GST Impact on Hotels & Restaurant Etc.
|Rate under Current Taxes And GST|
|S No||Particulars||GST Rate||Service Tax Rate||Vat Rate|
|1||Supply of Food/drinks in restaurant not having facility of air-conditioning or central heating at any time during the year and not having licence to serve liquor||12% With Full ITC||Exempted||
|2.||Renting of hotels, inns, guest houses, clubs, campsites or other commercial places meant for residential or lodging purposes having room tariff Rs.1000 and above but less than Rs.2500 per room per day
|12% With Full ITC||
|3||Supply of Food/drinks in restaurant having licence to serve liquor
|18% With Full ITC||
|4.||Supply of Food/drinks in restaurant having facility of air-conditioning or central heating at any time during the year||18% With Full ITC||
|5.||Supply of Food/drinks in outdoor catering
|18% With Full ITC||
|6.||Renting of hotels, inns, guest houses, clubs, campsites or other commercial places meant for residential or lodging purposes where room tariff of Rs 2500/ and above but less than Rs 5000/- per room per day||18%
With Full ITC
|7.||Bundled service by way of supply of food or any other article of human consumption or any drink, in a premises (including hotel, convention center, club, pandal, shamiana or any other place, specially arranged for organizing a function) together with renting of such premises||18% With Full ITC||
|8||Supply of Food/drinks in air-conditioned restaurant in 5-star or above rated Hotel
|28% With Full ITC||
|9.||Accommodation in hotels including 5 star and above rated hotels, inns, guest houses, clubs, campsites or other commercial places meant for residential or lodging purposes, where room rent is Rs 5000/- and above per night per room||28% With Full ITC||
1. Current situation
The hospitality industry, like every other sector in the Indian economy, pays multiple taxes (VAT, luxury tax, and service tax) in the existing indirect tax regime.
2. GST Scenario
1. The threshold limit of aggregate annual turnover of Rs.20 lakhs for registration purpose is applicable for hospitality Industry as well.
2. Composition levy: section 10 of the CGST Act provides for compounded levy of tax at the rate of 2.5% for service providers, if the gross annual turnover of the taxable person does not exceed Rs 75 lakhs. This provision is also applicable to the hotels and restaurants. However on availing this benefit, the owners of the restaurants would not be able to collect the tax from their customers and also they are not eligible for availing input tax credit on the goods and services used in providing the service.
The levy of GST on hotels and restraints is discussed in the following section of this article with examples for the better understanding of the readers
Type I hotels and restaurants
A non A/C Restaurant famous for evening snacks, sweets and Tiffen items. They do have a small eat out place under fan but do not have permit for serving liquors.
Currently these categories of restaurants which do not have AC in their hotels are exempted from Service tax. Only VAT is applicable as per the state provisions of VAT.
Option 1 Regular scheme
Tax rate applicable under GST: 12 % (6% SGST + 6% CGST) to be charged additionally in the bill. Suppose bill value is Rs 300 GST to be charged is Rs.36 total bill value will be Rs336. Full Input tax Credit is available in respect of goods and services used for providing output service.
Option 2 – Composition Scheme
Rate of tax applicable: 5% (2.5 % CGST + 2.5% SGST) no tax to be charged in bill to the customer. Tax to be borne by the owner.
For the same example as above tax to be paid by the owner of the restaurant is 5% of the bill value i.e. Rs.15. total value of the bill to the customer is only RS.300 as the owner cannot pass on the tax to the customer. No input tax credit is available on the inputs and services used in providing output service.
Type II Hotels
ABC is known for its mouthwatering dishes and thali items. The ground floor portion of the restaurant is non a/c while in the top floor one can enjoy the tasteful dishes in a cool A/C environment with dim lights and channel music. The aggregate turnover of the hotel is around 1 crore during the last year. Shri X spends one evening with family in the first floor of the hotel and got a bill of Rs 1000 exclusive of taxes.
Currently such types of restaurants are required to pay service tax @6% after the abatement of 60% and No Input Tax Credit is available there on. VAT is applicable as per the state provisions of VAT.
As per the decision of the GST council, Air-conditioned Restaurants and Restaurants with licence to serve liquor come under GST rate of 18%. A plain reading of this gives rise to two types of interpretation as follows:
This presumption is further supported by the fact that as per the GST council decision, air-conditioned restaurants and restaurants with licence to serve liquor come under GST rate of 18%. So even if it is a non a/c restaurant if they possess licence to serve liquor, whether they serve liquor or not the hotel comes under 18% tax rate. Thus even those persons who does not take liquor and take only food has to pay tax at 18% just because the hotel is in possession of licence to serve liquor.
