basis”:

– Agreement with Atal Indore City Transport Services Limited dated 14.01.2021;

– Agreement with Bhopal City Link Limited dated 12.11.2020;

– Agreement with Jabalpur City Transport Services Limited dated 12.11.2020;

– Memorandum and Articles of Association of Bhopal City Link Limited:

– Letter dated 29.10.2021 from Jabalpur City Transport Services Limited regarding its constitution;

– Letter dated 28.10.2021 from Bhopal City Link Limited regarding its constitution; and

Letter dated 24.01.2022 from Atal Indore City Transport Services Ltd. regarding its Constitution .

7.7 Perusal of the documents listed above and the application of the applicant, the scope of the services provided and to be received by the applicant under these agreements appear to be as under:-

a) The applicant shall provide the buses, operate them (provided Drivers and Fuel) and Maintain the buses;

b) AICTSL shall provide the routes on which the buses shall operate and collect revenue from the passengers; and

c) The revenue for the work done shall be paid to the applicant as Hire Charges through Escrow Account for the actual effective kilometres run by each bus. The rate per kilometre is decided in the tender.

7.8 There are further details in the agreement regarding the conduct of the parties to the agreement and also the regarding quantification of the consideration under the agreement, however, they need not be discussed since the do not have any bearing on the nature of the service being provided under the agreement, further, the agreements with all the three clients arc identical so far as the scope of service is concerned therefore, any reference to agreement hereafter shall refer to each of the three agreements between the applicant and the client.

7.9 The supply relates to transportation of passengers on behalf of the client, where the buses are operated and maintained by the applicant and management of the route, slops and collection of fee is done by the client. Therefore, the service of transportation of passengers is being provide by the client. The supply being made by the applicant is that of mode of transportation and therefore, in the nature of renting / hiring of the mode of transport.

7.10 The following entries in Notification No. 11/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) and Notification No 12/2017 Central Tax ( Rate) of CGST dated 28.06.2017 are relevant for deciding on the taxability of the service of providing mode of transport, operating and maintaining them under the arrangement of the applicant with the client:

a) 11/2017-Central Tax :

(3) (4) (5)
“(i) Renting of any motor vehicle designed to carry passengers where the cost of Fuel is included in the consideration charged from the service recipient. 2.5 Provided that credit of input tax charged on goods and services used in supplying the service, other than the input lax credit of input service in the same line of business (i.e. service procured from another service provider of transporting passengers in a motor vehicle or renting of a motor vehicle) has not been taken. [Please refer to Explanations. (iv)]
Or
6

(emphasis supplied)

b) 12/2017 -Central Tax :

22 Heading 9966 or Heading 9973 Services by way of giving on hire –

(a) to a stale transport undertaking, a motor vehicle meant to carry more than twelve passengers; or

(aa) to a local authority, an Electrically operated vehicle meant to carry more than twelve passengers; or

Explanation. – For the purposes of this entry. “Electrically operated vehicle” means vehicle falling under Chapter 87 in the First Schedule to the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 (5 1 of 1975) which is run solely on electrical energy derived from an external source or from one or more electrical batteries fitted to such road vehicle.’.

(b) to a goods transport agency, a means of transportation of goods.

(c) motor vehicle for transport of students, faculty and staff, to a person providing services of transportation of students, faculty and staff to an educational institution providing services by way of pre-school education and education upto higher secondary school or equivalent.

Nil Nil

(emphasis supplied)

7.11 It may be noted that the terms used in the entries above are different, where the term “rent” is used in entry no. 10 of Notification No. 11/2017 – Central fax (Rale), the term “hire” is used in entry no. 22 of Notification No 12/2017 Central Tax ( Rate) of CGST dated 28.06.2017. In the legacy law of Service Tax (Chapter V of the Finance Act. 1994), the matter has been disputed before the many forums and there are judgements differentiating the two terms as well as judgements that have treated the two terms to be same so far as taxation of service under Chapter V of the Finance Act, 1994 is concerned.

7.12 While the Uttarakhand High Court in Commissioner v. Sachin Malhotra – 2015 (37) S.T.R. 684 (Uttarakhand)had held that Renting and Hiring are different activities and are to be treated differently for taxation under the Finance Act. 1994. the Allahabad High Court in Anil Kumar Agnihotri Vs Commissioner Of Central Excise. Kanpur reported in 2018 (10) G.S.T.L. 288 (All.) has departed with the Uttarakhand High Court’s. Also, the Honorable Gujarat High Court in the matter of Vijay Travels has held that renting and hiring are not different so far as tax treatment for service lax is concerned. The matter is currently before the Honorable Supreme Court.

7.13 Amongst these orders, the matter relating to M/s Vijay Travels merits attention. We have gone through the judgement in the matter of Vijay Travels, passed by the Honorable Gujarat High Court. The Honorable Court has not only provided a clear opinion on the treatment of the term “rent” and “hire” for the purpose of taxation under service tax, but has also considered Section 74 and 75 of the Motor Vehicles Act and has ruled on the effect of those provisions on the treatment of these two terms. The Honorable Court in the order, al para 14.3 has staled as under:-

“14.3 Renting means a usually fixed periodical return, especially, an agreed sum paid at fixed intervals by a person for any use of the properly or car. Il is also the amount paid by a hirer to the owner for the use of the property or a car. Hiring is also engaging services or wages or other payment. Il also amounts to engaging temporary use.

It cannot be disputed that both in “renting” and “licensing”, de facto possession of the thing is enjoyed. Difference is well carved out under the law wherein both, de jure possession and control is given, but in “renting”. it is right-in-rem whereas in “licensing”, it is right-in-persona. When rent- a-cab scheme operator gives the car on rent, de facto possession is. of course, there but. it is not acceptable to uphold that wherever de jure control and possession of the vehicle stands transferred in law from the owner to the person on renting/hiring the service that the service lax is leviable and this is. of course, not different than services rendered on a contractual basis, providing transport service for fixed amount of periodical return or fare.

We need not be oblivious of the fact that for the purpose of regulating the business of renting of motor cabs or motor cycles to persons who are desirous of driving by themselves or through drivers, either for their own use or for any matters connected herewith, the scheme is made by the Central Government.

Conceptually and essentially, if the nature of service provided is the same, natural corollary is that such service shall be taxed under the taxing statute. It nowhere culls out from the taxing statute that the same contemplated taxing those services where legal possession is handed over by the owner of the person renting the vehicle and where such de jure possession continue with the owner or person providing the service to the customer, such service is to be excluded.

We also need to remind ourselves that concept of providing transportation service where de jure control remains with the owner or company of the vehicle and the driver and yet, it functions in accordance with the wish and desire of the person hiring such vehicle is extremely popular in India unlike the concept of person renting the cab desiring to drive himself by having all liabilities on himself. In absence of any specific exclusion in the statute of such service from the taxing net. large portion of such services cannot be held to be non inclusive by any artificial interpretation.

Principle of contemporaneous exposition whereby yellow and black taxies are not subjected to service tax also would not preclude us to resort to such interpretation.”

7.14 We are also of the view that the different tax liability cannot be fastened on identical service by terming them as “rent” and “hire”. Further, it may be noted that under the consideration under the agreement in the form of “hire”.

7.15 The term State Transport Undertaking is defined under Notification No 12/2017 Central Tax ( Rate) of CGST dated 28.06.2017 as under:-

(zzk) “stale transport undertaking” has the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (42) of section 2 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (59 of 1988);

Further. Stale Transport Undertaking as per Section 2(42) of the Motor Vehicles Act. 1988 is as under:

(42) “State transport undertaking” means any undertaking providing road transport service, where such undertaking is carried on by,-

(i) the Central Government or a Slate Government:

(ii) any Road Transport Corporation established under section 3 of the Road Transport Corporations Act, 1950 (64 of 1950);

(iii) any municipality or any corporation or company owned or controlled by the Central Government or one or more State Governments, or by the Central Government and one or more State Governments;

(iv) Zilla Parishad or any other similar local authority.

Explanation.- For the purposes of this clause, “road transport service” means a service of motor vehicles carrying passengers or goods or both by road for hire or reward;

As per ROC . submitted by the applicant of Atal Indore City Transport Service Limited. Bhopal CityLink Limited and Jabalpur City Transport Services Limited are companies submitted by the applicant Stale Government companies.

7.16 On a joint reading of the terms of the agreement, high court rulings. Entry No. 10 of Notification No. 11/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) and Entry No. 22 of Notification No. 12/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) it appears that supply covered under the agreement entered into by the applicant with AICTSL is covered under Entry No. 22 of Notification No. 12/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) and is an exempt services.

7.17 Our view is further supplemented by para 8 of Board Circular No. 164 /20 /2021-GST dated 06/10/2021. wherein it has been clarified on the recommendation of the GST Council that “giving on hire” in Entry No. 22 of Notification No. 12/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) includes renting of vehicles.

7.18 Once the supply is exempt, the question relating to rate of tax and admissibility of input Tax credit is redundant.

8 Ruling

8.1 On a joint reading of the terms of the agreement, high court rulings, para 8 Board Circular No. 164 /20 /2021-GST dated 06/10/2021.. Entry No. 10 of Notification No. 11/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) and Entry No. 22 of Notification No. 12/2017-Central Tax (Rate) it appears that supply covered under the agreement entered into by the applicant with AICTSL. BCLL. JCTSL. which are state government companies as per ROCs submitted by the applicant, is covered under Entry No. 22 of Notification No. 12/2017-Central Tax (Rate) and is an exempt services.

8.2 Once the supply is exempt, the question relating to question no. II and III on tax and admissibility of input lax credit is redundant.

8.3 The ruling is valid subject to the provisions under section 103 (2) until and unless declared void under Section 104 (1) of the GST Act.

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