Taking this analogy, even if the ground floor is non a/c, since the first floor is air-conditioned wherever one takes the services the tax rate to be charged would be 18%.
While the consumers have to shed 18% tax, the owner of the restaurant will be getting the relief of the input tax credit on the inputs and services.
But if this presumption is correct most of the customers of even ordinary restaurants would be severely affected.
Type III Out door catering services
A & Co. catering services provides out door catering services in Jaipur. Apart from providing catering services for functions like marriages and other religious evens, they also provide catering services to the employees of corporates in their offices and factories.
Currently Outdoor catering is taxed at 9% of Service tax (abated rate) and VAT as per provisions of respective state VAT Act.
Scenario under GST
GST at the rate of 18% of the value of services provided with full input tax credit. However since the inputs are mostly rice, grains etc which are zero rated, the availability of ITC does not substantially help the outdoor catering service provider. Thus the outdoor catering provider has to pay a GST of 18% (9% CGST +9%SGST) if it is intra state supply and 18% IGST if it is inter-state supply.
Type IV Hotels
Restaurants in 5 stars and above rated hotels
XYZ with 5 Star rating they also have their restaurant in the premises of the hotel.
Currently these types of restaurants are required to pay service tax @6% and No ITC is available there on because of the availability of abated rate. VAT is applicable as per the state provisions of VAT.
There is no possibility to think that, these restaurants would ever fall in the category of below Rs 20 lakhs aggregate turn over in a financial year. Thus though the threshold limit is available to these type of hotels as any other case, it is not operative in such cases. Similar is the case with the composition scheme.
Thus these restaurants have to pay 28% GST (14% CGST and 14% SGST) on their intra state supply of services and 28% IGST on their interstate supply of services.
Full Input tax Credit is available in respect of goods and services used for providing output service.
Hotels providing short term accommodation services along with supply of food
Type I lodging houses
Budget hotels with room tariff of less than Rs 1000
These category of hotels are exempted from the payment of GST.
Type II hotels with room tarrif ranging between Rs 1000 and above but less than Rs 2500
A hotel where the room tariff exceeds Rs 1,000 is liable for service tax at 15 percent. An abatement of 40% is allowed on the tariff value bringing the effective rate of service tax down to 9%. The Value Added Tax 12 % to 14.5 % and luxury tax will still apply. Not input service credit was allowed due to adoption of abated rates.
Scenario under GST
Such type of hotels attracts a GST of 12% (6% CGST +6%SGST) with full input service credit. Thus even if we assume 12% VAT, then as against 21% tax paid earlier under the GST regime these types of hotels end up in paying only 12 % GST with the benefit of input tax credit also. This appears to be a cheerful situation for the owners of such hotels.
Type III Hotels
Hotels with room tariff more than Rs 2500 but less than Rs. 5000
Such hotels are liable for service tax at 15 percent. An abatement of 40% is allowed on the tariff value bringing the effective rate of service tax down to 9%. The Value Added Tax 5% to 14.5% and luxury tax will still apply. No input service credit was allowed due to adoption of abated rates.
Scenario under GST
Such hotels are liable for GST of 18% (9% CGST +9%SGST) as against the effective tax of 21% under the present indirect tax regime. Further the effective tax rate would further reduce due to availability of input credit for the payment of tax. Thus GST is beneficial to owners of such hotels as it reduces the overall tax burden and makes their services more competitive to their next higher level service provider via five star hotels.
Type IV Hotels
Hotels with room tariff exceeding Rs 5000 per night per room
Such hotels are liable for service tax at 15 percent. An abatement of 40% is allowed on the tariff value bringing the effective rate of service tax down to 9%. The Value Added Tax 5.5 %to 14.5 % and luxury tax will still apply. No input service credit was allowed due to adoption of abated rates. Thus the effective rate of tax paid works out to 21% with the minimum VAT of 12%. Adding luxury tax it would further go up.
Scenario under GST
Such hotels are liable for GST of 28% (14% CGST +14%SGST) as against the effective tax of 21% under the present indirect tax regime. Adding the luxury tax component, the tax rates before and after GST appears to be in the same range. Thus the owners of such hotels and their customers have no impact on account of introduction of GST.